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April 30, 2019

30th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (30th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 30th April 2019

International Current Affairs
  • Today (30th April) is International Jazz Day.
    • This day is  organized by UNESCO to celebrate “the virtues of jazz as an educational tool, and a force for peace, unity, dialogue and enhanced cooperation among people.”
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman attended the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation (SCO) Defence Ministers' conclave held at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan.
    • During the conclave, ways to further boost defence and security cooperation among the member countries in the wake of evolving security challenges in the region were discussed.
    • On the sidelines, Ms Sitharaman held bilateral meetings with her Chinese and Russian counterparts and Chief of General Staff of Kyrgyz Armed Forces. 
    • Key bilateral defence issues, including defence co-operation, were discussed.
    • Note : India became a full member of the SCO in 2017.
  • Current Emperor of Japan Akihito today became the 1st Japanese Emperor to step down from the throne in more than 200 years. 
    • The 85-year-old was given legal permission to abdicate after saying he felt unable to fulfil his role because of his age and declining health. 
    • Note : Akihito's son, Crown Prince Naruhito, will ascend the Chrysanthemum throne tomorrow, beginning a new era.
  • Lebanon’s capital Beirut has set a new Guinness World Record for most number of national flags displayed in one city for 24 hours.
    • By raising a total of 26,852 Lebanese flags for 24 hours Beirut broke the record of New York’s Waterloo of raising 25,599 flags.
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April 29, 2019

29th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (29th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 29th April 2019

International Current Affairs
  • Today (29th April) is International Dance Day / World Dance Day.
    • The day was introduced in 1982 by the International Dance Committee of the UNESCO International Theatre Institute.
    • The date was chosen to commemorate the birthday of Jean-Georges Noverre, who was born in 1727, a French dancer and ballet master and a great reformer of dance. 
  • Today is the "Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare".
    • This day is officially recognised by the United Nations (UN) and has been celebrated since 2005.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is on a 3 day isit to Bishkek (capital of Kyrgyzstan) to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Defence Ministers' Meet.
    • During this visit, she held a bilateral meeting with her Chinese counterpart  General Wei Fenghe today. 
    • During this meet, the SCO Defence Ministers will explore ways to further boost defence and security cooperation among the member countries in the wake of evolving security challenges in the region.
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April 28, 2019

28th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (28th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 28th April 2019

International Current Affairs
  • Today (28th April) is Workers' Memorial Day / World Day for Safety and Health at Work.
    • This is an international day of remembrance and action for workers killed, disabled, injured or made unwell by their work.
    • Theme of Workers' Memorial Day 2019 : “Dangerous substances – get them out of the workplace
  • The 2nd Belt and Road Forum (BRF) was held in Beijing, China. 
    • It serves as stocktaking exercise for China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). 
    • It saw participation of 126 countries and 29 international organisations, increase from 60 countries and international organisations seen in in first edition of BRF 2017. 
    • Chinese President Xi Jinping’s chaired leaders’ roundtable, high-level meeting and thematic forum in this edition of three day BRF event.
    • Note : India did not participate in this edition as well as in first edition of BRF.
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April 27, 2019

27th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (27th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 27th April 2019

