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May 25, 2016

25th May 2016 - Important Current Affairs updates

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National Affairs
  • Union Cabinet today approved 6 new IITs at Goa, Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir), Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Palakkad (Kerala), Dharwad (Karnataka), and Bhilai (Chhattisgarh)
    • Note : It also approved the conversion of Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad to an IIT. 
  • The Centre has issued Standard Operating Procedures for government offices under 'Swachh Bharat Mission', stating that penalty will be imposed for littering and spitting inside office premises
    • Further, open urination and non-collection of construction or demolition waste by the contractor will be penalised. 
    • The order also makes it mandatory to form a sanitation committee for every department.
  • Aiming to create 21 million new jobs by 2025, the Union Cabinet today approved India's first-ever National Capital Goods Policy
    • This policy aims to create an ecosystem for a globally competitive capital goods sector and increase production to over ₹7.5 lakh crore from the current ₹2.3 lakh crore by 2025. 
    • Note : Capital goods are those used in manufacturing other goods.
  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for introduction of two Bills in the Parliament for certain amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950
    • These bills seek to modify the list of Scheduled Tribes in respect of five States, namely, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Tripura
    • They also seek identification of new communities in the Union Territory of Puducherry. 
    • The Bills add the following communities to the list of Scheduled Castes : 
      • Assam : Inclusion of Boro, Boro Kachari, Bodo, Bodo Kachari and Karbi (Mikir) communities in the list. 
      • Chhattisgarh : Inclusion of Bhuinya, Bhuiyan, Bhuyan, Dhanuhar/Dhanuwar,Kisan, Saunra, Saonra and Dhangad communities in the list. 
      • Jharkhand : Inclusion of Bhogta, Deshwari, Ganjhu, Dautalbandi (Dwalbandi), Patbandi, Raut, Maajhia, Khairi (Kheri) and Puran communities in the list. 
      • Tamil Nadu : Inclusion of Malayali Gounder, Narikoravan and  Kurivikkaran communities in the list. 
      • Tripura : Inclusion of Darlong community in the list. Puducherry: Identification (First Order) of Irular (including Villi and Vettaikaran).
  • Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu today announced that waitlisted and RAC (reservation against cancellation) ticket holders can now cancel their tickets by dialing 139
    • Earlier, this facility was available only for confirmed ticket holders. 
    • Online cancellation through 139, however, will be permitted only till 30 minutes before the scheduled departure of the train for RAC and waitlisted tickets.
  • The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD)  has decided to launch ASMITA, a student tracking system programme under Shala Asmita Yojana (SAY).
    • This programme will track the educational journey of 25 crore school students across 15 lakh schools, both private and government. 
    • The programme uses students' Aadhaar numbers to create a database regarding student attendance, enrolment, mid-day meal services, learning outcomes and infrastructural facilities.
    • ASMITA - All School Monitoring Individual Tracing Analysis

Business & Economy
  • The World Bank has launched Pandemic Emergency Finance Facility (FEP) to help countries and health agencies fight deadly disease outbreaks. 
    • FEP is a financing mechanism designed to quickly mobilize funds to tackle global disease outbreaks and create a new insurance market for pandemic risk. 
    • It was unveiled at the G-7 Finance Ministers Summit held in Ise-Shima, Japan. 
    • Japanese Government has committed to donate $50 million dollars to it, becoming the first donor.
  • Eurozone finance ministers have agreed to give Greece access to bailout loans of €10.3 billion ($11.5 billion) and short-term debt relief measures, such as locking in lower interest rates and easing repayment schedules. 
    • This is the second instalment of Greece’s third bailout package, worth €86 billion, agreed last August. 
    • Note : Greece’s debt stands at €321 billion, 180% of its GDP.
  • India today signed a $100 million loan deal with the World Bank to develop the Karnataka Urban Water Supply Modernisation Project that will provide piped water to different cities in the state. 
    • It will be implemented over the course of six years. 
    • Further, Hubbali-Dharwad twin cities have been chosen to start off the project.
  • Kaduna state in Nigeria has declared an emergency after moths destroyed 80% of the tomato produce
    • The wholesale price of a basket of tomatoes has risen to $212 from $1.50-$7.50.
  • Twitter today announced changes to its 140-character limit and names in replies and media attachments like photos, GIFs, videos and polls will no longer count as characters within a tweet in the coming months. 
    • The micro-blogging site will also let users Retweet their own tweets. 
    • Further, new tweets beginning with a username will reach all the followers.

Science & Technology
  • The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has decided to test an Air-breathing Propulsion System after successful test of Reusable launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstration (RLV-TD)
    • The testing of air-breathing propulsion system aims to capitalize on the oxygen in the atmosphere instead of liquefied oxygen while in flight. 
    • ISRO is evolving and testing various technologies to bring down the cost of launch vehicles and the air-breathing propulsion system is part of its new space endeavor.
  • Food regulator FSSAI has decided to remove Potassium Bromate from the list of permitted food additives. 
    • This comes after a study by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) claimed that potassium bromate – banned in several countries – is a cancer-causing agent
    • Note : Nearly 84% of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads contain potassium bromate.
    • FSSAI - Food Safety and Standards Authority of India 

Deaths
  • Afghan officials today confirmed the death of senior Taliban leader Mullah Muzamel, identified as the shadow governor of Helmand province.  
    • The report comes days after Taliban chief Mullah Akhtar Mansour was killed by an American airstrike in Pakistan.
  • Renowned Pink Panther star Burt Kwouk (85) passed away.
    • He was best known for playing Inspector Clouseau's manservant Cato in the Pink Panther films.

