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August 31, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 31st August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 31st August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials 

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Après le déluge: on the Mumbai floods"

  • Après le déluge - After us, the flood (a French expression)
  • Infrastructure - the set of systems within a place or organization that affect how well it operates, for example the telephone and transport systems in a country
  • Protocol -  a set of rules for the correct way to behave on formal occasions
  • Deluge - a lot of things all happening or arriving at the same time, especially if they are hard to deal with
  • Paralysis - the state of being completely unable to operate normally or effectively
  • Resilience - ability to quickly return to a previous good condition
  • Extreme - very unusual
  • Nucleus -  the central or basic part of something
  • Implication - a possible effect or result
  • Disaster - something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people
  • Distressing - making you feel extremely unhappy, worried, or upset
  • Wrangling - having a long, complicated dispute or argument
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Banking Awareness in Simple Language - Lesson 23

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Dear Gr8 Ambitionists, I am Krishna. I shared Banking Awareness lessons in simple language for IBPS PO and Clerical exams of the year 2016. I want to continue the same for upcoming IBPS PO VII, Clerks VII and Regional Rural Bank exams too. I will continue from where I stopped. I have shared 22 lessons so far. So today I am continuing with the 23rd lesson. I request you to read all these 22 lessons from below links before proceeding to this lesson 23. Happy Reading :)

Banking Awareness Lessons in Simple Language

In our previous Banking Awareness Lesson 22, we have learnt about namely CBS, Payment & Settlement System in India, IFSC, MICR, CTS, NFS, SFMS and important years of the evolution of Payments System in India. In today's lesson we shall learn about Bank Risks and Risk Management. As you need to review all the 22 lessons above, today's lesson will be short and simple.

Banking Awareness 2017 : Bank Risks & Risk Management


Bank Risks

In the course of their operations, banks need to face various types of risks that may have potentially negative effect on their business. There are 8 types of risks.  We can classify these risks in three categories. They are :
  1. Major Risks
    1. Credit Risk
    2. Market Risk
    3. Operatically Risk
  2. Other Significant Risks
    1. Liquidity Risk
    2. Business Risk
    3. Reputational Risk
  3. Unrelated Risks 
    1. Systematic Risk
    2. Moral Hazard
Now let's learn about them in detail
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Computer Knowledge Quiz - Memory (Set 3)

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  1. ROM stands for 
    1. Read Of Memory
    2. Ride Only Memory
    3. Read Only Memory
    4. Read Only Message
    5. None of these 
  2. ROM is composed of
    1. Magnetic cores
    2. Micro-processors
    3. Photoelectric cells
    4. Floppy disks
    5. None of these
  3. _______________ is the permanent memory built into your computer called. 
    1. ROM
    2. CPU
    3. DVD-ROM
    4. RAM
    5. None of these 
  4. Which of the following is an example of storage devices ?
    1.  DVDs
    2. CDs
    3. Magnetic disk
    4. All of these
    5. None of these 
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31st August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (31st August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 31st August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • Swiss president Doris Leuthard is on 3-day visit to India.
    • During this visit, India and Switzerland will hold extensive talks on entire gamut of bilateral relationship including on ways to ramp up trade and investment ties.
    • Leuthard will meet President Ram Nath Kovind and hold talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    • In the talks, the Indian side may raise the issue of black money stashed by Indians in Swiss banks.
  • The annual La Tomatina festival was held in Spanish town Buñol today, amid increased security following several terror attacks. 
    • Considered the Biggest food fight in the world, thousands of participants threw an estimated 160 tonnes of tomatoes at each other. 
  • Lebanese President Michel Aoun has signed the country's first animal welfare bill into law, guaranteeing the legal protection of domestic and wild animals from abuse.
    • The law outlines requirements for keeping domestic pets, regulations for zoos, farms, and slaughterhouses, and stricter punishments for violations with fines and up to 4 years in prison.
  • The 10th India-European Union Counter Terrorism Dialogue was recently held at New Delhi.
    • During this dialogue, India and the European Union have agreed to strengthen cooperation between their security and intelligence agencies to combat the threat of terrorism and check terror financing. 
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ASRB Recruitment 2017 : Stenographers and Lower Division Clerks (LDC) - 173 Posts

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Friends, the Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB),  under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), an autonomous body under Dept. of Agricultural Research & Education, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India, is inviting Online Applications for filling up the posts of Stenographers and Lower Division Clerks (LDC) for the year 2017. There are 173 posts in total. The selection will be based on Computer Based Test. You can apply online from today (31st August 2017) to 25th September 2017. Check complete details below. All the Best :)

Name of the Organization : Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB)