International Current Affairs
  • The 5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Media Summit on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness is being held at Kathmandu (Nepal).
    • Nepal’s Minister for Communication and Information Technology Gokul Prasad Baskota inaugurated the summit.
    • Aim of the summit : To address the issue of fully utilizing media’s potential of accelerating climate action and disaster preparedness and connect stakeholders to media professionals for collaboration and joint practical projects
    • Over 200 participants including political leaders, representatives of UN agencies and NGOs, climate change and disaster management experts, scientists and media persons are attending the summit.
    • Theme of the summit : “Media Solutions for Sustainable Future: Saving Lives, Building Resilient Communities”.
Banking, Business & Economic Affairs
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced it is going to issue new ₹20 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series
    • Major Highlights of the Note :
      • Motif : Ellora Caves on the reverse
      • Base colour : Greenish Yellow
      • Dimension : 63 mm x 129 mm
      • Front Side :
        • See through register with denominational numeral 20
        • Denominational numeral २० in Devnagari
        • Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi at the centre
        • Micro letters ‘RBI’, ‘भारत ‘, ‘INDIA’ and ’20’
        • Windowed demetalised security thread with inscriptions ‘भारत’ and RBI
        • Guarantee Clause, Governor’s signature with Promise Clause and RBI emblem towards right of Mahatma Gandhi portrait
        • Ashoka Pillar emblem on the right
        • Mahatma Gandhi portrait and electrotype (20) watermarks
        • Number panel with numerals growing from small to big on the top left side and bottom right side.
      • Back Side :
        • Year of printing of the note on the left
        • Swachh Bharat logo with slogan
        • Language panel
        • Motif of Ellora Caves
        • Denominational numeral २० in Devnagari.
 Awards & Honors
  • Derek C Lalchhanhima, a 6-year-old Mizoram boy who rushed a chicken to hospital after he accidentally ran over it with his cycle, has received 'Compassionate Kid' award by PETA India
    • The organisation acknowledged his action for being an inspiration to other children. 
    • PETA - People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Science & Technology
  • Harvard University scientists have successfully transmitted radio frequency using semiconductor laser for the 1st time, resulting in the "1st step towards ultra-high-speed WiFi". 
    • The researchers' development can use lasers to emit microwaves, modulate them and receive external radio frequency signals. 
    • Note : The 1st sound data transmitted was American actor-singer Dean Martin's song 'Volare'.
New Appointments
  • Romania's Doru Isac has replaced Savio Medeira as the new technical director of the Indian Football Team
    • Savio Medeira had been serving as the technical director since Scott O'Donnell resigned from the post
Sports Current Affairs
  • In shooting  Abhishek Verma secured India's 5th Olympic quota place by winning the 10m air pistol Gold medal at the ISSF World Cup at Beijing, China today. 
    • He clinched the top spot with a total score of 242.7.
    • This is India's fifth 2020 Tokyo Olympic quota after Anjum Moudgil and Apurvi Chandela (10m air rifle women), Saurabh Choudhary (10m Air Pistol men) and Divyansh had secured berths in the earlier World Cups and last year's World Championship.
  • The BCCI has recommended Indian men's cricket team all-rounder Ravindra Jadeja, fast bowlers Mohammad Shami and Jasprit Bumrah, and Indian women's cricket team spinner Poonam Yadav for the Arjuna Award
    • Bumrah is currently the world number one ODI bowler, while Jadeja is the world number three Test all-rounder. 
    • Poonam Yadav is ranked second in women's T20I rankings for bowlers.
  • Australia's 31-year-old umpire Claire Polosak has become the 1st ever woman to officiate in a men's ODI. 
    • Polosak achieved the feat after taking the field in the final of the World Cricket League Division 2 between Oman and Namibia today. 
  • India bagged a Gold and two Silver medals at the Asian Boxing Championships in Bangkok today.
    • With this, India has won 13 medals, including two gold, four silver and seven bronze.

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    RBI to release 'Greenish Yellow’ Rs 20 Note : Highlights

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    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is going to release new Rs. 20 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series. The new Rs. 20 note will be “greenish yellow” in colour. This new note bears the signature of present govrnor of RBI, Shaktikanta Das. Apart from the motif of Ellora caves, the note would also carry common features like Mahatma Gandhi’s portrait, the Ashoka pillar and Swachh Bharat logo.Dimension of this new note will be 63 mm x 129 mm. Here are the major highlights of the newly introduced Rs. 20 note.

    Highlights of new RBI Rs. 20 Note

    Motif : Ellora Caves on the reverse 

    Base colour : Greenish Yellow.

