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July 31, 2015

31st July 2015 - Important Current Affairs updates

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International Affairs
  • Ending more than four decades of wait, India and Bangladesh will start the exchange of 162 adversely-held enclaves from today's midnight, marking the start of implementation of their landmark Land Boundary Agreement (LBA).
    • India will hand over 51 enclaves, comprising 7,110 acres to Bangladesh.
    • Bangladesh will give India 111 enclaves comprising around 17,160 acres.
    • Bangladesh and India will implement the LBA of 1974 and the enabling Protocol of September, 2011, in a phased manner over the next 11 months.
    • Note : According to an estimate, around 37,000 people are living in Indian enclaves in Bangladesh while 14,000 people are staying in Bangladeshi enclaves in India.
National Affairs
  • After considering the requests received from several quarters, the Central Government has
    decided to declare 7th August as National Handloom Day every year beginning from this year 2015.
    • The first National Handloom Day will be launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Chennai on 7th August, 2015. 
    • On this day, the Sant Kabir Awards and National Awards for the years 2012, 2013 and 2014 will be awarded and a new ‘India Handloom’ brand for better market positioning of quality handloom products would be launched on this occasion.
    • The decision is aimed at development of handloom weavers in the country.
    • Minister of State for Textiles : Santosh Gangwar
  • In a first, Delhi government today notified a policy regarding protection of witnesses with provisions for a protection fund and processing of such requests by competent authority.
    • The AAP government said that 'Delhi Witness Protection Scheme' will ensure protection of witnesses in "crucial" cases.
    • Note : Delhi becomes the first state notify such scheme.
  • Government has decided to set up two separate All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Jammu and Srinagar
    • Health Minister : J P Nadda
  • Maharashtra Government announces construction of 800 kilometer Nagpur-Mumbai expressway with a cost of 30,000 crore rupees.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs has revised the Central Sector Scheme known as Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), w.e.f. 1st April, 2015.
    • Under this scheme, the Ministry will provide 100% financial assistance through State Governments for activities including housing, land distribution and land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy or other innovative activity, for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PVTGs, based on Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) Plan prepared by the concerned State Governments on the basis of assessment of their requirements. 
    • Under the Scheme, priority is accorded for their protection and improvement in terms of the social indicators like livelihood, health, nutrition and education, so as to decrease their vulnerability.
    • Note : At present there are 75 tribal groups identified and categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), (earlier known as Primitive Tribal Groups) located in the States/UT of AP, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, MP, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Rajasthan, TN, Tripura, UP, Uttarakhand, West-Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Science & Technology
  • Traffic police in Hyderabad city of Telangana state procure 'Body Worn Cameras' under a 'smart policing' initiative to reduce crimes and to improve police-public interface. 
    • Under the initiative brought about by the state government, traffic police officers would use sophisticated GPRS-enabled body-worn cameras which would record exchanges with the public.
Business & Economy
  • Government has set a target to procure three crore tonnes of rice during the next Kharif marketing season (2015-16). 
    • Rice procurement has already surpassed the target set for the ongoing 2014-15 marketing year. T
    • The Food Corporation of India, the nodal agency for foodgrain procurement and distribution, has so far purchased more than 31 million tonnes for rice.
  • Finance Ministry is expected to disburse about Rs 20,000 crore to various public sector banks in the next two months to shore up their capital base.
    • Of this, Rs 10,000 crore would be provided to weak public sector banks which require more capital.
    • For the current fiscal, the government has allocated Rs 7,940 crore in the Budget for capital infusion in state-owned banks.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will soon issue Rs 10 denomination coins to commemorate International Yoga Day.
    • Japanese media group Nikkei agreed to buy the Financial Times from Britain's Pearson in a $1.3 billion deal that brings together two leading financial news operations from Europe and Asia.
    Awards & Honors
    • India off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin was today presented the Arjuna Award, which was conferred on him last year, by Sports Minister Sarbananda Sonowal.
      • Ashwin was not present during the Award Ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhawan on August 29, 2014 as he was a part of the India ODI team, which was touring England at that time.
      • The 28-year-old Ashwin, who is also a useful batsman, has taken 124 wickets in 25 Tests, 139 in 99 ODIs and 26 wickets in 25 T20 internationals.
    New Appointments
    • Mullah Akhtar Mansoor, a top Afghan Taliban leader who backed the peace process and a former aviation minister in the pre-2001 Taliban regime, has been appointed as the new Chief of the insurgent group, as Taliban today confirmed the death of its longtime supremo Mullah Omar.
    • Beijing‬ chosen to host 2022 Winter Olympics, becoming the first city to stage both the Summer and Winter Games.
      • Note : Throughout more than 120 years of Olympic history, no city has hosted both the winter and summer games. Now, Beijing will be the first do it — and in the span of just 14 years.
    • Fourteen year old Master Prabhroop Sekhon clinched two gold medals in 300m and 500m Roller Skating in the Special Olympics World Summer Games being held at Los Angeles, USA. 

      Daily Current Affairs of July 2015

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