Vacancy Details :
  • Stenographer Grade-III - 95 Posts
  • Lower Division Clerk (LDC) - 78 Posts
Important Dates :
  • Starting Date of Online Registration : 31st August 2017
  • Last Date of Online Registration : 25th September 2017
  • Downloading Admission Certificate : 14th October 2017
  • Examination for LDC : 29th October 2017 (10 AM to 12 PM)
  • Examination for Stenographer : 29th October 2017 (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)
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English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 30th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 30th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials 

  • Rallying - to (cause to) come together in order to provide support or make a shared effort
  • Viable - able to work as intended or able to succeed
  • Antipathy - a strong feeling of not liking someone or something
  • Alliance - an arrangement between two or more people, groups, or countries by which they agree to work together to achieve something
  • Constituent - one of the parts that form something when they combine
  • Vote bank - a large group of voters from a single community who always support a particular party or candidate in elections
  • Prospect - the possibility that something will happen, especially something good
  • Negligible - very unimportant or small
  • Ambition - something that you very much want to do, usually something that is difficult to achieve
  • Circumstance - a fact or condition that affects a situation
  • Coalition - a temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together
  • For instance - for example
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August 2017 Current Affairs Quiz - Set 12

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Name the Paralympian who was recently honored with Khel Ratna Award 2017



To boost it's economy, the Baltic nation of Estonia is starting its own virtual currency. Name it ?



The 7th Meeting of the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) was recently held in New Delhi under the Chairmanship of ____________ ?



The 1st edition of Miss Transqueen India, a beauty pageant for transgenders, was recently held at ?



Who was named as the new Chairman of Railway Board ?



The Supreme Court, in a historic verdict on 24th August, has declared which right a fundamental right in the Indian Constitution ?



New Zealand's oldest surviving cricketer was recently passed away. Who is he ?


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Standard Banking Awareness Quiz for IBPS Exams 2017 - Set 128

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  1. Currency note of Rs. 500 will have five bleed lines on left and right in raised print. Similarly how many bleed lines are there on the left and right in Rs. 2000 currency note ?
    1. 3
    2. 4
    3. 6
    4. 7
    5. 8
  2. If the fourth letter in PAN CARD is 'P' the it denotes _____________
    1. Public
    2. Firm
    3. Person
    4. Trust
    5. Private
  3. The Banking Ombudsman may reject a complaint at any stage if it appears to him that a complaint made to him __________________
    1. If the Compensation sought from the Banking Ombudsman is beyond Rs. 20 lakh
    2. If it requires consideration of elaborate documentary and oral evidence
    3. If the proceedings before the Banking Ombudsman are not appropriate for adjudication of such complaint
    4. If the complaint is without any sufficient cause
    5. All the above
  4. Who among the following set up the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) ?
    1. GOI
    2. Ministry of MSME
    3. SIDBI
    4. 1 and 3
    5. Reserve Bank of India
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Essays for IBPS PO VII : Human Trafficking - Modern Day Slavery

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Human Trafficking - Modern Day Slavery

Overview
  • Human trafficking, a violation of human rights. 
  • Human trafficking extends world wide. 
  • Various types of human trafficking.
  • Factors responsible for trafficking. 
  • The consequences of trafficking.
  • Initiatives taken by the united Nations. 
  • Steps taken by the Government of India.
Human trafficking is one of the most heinous forms of organised crime and violation of human rights all over the world. There is a strong concern at the upward trend and multidimensional nature of this criminal phenomenon which victimises men, women and children. Traffickers take into account neither borders, laws nor national prejudices.
 
There objective is profit and they traffic in human beings. Whether through abduction or deception, they deceive desperate and ignorant people whose dream of being freed from poverty is transformed into the worst of nightmares.

Trafficking assaults human dignity flagrantly violates Fundamental Rights erodes conscience. Thus, fomenting corruption, undermines international security and development and creates vast revenues for organised crime. The global economic crisis has resulted in a spike in this phenomenon in the form of forced labour where by the victim himself 'accepts' his situation due to lack of substantial choices and ways out of poverty.
 
`A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons' by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) offers the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking. It is based on data gathered from 155 countries. According to the report, the most common form of human trafficking is sexual exploitation (80%). The victims of sexual exploitation are predominantly women and girls. 