    Dimension : 63 mm x 129 mm

    Obverse (Front)

    • See through register with denominational numeral 20
    • Denominational numeral २० in Devnagari
    • Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi at the centre
    • Micro letters ‘RBI’, ‘भारत ‘, ‘INDIA’ and ’20’
    • Windowed demetalised security thread with inscriptions ‘भारत’ and RBI
    • Guarantee Clause, Governor’s signature with Promise Clause and RBI emblem towards right of Mahatma Gandhi portrait
    • Ashoka Pillar emblem on the right
    • Mahatma Gandhi portrait and electrotype (20) watermarks
    • Number panel with numerals growing from small to big on the top left side and bottom right side.
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    April 26, 2019

    26th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (26th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 26th April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • Today (26th April) is World Intellectual Property Day.
      • The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe".
      • 26 April was chosen as the date to celebrate this day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.
      • Theme of World Intellectual Property Day 2019 : "Reach for Gold: IP and Sports."
    National Current Affairs
    • A 35-member women police team named 'Sthree Shakthi' was launched in Andhra Pradesh's Visakhapatnam today. 
      • The team, which has woman ASIs, head constables, police constables and home guards, was provided with 25 vehicles and trained in swimming, driving and self-defence for one month. Andhra DGP RP Thakur said, "Our prime concern is to ensure safety to women."
    • In a first, the Indian Army began recruiting women jawans by releasing an advertisement calling for women to join as Soldier General Duty (Women Military Police)
      • This comes after the Defence Ministry in January announced the decision to induct women as jawans in the Army.
      • Note : Until now, women were being recruited in the Army in officer ranks.
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    April 25, 2019

    25th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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    Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (25th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

    Daily Current Affairs of 25th April 2019

    International Current Affairs
    • Today (25th April) is World Malaria Day.
      • This day recognizes global efforts to control malaria.
      • Globally, 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria.
      • Theme for World Malaria Day 2019 : “Zero malaria starts with me
      • Important Note :
        • Wolrd Malaria Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns currently marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
        • Remaining days are,
          • World Health Day,
          • World Blood Donor Day,
          • World Immunization Week,
          • World Tuberculosis Day,
          • World No Tobacco Day,
          • World Hepatitis Day and
          • World AIDS Day
    • Russian President Vladimir Putin and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un  began their 1st-ever talks in the Pacific port city of Vladivostok today. 
      • Mr. Putin said he supports ongoing efforts to ease tensions on the Korean peninsula and wants to boost bilateral economic ties. 
      • He said the North Korean leader's visit  to Russia  will help the two countries  to better understand how  to resolve the situation on the Korean peninsula.
    • The United Nations Security Council has adopted a resolution on sexual violence in conflicts that condemns the use of rape as a weapon of war.
    Banking, Business & Economic Affairs
    • US tech giant Microsoft has briefly topped $1 trillion in market capitalisation for the 1st time after beating its quarterly earnings estimates.  
      • With this, Microsoft became world's 3rd trillion dollar company.
      • Note : Apple and Amazon are the only companies to have previously cracked the trillion-dollar milestone.
    • In the backdrop of the US refusal to extend the sanctions waiver for India to import crude from Iran, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has taken steps necessary steps to end the imports from Iran.
      • Even though India has urged the US to restore the sanction waivers it has decided to not to proceed with the purchase as the oil trade cannot happen in anticipation.
    Recent Committees in News
    • The Economic Capital Framework committee tasked with framing guidelines for the transfer of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)'s surplus reserves is going to submit its report by June end.
      • The panel was formed in December 2018. 
      • Head of this panel :  Bimal Jalan (ex-RBI Governor)
      • The six-member panel includes RBI Deputy Governor NS Vishwanathan and Economic Affairs Secretary SC Garg.
    MOUs & Agreements
    • The United Nations and the European Union (EU) have signed a joint framework aimed at strengthening partnership in counter-terrorism efforts
      • The framework was enacted on the occasion of the second EU-UN high-level political dialogue on Counter-Terrorism that was held in New York.
    Awards & Honors
    • The Information and Broadcasting Ministry announced that the 66th National Film Awards will be declared after the general elections in compliance with the Model Code of Conduct. 
      • The ministry said in a statement that the power of media must not affect the level playing field during elections. 
      • Note : The National Film Awards are generally declared in April and presented in May every year.
    Sports Current Affairs
    • Asian Games bronze medal winning Indian middle-distance runner P U Chitra won Gold medal in women’s 1500m at the Asian Athletics Championships in Doha. 
      • With this victory Chitra also qualified for the World Championships, which will be held later this year.
      • Asian Games silver medallist Dutee Chand clinched the bronze medal in 200-metre sprint.

