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April 25, 2019

25th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (25th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 25th April 2019

International Current Affairs
  • Today (25th April) is World Malaria Day.
    • This day recognizes global efforts to control malaria.
    • Globally, 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria.
    • Theme for World Malaria Day 2019 : “Zero malaria starts with me
    • Important Note :
      • Wolrd Malaria Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns currently marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
      • Remaining days are,
        • World Health Day,
        • World Blood Donor Day,
        • World Immunization Week,
        • World Tuberculosis Day,
        • World No Tobacco Day,
        • World Hepatitis Day and
        • World AIDS Day
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un  began their 1st-ever talks in the Pacific port city of Vladivostok today. 
    • Mr. Putin said he supports ongoing efforts to ease tensions on the Korean peninsula and wants to boost bilateral economic ties. 
    • He said the North Korean leader's visit  to Russia  will help the two countries  to better understand how  to resolve the situation on the Korean peninsula.
  • The United Nations Security Council has adopted a resolution on sexual violence in conflicts that condemns the use of rape as a weapon of war.
Banking, Business & Economic Affairs
  • US tech giant Microsoft has briefly topped $1 trillion in market capitalisation for the 1st time after beating its quarterly earnings estimates.  
    • With this, Microsoft became world's 3rd trillion dollar company.
    • Note : Apple and Amazon are the only companies to have previously cracked the trillion-dollar milestone.
  • In the backdrop of the US refusal to extend the sanctions waiver for India to import crude from Iran, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has taken steps necessary steps to end the imports from Iran.
    • Even though India has urged the US to restore the sanction waivers it has decided to not to proceed with the purchase as the oil trade cannot happen in anticipation.
Recent Committees in News
  • The Economic Capital Framework committee tasked with framing guidelines for the transfer of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)'s surplus reserves is going to submit its report by June end.
    • The panel was formed in December 2018. 
    • Head of this panel :  Bimal Jalan (ex-RBI Governor)
    • The six-member panel includes RBI Deputy Governor NS Vishwanathan and Economic Affairs Secretary SC Garg.
MOUs & Agreements
  • The United Nations and the European Union (EU) have signed a joint framework aimed at strengthening partnership in counter-terrorism efforts
    • The framework was enacted on the occasion of the second EU-UN high-level political dialogue on Counter-Terrorism that was held in New York.
Awards & Honors
  • The Information and Broadcasting Ministry announced that the 66th National Film Awards will be declared after the general elections in compliance with the Model Code of Conduct. 
    • The ministry said in a statement that the power of media must not affect the level playing field during elections. 
    • Note : The National Film Awards are generally declared in April and presented in May every year.
Sports Current Affairs
  • Asian Games bronze medal winning Indian middle-distance runner P U Chitra won Gold medal in women’s 1500m at the Asian Athletics Championships in Doha. 
    • With this victory Chitra also qualified for the World Championships, which will be held later this year.
    • Asian Games silver medallist Dutee Chand clinched the bronze medal in 200-metre sprint.

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    English Language Model Practice Test for SBI PO 2019

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    SBI POs Prelims Model Paper

    Directions (Q.No. I - 10) : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words / phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

    Sustained fast growth of the economy requires a stable macroeconomic framework, policies that stimulate growth, and institutions (including laws and rules) that support competitive self- sustaining, job-creating business and promote employment opportunities. Though India's GDP growth rate has risen gradually to 7.6 per cent in 2015 - 16 (estimated), par-ts of the economy are being buffeted by global growth deceleration, capital market uncertainty and deflationary pressures. These have reduced nominal growth to 8.6 percent and put pressure on the globalised corporate sector, reducing the nominal growth rates of their sales and profits. The rural economy has been weakened by two consecutive droughts, the first such dual droughts since the end-1990s. In this article, we review the budget to identify what, if anything, it proposes to do about these issues.

    The 2016-17 budget implicitly recognises that a growth rate of 7.5 to 7.55 percent does not require an expansion of government expenditure or wide tax incentives, by sticking to the fiscal deficit target of 3.5 percent of the GDP for the next year. The decision to stick to fiscal targets enhances the credibility of the government, reduces the risk of contagion from world turmoil and sudden stops in capital flows and provides the basis for a reduction in policy inter-est rates by the RBI of up to 75 basic points. The proposed amendment of the RBI Act to create a monetary pol-icy committee will formalise flexible inflation targeting, enhance the credibility of the RBI and allow better monetary-fiscal policy balance.
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    April 24, 2019