The second most common form of human trafficking is forced labour (18%), although this may be a misrepresentation because forced labour is less frequently detected and reported than trafficking for sexual exploitation. World wide almost 20% of all trafficking victims are children. However, in some parts of Mekong region and Africa, children are the majority (100%). The Bangladesh takes the first spot on the list of 155 countries with the highest rates of human trafficking in the world. Ghana in Africa has become a point of destination for a lot of trafficking in children who are forced to work as labourers in the mines specially gold mines. In Uganda, children are either trafficked for forced labour or they are killed for their organs. Nepal is considered to be the busiest route in human trafficking where trafficking of women takes place from largely.
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August 30, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 29th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 29th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

  • Stand-off - a disagreement or fight in which neither opponent can do anything to win or achieve their aim
  • Diplomacy -  the profession or skill of preserving or creating friendly relationships between countries
  • Paid off - if something that you do pays off, it brings you some benefit
  • Prevailed over -  to defeat
  • Rhetoric - a style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people
  • Expeditious - quick and effective
  • Disengagement - the action or process of withdrawing from involvement in an activity, situation, or group
  • Disputed - a disputed area is one that different countries claim belongs to them, so that there is a disagreement or war between them
  • Plateau - a large flat area of land that is higher than the land around it
  • Troops - soldiers, especially in large numbers
  • Patrol - a group of people or vehicles that move around a place in order to prevent trouble or crime
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High Level Computer Knowledge Quiz for IBPS PO VII (Operating System) - Set 3

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  1. Which command be used to clear the screen and display the operating sy stem prompt on the first line on the display ?
    1. Cd
    2. Md
    3. Rename
    4. Cls
    5. None of these
  2. Internal commands in Dos are 
    1. Cls, rd label
    2. Dir, ren, sys
    3. Del, disk copy, label
    4. Time, type, dir
    5. None of these
  3. Which command is used to copy files ?
    1. Diskcopy
    2. Type
    3. Copy
    4. All of the above
    5. None of these
  4. SYS command is used to 
    1. Copy DOS configuration files to a new disk
    2. Update the DOS system files
    3. Copy DOS system files to new disk
    4. All of these
    5. None of these
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Last year IBPS PO Preliminary Exam Cutoff Analysis 2016 & 2015

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IBPS PO Cutoff Analysis

Hello guys, I am Swetha from Nandya. Hope you guys have already started your preparation for upcoming IBPS PO VII Preliminary Exam. Here I am sharing the last 2 year cutoff details of IBPS PO Prelims 2016 and 2015. This will give you the basic idea on the expected cutoffs of upcoming IBPS PO VII Preliminary Exam. Happy Reading :)

Note : I gave complete category wise cutoff details for the year 2016, but I couldn't manage to get the cutoff details of SC / ST / PWD and OBC categories for the year 2015. If anybody have those details please share in comments section below. So that I will add those details too.
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30th August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (30th August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 30th August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • Pakistan has temporarily suspended talks as well as diplomatic visits with the US after President Donald Trump criticised the nation for harbouring terrorists. 
  • France, Germany, Italy, and Spain have agreed on a plan to help Chad and Niger with border controls to contain the flow of migrants and refugees into Europe from northern Africa. 
    • The leaders of the nations agreed to tackle illegal human trafficking by setting up a mechanism to identify legitimate migrants fleeing war under the supervision of the UN.
National Current Affairs
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi today inaugurated 1.4-kilometre long hanging bridge across the river Chambal in Rajasthan's Kota
    • Note : Modi had earlier inaugurated 1.4-kilometre long cable stayed bridge across the river Narmada in Gujarat in March this year.
  • With an aim to bring transparency in recruit in government jobs, the Uttar Pradesh Government has decided to do away with interview in the recruitment of non-gazetted officers from Class II to IV.
    • Interviews will however be a must for recruitment of gazetted officers in Class II.
  • Karnataka government will be merging the existing seven health schemes to launch a unified scheme- 'Arogya Bhagya'.
    • The government will issue Aadhaar-linked Universal Health Cards to the residents using which they can avail medical care at government-owned hospitals, medical college hospitals, and empanelled private hospitals for free.
    • This new scheme will cover all 1.4 crore households of the state.
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English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 28th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 28th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : There were no editorials in THE HINDU on 27th August 2017 (Sunday)

  • Anarchy - a situation in which people are behaving in a way that ignores normal rules and laws, and are unable to be controlled
  • Conviction - a decision by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
  • Violence -  actions or words that are intended to hurt people
  • Abdicate - to stop accepting a particular responsibility or obligation that you have
  • Ineptness - showing a lack of judgment, sense, or reason
  • Unpreparedness - not ready for something
  • In the face of something - in a situation where you have to deal with something unpleasant or difficult
  • Predictable - if something is predictable, it happens in the way that you would expect
  • Sect - a religious group that has separated from a larger religion and is considered to have extreme or unusual beliefs or customs
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August 2017 Current Affairs Quiz - Set 11

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Who has been recently appointed as the new Russian ambassador to the US ?



What is the name for the latest version of the Google's Android operating system ?



Who is Indi's representative at the SCO Meeting on disaster prevention, which was held at Kyrgyz Republic ?



The Karnataka Government has recently launched an experimental cloud seeding Project in Bengaluru. Name it ?



Expand SCO ?



The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was formed on ?