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      English Language Model Practice Test for SBI PO 2019

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      SBI POs Prelims Model Paper

      Directions (Q.No. I - 10) : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words / phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

      Sustained fast growth of the economy requires a stable macroeconomic framework, policies that stimulate growth, and institutions (including laws and rules) that support competitive self- sustaining, job-creating business and promote employment opportunities. Though India's GDP growth rate has risen gradually to 7.6 per cent in 2015 - 16 (estimated), par-ts of the economy are being buffeted by global growth deceleration, capital market uncertainty and deflationary pressures. These have reduced nominal growth to 8.6 percent and put pressure on the globalised corporate sector, reducing the nominal growth rates of their sales and profits. The rural economy has been weakened by two consecutive droughts, the first such dual droughts since the end-1990s. In this article, we review the budget to identify what, if anything, it proposes to do about these issues.

      The 2016-17 budget implicitly recognises that a growth rate of 7.5 to 7.55 percent does not require an expansion of government expenditure or wide tax incentives, by sticking to the fiscal deficit target of 3.5 percent of the GDP for the next year. The decision to stick to fiscal targets enhances the credibility of the government, reduces the risk of contagion from world turmoil and sudden stops in capital flows and provides the basis for a reduction in policy inter-est rates by the RBI of up to 75 basic points. The proposed amendment of the RBI Act to create a monetary pol-icy committee will formalise flexible inflation targeting, enhance the credibility of the RBI and allow better monetary-fiscal policy balance.
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      April 24, 2019

      24th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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      Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (24th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

      Daily Current Affairs of 24th April 2019

      International Current Affairs
      • Today (24th April) is World Day For Animals In Laboratories (also known as World Lab Animal Day).
        • This day was established in 1979 by the British National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS).
        • The date 24th April was chosen to observe this day, as it marked the birthday of former NAVS president Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding.
      • Today is Pinhole Photography day.
      • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un arrived today in Russia by train for his 1st meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. 
        • Kim will meet Putin in Vladivostok, located a few hours from the Russian-North Korean border by rail, tomorrow.
      • US President Donald Trump has accepted Queen Elizabeth's invitation to make a state visit to the UK from June 3-5. 
        • Trump will also hold a meeting with UK PM Theresa May. 
        • Trump's state visit is an "opportunity to strengthen our already close relationship and to discuss how we can build on these ties in the years ahead", May said.
      • Nepal’s President Bidya Devi Bhandari has left on a 9-day state visit to China
        • During the visit she will attend the 2nd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.
      National Current Affairs
      • Today (24th April) is National Panchayati Raj Day.
        • This date marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level.
        • Note : The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993 has institutionalized Panchayati Raj through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
      • The Union home ministry, in an attempt to improve investigations into cases of rape and sexual assault, has distributed more than 3,100 special kits for collecting blood and semen samples in addition to other evidence in different states and Union Territories (UT).
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      English Practice Test for Competitive Exams

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      Directions (Q. No. 1 - 10) : In the following questions, four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct one out of the four 
      1. We were second - class citizens and they treated us as __________________.
        1. same
        2. such
        3. so
        4. like
      2. News papers are often guilty of  ________________ the truth.
        1. devaluing
        2. distorting
        3. degrading
        4. divulging 
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      April 23, 2019

      23rd April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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      Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (23rd April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

      Daily Current Affairs of 23rd April 2019

      International Current Affairs
      • World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day is being observed today.
        • This day is organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to promote reading, publishing and copyright.
        • The first World Book Day was celebrated on 23 April 1995.
        • Important Points to Note :
          • Sharjah named World Book Capital for the year 2019.
          • Kuala Lumpur chosen as the World Book Capital for the year 2020.
      • Today (23rd April) is UN English Language Day.
        • The event was established by the UNESCO in 2010.
        • April 23 was chosen as the date for the English language because it is the birth  anniversary of greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist William Shakespeare.
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      English Language Practice Test for Bank Exams