    24th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (24th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 24th April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • Today (24th April) is World Day For Animals In Laboratories (also known as World Lab Animal Day).
      • This day was established in 1979 by the British National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS).
      • The date 24th April was chosen to observe this day, as it marked the birthday of former NAVS president Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding.
    • Today is Pinhole Photography day.
    • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un arrived today in Russia by train for his 1st meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. 
      • Kim will meet Putin in Vladivostok, located a few hours from the Russian-North Korean border by rail, tomorrow.
    • US President Donald Trump has accepted Queen Elizabeth's invitation to make a state visit to the UK from June 3-5. 
      • Trump will also hold a meeting with UK PM Theresa May. 
      • Trump's state visit is an "opportunity to strengthen our already close relationship and to discuss how we can build on these ties in the years ahead", May said.
    • Nepal’s President Bidya Devi Bhandari has left on a 9-day state visit to China
      • During the visit she will attend the 2nd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.
    National Current Affairs
    • Today (24th April) is National Panchayati Raj Day.
      • This date marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level.
      • Note : The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993 has institutionalized Panchayati Raj through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
    • The Union home ministry, in an attempt to improve investigations into cases of rape and sexual assault, has distributed more than 3,100 special kits for collecting blood and semen samples in addition to other evidence in different states and Union Territories (UT).
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    English Practice Test for Competitive Exams

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    Directions (Q. No. 1 - 10) : In the following questions, four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct one out of the four 
    1. We were second - class citizens and they treated us as __________________.
      1. same
      2. such
      3. so
      4. like
    2. News papers are often guilty of  ________________ the truth.
      1. devaluing
      2. distorting
      3. degrading
      4. divulging 
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    April 23, 2019

    23rd April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (23rd April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 23rd April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day is being observed today.
      • This day is organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to promote reading, publishing and copyright.
      • The first World Book Day was celebrated on 23 April 1995.
      • Important Points to Note :
        • Sharjah named World Book Capital for the year 2019.
        • Kuala Lumpur chosen as the World Book Capital for the year 2020.
    • Today (23rd April) is UN English Language Day.
      • The event was established by the UNESCO in 2010.
      • April 23 was chosen as the date for the English language because it is the birth  anniversary of greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist William Shakespeare.
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    English Language Practice Test for Bank Exams

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    Directions (Q.1-5) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5). 
    1. You can rely on him (1)/ and entrust him (2)/ with any responsible work (3)/ since he is true to his words. (4)/ No error (5).
    2. Such phenomena (1)/ has never been experienced by anyone (2)/ and if one persists with all zeal and effort, (3)/ one can attain them. (4)/ No error (5). 
    3. The Board of Directors have selected (1)/ three hundred males and three hundred females (2)/ among thousands of candidates (3)/ who have attended the interview. (4)/ No error (5). 
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    April 22, 2019

    21st & 22nd April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are the current affairs of 21st & 22nd April 2019. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 21st & 22nd April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • 49th International Earth Day is being observed on 22nd April 2019.
      • The world's first ever Earth Day was celebrated on 22nd April 1970, in the United States of America to increase public awareness about environmental problems. 
      • It was founded by United States Senator Gaylord Nelson, as a reaction to a massive oil spill in California in 1969.  
      • The aim of the day is to bring attention to environmental issues to spark changes that will result in a healthy, sustainable environment. 
      • Theme of International Earth Day 2019 : "Protect Our Species"
    • Iran and Pakistan are going to create a joint 'reaction force' on border between the two countries.
      • Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has said. The force, which was announced during Pakistan PM Imran Khan's visit to Iran, is intended to boost border security and foster bilateral ties. 
      • Note : Iran has been complaining for years about recurring attacks by Pakistani militants on its security forces.
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    LIC AAO 2019 Preliminary Online Exam Call Letters out

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    Friends, the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has released the call letters of LIC AAO Preliminary Online Exam 2019. As you know, the LIC has invited online applications for filling up of 590 Assistant Administrative Officers (AAOs) posts for the year 2019 from 2nd March 2019 to 22nd March 2019. Now it has came out with the Preliminary Online Exam call letters for the same. You can download your LIC AAO 2019 Prelims Call Letters and Information Handouts from the official website of Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) www.licindia.in or from below link by entering your Registration Number and Date of Birth / Password. The download link will remain active from today (22nd April 2019) to 5th April 2019. All the Best :)

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    Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

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    Tense is a form of a verb which is used to indicate the time, and sometimes the continuation or completeness, of an action in relation to the time of speaking. The origin of the word Tense is the latin word Tempus, which means Time. In simple words we can say that the Tense is a method which is used to refer to time - past, present and future. Tense tells you when the action happens.
    There are three main tenses
    • Present Tense
    • Past Tense and 
    • Future Tense
    Each main tense is divided into sub tenses like
    • Simple 
    • Continuous 
    • Perfect
    • Perfect Continuous tenses.
    lets have a look at the following table

    Tenses Table :




    Simple
    Continuous
    Perfect
    Perfect Progressive
    Present
    Write
    am/is/are writing
    have/has written
    have/has been writing
    Past
    Wrote
    was/were writing
    had written
    had been writing
    Future
    will / shall write
    will be / shall be writing
    will have / shall have  written
    will have been /
    shall have been finishing



    Now lets discuss the usage of tenses. I mean when, where and how to use tenses.