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Essays for IBPS PO VII : The Menace of Drug Addiction

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The Menace of Drug Addiction

Overview
  • What is drug addiction ? 
  • Causes of drug addiction.
  • Number of drug addicts is increasing.
  • Different risks of drug addiction.
  • Asia, a major producer of drug.
  • Drug producing areas in India. 
  • National and international laws to curb drug addiction. 
  • Role played by other agencies.
It is a matter of concern that the menace of drug addiction has been prevailing all over the globe. Drug addiction has become a matter of major concern in recent years for the society and the nation alike with the number of youngsters getting addicted to the vice is increasing at an alarming rate. 

Originally the term 'drug' was used for medicines but it has now been given a new connotation. It now not only refers to medicines but also the fatal narcotics such as cocaine, heroin, brown sugar and the list goes on. All these drugs have their evil effects on the mind and body cells of the addicts. 

Drug addiction is a condition characterised by an overwhelming desire to continue taking a drug to which one has become habituated through repeated consumption. Addiction is usually accompanied by a compulsion to obtain the drug, a tendency to increase the dose, a psychological or physical dependence and detrimental consequences for the individual and society.
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August 29, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 26th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 26th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials
  • Decriminalising -  to change the law so that something that was illegal becomes legal
  • Gay - sexually attracted to people of the same sex (This word is mainly used about men)
  • Consensual - agreed to by all the people involved
  • Flagrant - done in an obvious way that shows you do not care if you break rules or offend people
  • Undo - to remove the good or bad effects of an action
  • Upheld - if a court of law upholds something such as a claim, it says that it is correct
  • Retrograde - returning to a condition or situation that is worse than the present one
  • Verdict -  an official judgment made in a court
  • Strident - holding firm opinions or beliefs and tending to express them frequently, in a way that offends some people
  • Explicit - said or explained in an extremely clear way, so that you cannot doubt what is meant
  • Privacy - the freedom to do things without other people watching you or knowing what you are doing
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Reasoning Practice Test for IBPS PO VII & Clerks VII

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Directions (Q.No.1-5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below : 

Seven persons namely P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are planning to go for vacation in different months i.e. July, May, August, September, June, February and December, but not necessarily in the same order also each of them want to see different-different temples of India i.e. Akshardham, Somnath temple, Shiridi temple, Trimbakeshwar temple, Konark Sun temple, Kapaleeshwarar temple and Simhachalam temple, but not necessarily in the same order. All persons are arranged in an order from top to bottom.

There are two persons sit between the person who wants to see Konark Sun temple and the one who is immediate above the one, who is planning to go on December. The person, who is planning to go
on December, is not immediate above the person, who is planning to go on May. Four persons sit between R and S. Neither V nor T is planning to go on December and May. The person who wants to see Somnath temple is planning to go on June. The person, who wants to see Kapaleeshwarar temple is is above the person, who wants to see Trimbakeshwar temple (but not immediate above). Q sits be-low R and one person sits between Q and U. 

Only One person sits between the person, who wants to see Aksha-rdham and the person, who wants to see Konark Sun temple, who is planning to go on July. There are three person sit between the one who is planning to go on June and V. The person, who wants to see Shiridi temple is planning to go on May and sits immediate above the person, who wants to see Konark Sun temple. U wants to see Kapaleeshwarar temple and he is not planning to go on August and September. V is planning to go on September and he does not want to see Akshardham. Two per-sons sit between U and T. T does not want to see that location, which is immediate below the person, who is planning to go on July.
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IBPS RRB VI Office Assistants (Clerks) Preliminary Exam Call Letters out

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IBPS RRB VI Office Assistants Call Letters

Friends, the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) has released the Call Letters of IBPS RRB (Gramin Banks) VI Office Assistants Preliminary Exam 2017. The prelims online exam for IBPS RRB VI Office assistants is scheduled to be held during 17th, 23rd and 24th September 2017. You can download your call letters from the official website of IBPS (www.ibps.in) or from below link by entering your Registration No / Roll No and Password / DOB (DD-MM-YY).

The Call Letter download link will be active from today (29th August 2017) to 24th September 2017.  All the Best :)
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29th August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (29th August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 29th August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • Today (29th August) is the International Day Against Nuclear Tests.
    • Aim :  To raise awareness about the effects of nuclear weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions.
  • PM Narendra Modi will be on a visit to China from 3rd to 5th September 2017.
    • During this visit, he will attend the 9th BRICS Summit.
  • To reduce plastic pollution, Kenya today imposed the world's toughest law against plastic bags
    • The law punishes Kenyans producing, selling or using plastic bags with a maximum fine of over ₹25 lakh or a four-year jail term. 
  • A set of 6 caves housing over 50 artefacts from the last Ice Age has become the 42nd UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany
    • The artefacts, which were composed of bone and ivory, date back 33,000 to 43,000 years. 
  • US President Donald Trump has lifted an Obama-era order which banned police from using surplus military equipment including grenade launchers, bulletproof vests, and riot shields. 
  • China has been drafting a law on the appropriate use of its National Anthem by introducing criminal prosecution for violators.
    • The draft legislation also made it illegal to use the national anthem at funerals and other "inappropriate" private occasions.
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Computer Knowledge Quiz - Memory (Set 2)