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      Directions (Q.1-5) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5). 
      1. You can rely on him (1)/ and entrust him (2)/ with any responsible work (3)/ since he is true to his words. (4)/ No error (5).
      2. Such phenomena (1)/ has never been experienced by anyone (2)/ and if one persists with all zeal and effort, (3)/ one can attain them. (4)/ No error (5). 
      3. The Board of Directors have selected (1)/ three hundred males and three hundred females (2)/ among thousands of candidates (3)/ who have attended the interview. (4)/ No error (5). 
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      April 22, 2019

      21st & 22nd April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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      Dear Great Ambitionists, here are the current affairs of 21st & 22nd April 2019. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

      Daily Current Affairs of 21st & 22nd April 2019

      International Current Affairs
      • 49th International Earth Day is being observed on 22nd April 2019.
        • The world's first ever Earth Day was celebrated on 22nd April 1970, in the United States of America to increase public awareness about environmental problems. 
        • It was founded by United States Senator Gaylord Nelson, as a reaction to a massive oil spill in California in 1969.  
        • The aim of the day is to bring attention to environmental issues to spark changes that will result in a healthy, sustainable environment. 
        • Theme of International Earth Day 2019 : "Protect Our Species"
      • Iran and Pakistan are going to create a joint 'reaction force' on border between the two countries.
        • Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has said. The force, which was announced during Pakistan PM Imran Khan's visit to Iran, is intended to boost border security and foster bilateral ties. 
        • Note : Iran has been complaining for years about recurring attacks by Pakistani militants on its security forces.
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      LIC AAO 2019 Preliminary Online Exam Call Letters out

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      Friends, the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has released the call letters of LIC AAO Preliminary Online Exam 2019. As you know, the LIC has invited online applications for filling up of 590 Assistant Administrative Officers (AAOs) posts for the year 2019 from 2nd March 2019 to 22nd March 2019. Now it has came out with the Preliminary Online Exam call letters for the same. You can download your LIC AAO 2019 Prelims Call Letters and Information Handouts from the official website of Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) www.licindia.in or from below link by entering your Registration Number and Date of Birth / Password. The download link will remain active from today (22nd April 2019) to 5th April 2019. All the Best :)

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      Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

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      Tense is a form of a verb which is used to indicate the time, and sometimes the continuation or completeness, of an action in relation to the time of speaking. The origin of the word Tense is the latin word Tempus, which means Time. In simple words we can say that the Tense is a method which is used to refer to time - past, present and future. Tense tells you when the action happens.
      There are three main tenses
      • Present Tense
      • Past Tense and 
      • Future Tense
      Each main tense is divided into sub tenses like
      • Simple 
      • Continuous 
      • Perfect
      • Perfect Continuous tenses.
      lets have a look at the following table

      Tenses Table :




      Simple
      Continuous
      Perfect
      Perfect Progressive
      Present
      Write
      am/is/are writing
      have/has written
      have/has been writing
      Past
      Wrote
      was/were writing
      had written
      had been writing
      Future
      will / shall write
      will be / shall be writing
      will have / shall have  written
      will have been /
      shall have been finishing



      Now lets discuss the usage of tenses. I mean when, where and how to use tenses.

      Usage of Tenses : 