New Appointments
  • Pinarayi Vijayan took oath as the 22nd Chief Minister of Kerala today. 
    • He is a member of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and currently a member of its Politburo. 
    • He will be leading a 19-member cabinet of the LDF which includes alliance partners CPI and NCP.
    • Further, Vijayan will also handle the portfolios of Home and Vigilance.
  • Taliban named Mullah Haibatullah Akhunzada as their new Chief after confirming the death of former leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour.
  • Snapdeal-owned digital payments platform FreeCharge today appointed Govind Rajan as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and elevated Co-Founder and former CEO Kunal Shah as the company's Chairman.

Sports
  • Serbian tennis player Novak Djokovic has remained as number one ranked player for 200 weeks, thereby becoming the fifth player in the history of the sport to achieve this feat. 
    • He is also one week shy of 100-straightweeks at the top rank. 
    • The other four players are,
      •  Jimmy Connors (268), 
      • Ivan Lendl (270), 
      • Pete Sampras (286)
      • Roger Federer (302)
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    NABARD Preliminary Online Exam 2016 Results out

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    Friends, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has released the Results of it's Preliminary Online Examination for the Post of Assistant Manager in Grade `A' (RDBS) and Manager in Grade `B' (RDBS). As you know, the organization has conducted preliminary online exam for the recruitment of above mentioned posts on 15th May 2016. Now it has came out with the results of the same. You can check your results from below links. All the best :)
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    English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 25th May 2016

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    Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated May 25th 2016. Happy reading :)

    Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials. 


    Topic 1 : "Raising the stakes with Chabahar"

    • Stake - a share or a financial involvement in something such as a business
    • Trilateral - involving three groups or countries
    • Inked - signed (a contract / agreement)
    • Potential - someone's or something's ability to develop, achieve, or succeed
    • Ambivalence - having two opposing feelings at the same time
    • Take off - to start or be successful
    • Owing to - because of
    • Sanctions - an official order, such as the stopping of trade, that is taken against a country in order to make it obey international law
    • Significance - importance
    • Landlocked - (of a country or region) almost or entirely surrounded by land
    • Obstacle- something that blocks the movement / development
    • Metallurgy - the scientific study of the structures and uses of metals
    • Strategy - a detailed plan for achieving success in situations such as war, politics, business, industry, or sport
    • Situated - in a particular position
    • Centrepiece - the most important or attractive part of something
    • Gateway - a way of achieving something
    • Bypassing - to avoid something by going around it
    • Immense - extremely large or great
    • Big-ticket - expensive
    • Abroad - in or to a foreign country or countries
    • Far from consistent - not in a similar, positive way
    • Diplomacy - the management of relationships between countries
    • On an even keel - regular and well-balanced and not likely to change suddenly
    • Substantially - to a large degree (to a great extent)
    • Raised the bar - setting a higher standard of quality
    • Ambitions - goals
    • Bilateral - involving two groups or countries
    • Drift - to move slowly, without any control
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    24th May 2016 - Important Current Affairs updates

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    International Affairs
    • After 17 years of construction work, Switzerland is going to open world's longest and deepest train tunnel.
      • The Gotthard Base Tunnel will open for the first time on 1st June 2016, extending 57 km in length into the bowels of the earth 2,300 meters below the Gotthard massif in the Swiss Alps.
      • With speeds reaching up to 250 km/hr, the travel time from one end of the tunnel to the other will take just 20 minutes.
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    May 24, 2016

    English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 24th May 2016

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    Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated May 24th 2016. Happy reading :)

    Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials. 


    Topic 1 : "Death of a terrorist"
    • Thrown - to send suddenly into a particular state or condition
    • Insurgency - an occasion when a group of people attempt to take control of their country by force:
    • Crisis - a time of great difficulty or danger
    • Command - control over something and responsibility for it
    • Chaotic - in a state of complete confusion and disorder
    • Capture - take control over some place by force
    • Territory - an area of land that is considered as belonging to a particular country or person
    • Troops - soldiers on duty in a large group
    • Thwarted - to stop something from happening or someone from doing something
    • Unify - to bring together / combine
    • Bloodshed - killing and violence
    • Drone - a type of aircraft that does not have a pilot but is controlled by someone on the ground
    • Strike - a sudden attack, typically a military one
    • Province - an area that is governed as part of a country or an empire
    • Battleground - a place where a battle is being fought
    • Cohesive - the situation when the members of a group or society are united
    • Predecessor - someone who had a job or a position before someone else
    • Breakaway - an act of separating from a group, especially because of disagreement
    • Faction - a group within a larger group, especially one with slightly different ideas from the main group
    • Successor - someone that comes after another person
    • Resistance - the refusal to accept something
    • Persuade - cause (someone) to believe something / convince
    • Stage - to organize an event
    • Circumstances - events that change your life, over which you have no control
    • Restive - unwilling to be controlled
    • State-of-play - the way in which something is happening or developing
    • Negotiation - discussion aimed at reaching an agreement
    • Hard-nosed - practical and determined / tough-minded
    • Unleash - to suddenly release a violent force that cannot be controlled
    • Eventually - in the end
    • Prompting - the act of encouraging someone to do something
    • Press ahead - to start or continue doing something in a serious way, although it is difficult
    • Complacent - feeling so satisfied with your own abilities or situation that you feel you do not need to try any harder
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    Important Update about SBI PO Recruitment 2016

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    Friends, the State Bank of India (SBI) has extended the fee payment date of SBI PO Recruitment 2016 to 27th May 2016 (earlier it was 24th May 2016). You can check complete details below.

    Important Note : Today (24th May 2016) is the Last Date for online application. So apply as soon as possible if you haven't applied yet (you should apply before today's midnight). You can pay the application fee online upto 27th May 2016
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