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  1. Which of the following require large computer memory ?
    1. Imaging
    2. Voice
    3. Graphics
    4. All of these
    5. None of these
    6. .
  2. The smallest unit of storage is 
    1. Byte
    2. Bit
    3. Bug
    4. Nibble
    5. None of these 
  3. What is the main folder on a storage device called ?
    1. Platform
    2. Interface
    3. Root directory
    4. Device driver
    5. None of these 
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English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 25th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 25th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

  • Privacy - the freedom to do things without other people watching you or knowing what you are doing
  • Verdict -  an official judgment made in a court
  • Unanimous - a unanimous decision, vote, agreement etc is one that everyone agrees with and supports
  • Restatement - an act of stating something again or differently, especially more clearly or convincingly
  • Occasionally -  sometimes, but not frequently or regularly
  • Grudgingly - done in an unwilling way
  • Inalienable -  an inalienable right cannot be taken away from you or given to someone else
  • Inherent -  an inherent quality is a basic or essential feature that gives something its character
  • Perverse - determined to behave in an unreasonable way, especially by doing the opposite of what is expected or wanted
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Bank Exams English Preparation Tips

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In many competitive examinations especially Bank Examinations these days as you blow, English is one of the subjects in which your knowledge is tested. In fact your proficiency in English comes handy and plays a decisive role not only in the written exam but also in the interview and in your job and career later. Therefore it is imperative on your part to have a good working knowledge of English. 

Generally in these exams questions are set to test a candidate's four language skills namely Reading, Writing, listening and Speaking While in the written exam his tier reading an writing skills are put to test, in the interview his/ her listening and speaking skills are tested Acquiring some sound knowledge in these skill needs a prolonged and well planned practice Again in the Preliminary exam, 30 questions in English language are to be answered in 15 - 20 minutes. Candidates need to have speed an accuracy here and a thorough practical knowledge of aspects like grammar and vocabulary immensely helps them. That "How t acquire these four skills and practical know) edge in them" may be a big question before you. In fact this is the problem of most of the candidates who appear for bank and other competitive exams.
  • According to one survey only 10 percent of Indians today can understand what is sal and written in English and just two percent o us are really proficient in this language Among us again there are many great writer than great speakers in English.
  • There are two ways in which you can acquire skills to use English effectively. First of all pick up the habit of reading English newspapers and magazines daily. This helps yo understand grammar, usage and vocabulary besides improving your levels of general awareness. Listening to people who speak i English and watching English programmes on T V will also help you understand belle the nuances in listening and speaking skill Secondly, learn English grammar and other aspects in an orderly and systematic way. One popular method is first of all to have thorough knowledge of Parts of Speech. This is essential as it makes learning about other things like the use of Articles, Tenses, Voice and Transformation Sentences easier.
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Essays for IBPS PO VII : Drone Technology - Is it a Substitute for Manned Aircrafts?

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Drone Technology - Is it a Substitute for Manned Aircrafts?

Overview
  • What is drone technology ? 
  • The making of this unmanned aerial vehicle.
  • The functioning of UAVs.
  • Role played by GPS chip in it. 
  • Landing of drones.
  • The camera in UAV. 
  •  Applications of drone technology in defence, commercial Aerial Surveillance, Journalism Law Enforcement, Search and Rescue, Scientific Research, Conservation, Archaeology etc.
  • Drone technology in India.
Drones are the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS) controlled by a pilot on the ground or with the help of technology. It may be as small as a radio-centred toy helicopter or as big as a global hawk. They can be considered as the eyes in the sky which keep a check throughout. Drones are normally used in the situations where manned flight is considered too risky or difficult. A typical unmanned aircraft is made of light composite materials to reduce weight and increase its maneuverability. This composite material's strength allows military drones to cruise at extremely high altitudes. 