      Present Simple : A present simple tense is used,
      • to show a regular or habitual actions or a universal truth
        • Eg :
          • The sun rises in the east
          • He goes to school at 9.AM everyday
      • in future clauses of time and condition
        • Eg :
          • If it rains, I shall not come
          • I shall come as soon as I finish my homework.
      Present Continuous : A Present continuous tense is used,
      • to show an action which is now in progress
        • Eg :
          • The servant is watering the plants
          • The children are playing outside
      • to show a temporary action which is not actually in progress at that time.
        • Eg
          • Now I am reading Gr8AmbitionZ.
          • He is staying with his uncle.
      • to show as already decided future action.
        • Eg :
          • We are going for a movie today evening.
          • The Prime minister is visiting the cities tomorrow.
      Present Perfect : A present perfect tense is used,
      • to show an action completed in the immediate past.
        • Eg :
          • He has just left the class.
          • We have just decided to go for a movie.
      • to show a past action where the time of action is unknown or indefinite.
        • Eg:
          • He has gone to Bombay.
          • I have seen you some where.
      • to talk of a past action extending up to the present.
        • Eg :
          • Forty years have passed since India became Independent.
          • He has been in hospital since Monday.
      Present Perfect Continuous :
      • A Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to show an action already started and still going on.
        • Eg
          • He has been waiting for you for two hours.
          • I have been staying here since 1985.
      Past Simple : A Past simple tense is used,
      • to show an action completed in the past
        • Eg :
          • I got your letter last week.
          • He went to Bombay yesterday.
      • to show a discontinued past habitual action.
        • Eg :
          • We met in my house on every Sunday last year.
          • While in Bombay I went for a movie on every Sunday.
      Past Continuous : 
      • A past continuous tense is used to show an action which was going on at a particular time in the past.
        • Eg :
          • When I saw him he was reading a novel.
          • He jumped out of the train while it was moving.
      Past Perfect : 
      • A Past Perfect tense is used to show an action which was over at a past time.
        • Eg :
          • The train had left before we reached the station.
          • I had finished my work before the guests arrived.
      Past Perfect Continuous :
      • A past perfect continuous tense is used to show an action started earlier and was going on up-to a particular time in the past.
        • Eg :
          • When I joined the college Mr. Sharma had been teaching there for three years.
          • When I met him he had been painting a picture for three days.
      Future Simple : 
      • A Future Simple tense is used to show an action which is yet to happen.
        • Eg :
          • The classes will commence on next Monday.
          • I shall meet you next week.
      Future Continuous :
      • A Future Continuous tense is used to show an action which will be over at a particular time in the future.
        • Eg :
          • When I reach home,. my friends will be waiting for me.
          • When you come tomorrow I shall be writing the notes.
      Future Perfect :
      • A Future Perfect tense is used to show an action which will be over at a particular time in the future.
        • Eg :
          • By the time we reach there, the classes will have started.
          • Your uncle will have left for office before you reach there.
      Future Perfect Continuous :
      • A Future Perfect Continuous is used to show an already started action which will be going on for a particular time in the future.
        • Eg:
          • By the end of this year, we will have been studying here for five years.
      Thats all for now friends. You can download short notes on Tenses with examples form here
      Read more English grammar tips from here

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      April 20, 2019

      20th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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      Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (20th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

      Daily Current Affairs of 20th April 2019

      International Current Affairs
      • US President Donald Trump is going to visit Japan next month and become the 1st world leader to meet Crown Prince Naruhito after he's crowned Japan's new emperor on May 1. 
        • Naruhito's 85-year-old father, Emperor Akihito, is ending his three-decade reign on April 30 by abdicating.
        • During his visit, Trump will also hold a bilateral meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
      • Egyptians are voting in a referendum that aims to cement the rule of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the former coup leader. 
        • The 3-day plebiscite is expected to approve sweeping constitutional changes that will extend Sisi's term until at least 2024.
      • Malaysia has resumed a China-backed rail link project after the Chinese contractor agreed to cut the construction cost by one third to 10.6 billion US dollars.
        • The Malaysian government said it will also take up a multibillion-dollar property and transportation project in Kuala Lumpur involving a Chinese state company, calling it a contribution to China's global "Belt and Road" infrastructure initiative.
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      Tips to solve General English Section of SBI POs and Clerks Exams 2019

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      The banking sector attracts hordes of young unemployed people to its recruitment drives because of the security, handsome salary and great career prospects that it offers. As a result, the competition for bank jobs increases day by day. The present announcement of 2000 posts as Probationary Officers and 8593 posts as Clerks in State Bank of India (SBI) for the year 2019 has arrested the attention of the job seekers. All the aspirants have seriously started their preparation, but some of them are in a confused state of mind about how to prepare and solve the questions related to English language.
      Here are a few tips and techniques that can help you prepare well and take the exam confidently. Though the exam is difficult and the competition is high, the right kind of preparation makes you dream come true. In order to achieve the goal of securing the job, the first thing that you should do is to have a good glance at the syllabus prescribed. Once you have familiarized yourselves with the syllabus, you can have a clear picture of the test. You can analyze which areas need more attention and which others you can handle easily. You can schedule your preparation according to the duration of the time avail-able till the exam date.