    Usage of Tenses : 


    Present Simple : A present simple tense is used,
    • to show a regular or habitual actions or a universal truth
      • Eg :
        • The sun rises in the east
        • He goes to school at 9.AM everyday
    • in future clauses of time and condition
      • Eg :
        • If it rains, I shall not come
        • I shall come as soon as I finish my homework.
    Present Continuous : A Present continuous tense is used,
    • to show an action which is now in progress
      • Eg :
        • The servant is watering the plants
        • The children are playing outside
    • to show a temporary action which is not actually in progress at that time.
      • Eg
        • Now I am reading Gr8AmbitionZ.
        • He is staying with his uncle.
    • to show as already decided future action.
      • Eg :
        • We are going for a movie today evening.
        • The Prime minister is visiting the cities tomorrow.
    Present Perfect : A present perfect tense is used,
    • to show an action completed in the immediate past.
      • Eg :
        • He has just left the class.
        • We have just decided to go for a movie.
    • to show a past action where the time of action is unknown or indefinite.
      • Eg:
        • He has gone to Bombay.
        • I have seen you some where.
    • to talk of a past action extending up to the present.
      • Eg :
        • Forty years have passed since India became Independent.
        • He has been in hospital since Monday.
    Present Perfect Continuous :
    • A Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to show an action already started and still going on.
      • Eg
        • He has been waiting for you for two hours.
        • I have been staying here since 1985.
    Past Simple : A Past simple tense is used,
    • to show an action completed in the past
      • Eg :
        • I got your letter last week.
        • He went to Bombay yesterday.
    • to show a discontinued past habitual action.
      • Eg :
        • We met in my house on every Sunday last year.
        • While in Bombay I went for a movie on every Sunday.
    Past Continuous : 
    • A past continuous tense is used to show an action which was going on at a particular time in the past.
      • Eg :
        • When I saw him he was reading a novel.
        • He jumped out of the train while it was moving.
    Past Perfect : 
    • A Past Perfect tense is used to show an action which was over at a past time.
      • Eg :
        • The train had left before we reached the station.
        • I had finished my work before the guests arrived.
    Past Perfect Continuous :
    • A past perfect continuous tense is used to show an action started earlier and was going on up-to a particular time in the past.
      • Eg :
        • When I joined the college Mr. Sharma had been teaching there for three years.
        • When I met him he had been painting a picture for three days.
    Future Simple : 
    • A Future Simple tense is used to show an action which is yet to happen.
      • Eg :
        • The classes will commence on next Monday.
        • I shall meet you next week.
    Future Continuous :
    • A Future Continuous tense is used to show an action which will be over at a particular time in the future.
      • Eg :
        • When I reach home,. my friends will be waiting for me.
        • When you come tomorrow I shall be writing the notes.
    Future Perfect :
    • A Future Perfect tense is used to show an action which will be over at a particular time in the future.
      • Eg :
        • By the time we reach there, the classes will have started.
        • Your uncle will have left for office before you reach there.
    Future Perfect Continuous :
    • A Future Perfect Continuous is used to show an already started action which will be going on for a particular time in the future.
      • Eg:
        • By the end of this year, we will have been studying here for five years.
    Thats all for now friends. You can download short notes on Tenses with examples form here
    Read more English grammar tips from here

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    April 20, 2019

    20th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (20th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 20th April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • US President Donald Trump is going to visit Japan next month and become the 1st world leader to meet Crown Prince Naruhito after he's crowned Japan's new emperor on May 1. 
      • Naruhito's 85-year-old father, Emperor Akihito, is ending his three-decade reign on April 30 by abdicating.
      • During his visit, Trump will also hold a bilateral meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
    • Egyptians are voting in a referendum that aims to cement the rule of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the former coup leader. 
      • The 3-day plebiscite is expected to approve sweeping constitutional changes that will extend Sisi's term until at least 2024.
    • Malaysia has resumed a China-backed rail link project after the Chinese contractor agreed to cut the construction cost by one third to 10.6 billion US dollars.
      • The Malaysian government said it will also take up a multibillion-dollar property and transportation project in Kuala Lumpur involving a Chinese state company, calling it a contribution to China's global "Belt and Road" infrastructure initiative.
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