These materials are highly complex composites which can absorb vibration and decrease the production of the noise. An unmanned aerial vehicle system has two parts, the drone itself and the control system. The nose of the unmanned aerial vehicle is where all the sensors and navigation systems are present. The rest of the body is light weight. Drones can be controlled by the remote control system or a ground cockpit. Drones are equipped with state of the art technology such as infra-red cameras, GPS and laser. Some drones have the Radar Positioning and Return Home feature. The flight radar displays the current position and location of the drone in the context of the pilot. When the drone crosses the control range of the remote control, its system automatically triggers the 'Return Home' feature. This means that the UAV will automatically fly back to its takeoff point and land safely.
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One Word Substitutions for IBPS Bank Exams 2017 - Lesson 81

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Friends, this is the 81st Lesson of our One Word Substitutions lesson series. Today we are giving you one word substitutes of the letter 'N'. Read and practice well. Happy Reading :)

One Word Substitutes Practice Test - 81

  • A small cut on the edge of something
    • nick (noun)
  • Accurate and skillful
    • nifty (adjective)
  • Not generous with money and time 
    • niggardly (adjective)
  • Irritate or annoy someone slightly
    • niggle (verb)
  • Having persistent slight feeling of worry or pain
    • niggling (adjective)
  • An alcoholic drink taken before going to bed
    • nightcap (noun)
  • Entertainment available in nights or evenings
    • nightlife (noun)
  • An unpleasant or frightening dream
    • nightmare (noun)
  • A place where people are entertained during night
    • nightspot (noun)
  • Philosophy that states that nothing has any value 
    • nihilism (noun)
  • Able to move easily and quickly
    • nimble (adjective)
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August 28, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 24th August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 24th August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

  • Fiasco - a complete and embarrassing failure
  • Base something on something - to use particular ideas or facts to make a decision, do a calculation, or develop a theory
  • Immense - extremely large
  • Prolonged - continuing for a long time
  • Uncertainty - the fact that something is not known or has not been decided
  • Anxiety - a worried feeling you have because you think something bad might happen
  • Peremptory - speaking or behaving rather rudely, as if you expect other people to obey you immediately
  • Ordinance - an official order by a government, king, queen etc
  • Undue - not necessary or reasonable
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Important Features you should know about New ₹50, ₹200, ₹500, ₹2000 Notes

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Friends, all of you know, after the Narendra Modi government announced a ban on  Rs. 1,000 and Rs. 500 notes to choke tax evaders in November 2016, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released Four banknotes of new denomination in the Mahatma Gandhi (new) Series. You will surely get a question regarding these new notes in your upcoming IBPS Bank Exams 2107. So here are some important points to keep in mind about the new denomination ₹50, ₹200, ₹500 and ₹2000 currency notes. Happy Reading :)

Main Features of New RBI Notes (Very Important for Exams)

Size :

  • ₹2000 - 66 mm x 166 mm 
  • ₹500 - 66mm x150mm
  • ₹200 - 66 mm x 146 mm
  • ₹50 - 66 mm x 135 mm

Colour :

  • ₹2000 - Magenta
  • ₹500 - Stone grey
  • ₹200 - Yellow-Saffron
  • ₹50 - Fluorescent blue

Motifs :

  • ₹2000 - Mangalayan
  • ₹500 - Red Fort
  • ₹200 - Sanchi Stupa
  • ₹50 - Hampi with Chariot

Security features of New RBI Notes

(Not so important, but useful)

₹2000 Note

Front Side
  1. See through register with denominational numeral 2000
  2. Latent image with denominational numeral 2000
  3. Denominational numeral २००० in Devnagari
  4. Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi at the centre
  5. Micro letters ‘RBI’ and ‘2000’ on the left side of the banknote
  6. Windowed security thread with inscriptions ‘भारत’, RBI and 2000 on banknotes with colour shift. Colour of the thread changes from green to blue when the note is tilted
  7. Guarantee Clause, Governor’s signature with Promise Clause and RBI emblem towards right
  8. Denominational numeral with Rupee Symbol, ₹2000 in colour changing ink (green to blue) on bottom right
  9. Ashoka Pillar emblem on the right, Mahatma Gandhi portrait and electrotype (2000) watermarks
  10. Number panel with numerals growing from small to big on the top left side and bottom right side
  11. For visually impaired
    1. Intaglio or raised printing of Mahatma Gandhi portrait, Ashoka Pillar emblem, bleed lines and identity mark
    2. Horizontal rectangle with ₹2000 in raised print on the right
    3. Seven angular bleed lines on left and right side in raised print
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28th August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (28th August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 28th August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • India and China have agreed to withdraw their troops from Doklam after being in a standoff for over two months. 
    • The standoff had started after India objected to China constructing a road in the disputed area.
  • Mexico will create a new division of the Federal Police to preserve and secure its cultural heritage.
    • The division would recruit officers with knowledge of archaeology and art to prevent thefts and looting of cultural artefacts.
National Current Affairs
  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj today inaugurated India's first 'Videsh Bhavan' in Mumbai. 
    • The Bhavan integrates all Ministry of External Affairs offices in Maharashtra under one roof, and will reportedly help in effective management. 
People in News
  • Dera Sacha Sauda Chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Insan was sentenced to 10 years in prison for rape by a special CBI court in Haryana. 
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IBPS RRB VI Officers (Scale I) Preliminary Exam 2017 Call letters out