      General English Part 

      As far as general English part is considered, it poses 30 multiple choice questions for Clerks and POs in Prelims, 40 multiple choice questions for Clerks and 35 questions for POs in Main Exams comprising Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary in Context, Sentence Completion, Spotting the Errors, Sentence Improvement, Cloze Test and Rearrangement of Jumbled Sentences into a paragraph. If you keenly observe the previous question papers of SBI, you come to a conclusion that the above mentioned areas are the syllabus for the test.
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      April 19, 2019

      19th April 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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      Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (19th April 2019) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

      Daily Current Affairs of 19th April 2019

      International Current Affairs
      • Good Friday, which commemorates the crucification of Jesus Christ and his deat at Calvary, is being observed around the world today today.
        • Good Friday is also referred to as Black Friday, Great Friday, Easter Friday or Holy Friday. 
        • Note : Good Friday coincides with the beginning of the Jewish festival of Passover.
      • Today (19th April) is World Liver Day (WLD).
        • Theme of World Liver Day (WLD) 2019 : Love Your Liver
      • India and France are all set to hold their largest-ever naval exercise 'Varuna' with aircraft carriers, destroyers, submarines and fighters early next month as part of their expanding strategic partnership.
        • The two countries will be deploying their aircraft carriers, INS Vikramaditya with its MiG-29K fighters and FNS Charles de Gaulle with its Rafale-M naval jets, and other warships for the “Varuna” exercise off Goa and Karwar from May 1.
      • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is going to visit Russia for his first meeting with President Vladimir Putin later this month.
        • Kim is visiting Russia on Putin's invitation. 
        • The meeting between Kim and Putin comes as nuclear talks between North Korea and the US have stalled since the failed negotiations in Hanoi earlier this year.
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      SBI Clerks 2019 English Language Practice Test

      Hi friends, I am Shravan again. Here I am sharing English Language practice test for upcoming SBI POs, Clerks 2019 and other competitive exams, taken from news papers. Happy Reading :)

      Note : Cloze Test is one of the easiest topics in the examination. These questions are easy and help you improve your performance. If you are confused between two options, then move onto to the next question, solve it and come back to the question where you are confused. You will now have a better idea about the correct choice. 

      Directions (Q1-5) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, It any will be In one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer Is (5). 

      1. The celebrities that organised (1)/ the marathon were aiming (2)/ to create an awareness (3)/ about the treatment of diabetes. (4)/ No error. (5)


      2. There will be several (1)/ new visa application centres opened (2)/ in metros across the country (3)/ to easy the pressure on embassies. (4)/ No error. (5)


      3. The Director asked me (1)/ how I have not (2)/ taken his permission (3)/ before applying for the new job. (4)/ No error. (5)


      4. Kiranmayi is too busy (1)/ in her present (2)/ programmes to take (3)/ up any new ones. (4)/ No error. (5)


      5. Villagers want to build (1)/ a bridge crossed the river (2)/ to connect their village (3)/ to the highway. (4)/ No error. (5)


      Directions (Q6-10) : which of the phrases (1), (2), (3), (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrase in bold to make the sentence grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (5) as the answer. 

      6. For centuries, undergoing a recession and large cuts in public spending seem to be the ordering of the day. 
      1. be ordering of the day 
      2. being the order of the day 
      3. be the order of the day 
      4. being ordering of the day 
      5. No correction required 
      7. I had severe doubts about If I successfully run a company, but my father encouraged.
      1. if I am successful in 
      2. how should I successfully 
      3. whether I could successfully 
      4. that I would succeed to 
      5. No correction required 
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