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Friends, the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection has released the Call Letters for upcoming IBPS RRB VI Officers (Scale I) Preliminary Online Exam 2017. You can download your IBPS PO VI Officers (Scale I) call letters and Information handouts from the official website of IBPS (www.ibps.in) or from below link by entering your Registration No / Roll No and Password / DOB (DD-MM-YY). These call letters will be available from today (28th August 2017) to 16th September 2017. All the best :)


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English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 23rd August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 23rd August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

  • Undoing - the cause of someone / something's failure
  • Injustice - an unfair action or event
  • Instant - immediate
  • Verdict -  an official judgment made in a court
  • Invoke -  to use a law or rule in order to achieve something
  • Norm - an average standard or level
  • Canon - a generally accepted rule
  • Discriminatory - treating a particular group of people unfairly because of their religion, race, or other personal features
  • Unconstitutional - not allowed or not legal according to the constitution
  • Privileged - having advantages and opportunities that other people do not have
  • Fundamental - essential to the existence, development, or success of something
  • Essential - completely necessary
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Essays for IBPS PO VII : Police Reforms in India

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Police Reforms in India

Overview
  • The Britishers introduced the policing system in our country. 
  • How its necesary for democracy ? 
  • Cases of police high-handedness. 
  • Need of police empowerment and police reform. 
  • The government appointed many commissions and committees for recommendations of police reforms.
"We are bound by law to be free, not to be subjugated."
However, in this nation of a billion plus people, where we empower a few to make laws for the country and ensure their enforcement, those few themselves, flagrantly violate laws with impunity. State and citizens have existed based on the foundation of the Theory of the Social or Political Contract given by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Social contract arguments typically posit that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly, to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority of the state in exchange for protection of their remaining rights. The question of the relation between natural and legal rights, therefore, is often an aspect of social contract theory. 


It is that point when state itself starts to trample on these rights, police in this case, that clamour for Police Reform gets stirred up. Police who are supposed to be the protectors of common public and custodian of law and order of the state becomes subservient to their political master. Parochial interests, pecuniary gains, extant laws and other diabolical activities are the main reasons for the hand-in-glove relation between politicians and police prevalent in the system.
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August 2017 Current Affairs Quiz - Set 10

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Which state government has recently launched an exclusive 24x7 helpline '181' for women ?



29th World University Games (also known as 2017 Summer Universiade) recently held at ?



How many nations are participating in 29th World University Games ?



What is the official mascot of 29th World University Games ?



What is the Motto of 29th World University Games ?



Who took oath as the Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, hours after the merger of rival AIADMK factions was announced ?



Qatar is going to build a stadium shaped like an Arabian cap for the which world cup ?



China is going to launch the World's first nuclear power plant that is immune to meltdown. Name it ?


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Computer Knowledge Quiz - Memory (Set 1)

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  1. When you are working on a document on a PC, the document is stored in _____________
    1. ROM
    2. RAM
    3. Floppy
    4. Pen drive
    5. None of these
  2. A _____________represents approximately one billion memory location.
    1. Kilobyte
    2. Megabyte
    3. Gigabyte
    4. Terabyte
    5. None of these
  3. A 32-bit word computer can access _____________ bytes at a time.
    1. 2
    2. 4
    3. 8
    4. 16
    5. 32
  4. Which of the following is billionth of a second ?
    1. Gigabyte
    2. Terabyte
    3. Nanosecond
    4. Microsecond
    5. Terasecond
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August 27, 2017

Latest GA Quiz for IBPS PO VII

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  1. Which former RBI Governor is the author of the book "I Do What I DO" ? (This book will be launched in September 2017)
    1. D. Subbarao
    2. Dr. Y. V. Reddy
    3. C. Rangarajan
    4. Raghuram Rajan
    5. Bimal Jalan
  2. Which state government has formed "Maa Committes to check mid-day meals quality in schools ?
    1. Punjab
    2. Haryana
    3. Uttar Pradesh
    4. Bihar
    5. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Who was elected as the Chairman of FIFA governance committee in May 2017 ?
    1. Justice Manmohan Singh
    2. Justice V. K. Shali
    3. Justice Suresh Kait
    4. Justice Mukul Mudgal
    5. Justice G. P. Mittal
  4. Who was appointed the chairman of National Commission for Minorities (NCM) in May 2017 ?
    1. Syed Ghayorul Hasan Rizvi
    2. George Kurian
    3. Sunil Singhi
    4. Vada Dasturji Khurshed
    5. None of these
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27th August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (27th August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 27th August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • Hurricane Harvey became the most powerful storm to hit US' Texas in more than 50 years.
    • Harvey made landfall on the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane with winds of over 200 km per hour. 
    • Note : It is the first major hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Wilma in 2005, ending a record 12-year period with no storms making landfall in the United States as a major hurricane.
National Current Affairs
  • The Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata has celebrated its founder, Mother Teresa's 107th birth anniversary by lighting candles at her grave and conducting special prayers. 
    • Important Points to Note
      • Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress".
      • She was honored with Bharat Ratna in 1980.
  • Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa today inaugurated the 56th annual three-day conference of Indian Society of Aerospace Medicine at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Bengaluru. 
  • The Uttar Pradesh government will bring a New policy to promote Khadi which is likely to be implemented from April 2018.
    • A subsidy of 15% would be given on Khadi products under the policy.
Awards & Honors
  • A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto. 
    • They are :
      • Ronald Hanson, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
      • Sae-Woo Nam, of the National Institute of Standards & Technology, United States
      • Anton Zeilinger, University of Vienna, Austria
    • The prize recognizes the most significant recent achievements in the world in quantum mechanics and is considered by many to be the top international award in the field.
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English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 22nd August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 22nd August 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials


Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Prison and privilege: On favourable exemptions to Sasikala in jail"
  • Privilege -  a special benefit that is available only to a particular person or group
  • Favourable - giving someone or something an advantage or a benefit
  • Exemption - permission to ignore something such as a rule, obligation, or payment
  • Deterrent - to prevent someone from doing something by threatening bad results if they do it
  • Uncommon - unusual, rare, or not happening often
  • Concession - something you give or allow to someone in order to reach an agreement
  • Obliging - willing to help someone
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Essays for IBPS PO VII : Can Sanitation Programmes Make India Clean and Clear ?

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Can Sanitation Programmes Make India Clean and Clear ?

Overview
  • Mahatma Gandhi's vision - A clean India. 
  • Launch of 'Clean India Mission' 
  • Aim of 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. 
  • Cleanliness and sanitation play an important role in the promotion of tourism. 
  • Response of public towards this campaign. 
  • Responsibility of citizens. 
  • Some suggestions to improve the cleanliness.
The father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi envisioned and dreamt of a clean India where sanitation, hygiene and cleanliness were the indispensable components. The importance of cleanliness in his life can be judged from the fact that he considered 'sanitation ahead of independence'. In order to fulfil the long cherished dream of `Bapu', 'Clean India Mission' was launched across the country on 2nd October, 2014. Shri Narendra. Modi had aptly remarked that, "A Clean India Campaign would be the best tribute that India could pay to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary in 2019". 

The `Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' aims to eradicate the problem of open defecation by construction of toilets for households and communities, do away with manual scavenging and adapt better solid waste management techniques. Mr Modi has rightly quoted that open defecation, especially by girls and women is a blot on our society. Besides, it was meant to create awareness about the importance of cleanliness among the masses. On the day of its launch, the 'Cleanliness drive' was received with a positive note across the different segments of society with locals, students, politicians, industrialists, celebrities contributing their share.
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August 26, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 21st August 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 21stAugust 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : There were no editorials in THE HINDU on 20th August 2017 (Sunday)

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Separate ways: on JD(U) split"
  • Part with - to give something to someone although you would prefer to keep it
  • On the credit side  - used before you mention a good or positive aspect of a situation
  • Flip-flop - an instance of someone changing their opinion completely in a way that annoys other people
  • Alliance - an arrangement between two or more people, groups, or countries by which they agree to work together to achieve something
  • Majority - most of the people or things in a group
  • Blot - a small area of ink made by mistake
  • Revolt - an attempt to get rid of a government by using violence
  • Sheen - a shine on the surface of something
  • Portray - to show or describe someone or something in a particular way
  • Break-up - if a relationship breaks up, it ends
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26th August 2017 Important Daily Current Affairs

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (26th August 2017) Important Current Affairs updates. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 26th August 2017

International Current Affairs
  • Today (26th August) is the Women's Equality Day.
    • This day commemorates the 1920 adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution, which prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
    • This day was first celebrated in 1973 and is proclaimed each year by the United States President.
  • US President Donald Trump has signed a memorandum that directs the US military to not accept transgender individuals as recruits and halts the use of government funds for sex-reassignment surgeries for active personnel unless the process is already underway.
    • This announcement reversed a policy shift started under his predecessor, President Barack Obama.
  • According to provisional census data released today, Pakistan's population has surged to over 20 crore, a 57% spike since the last census in 1998. 
    • The country has over 10 crore Males, over 10 crore Females and over 10,000 transgenders. 
    • Sindh surpassed Islamabad as the most urbanised territory, with over 52% residents in urban areas, the provisional data revealed.
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