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June 08, 2018

Essay - Teenage Suicide : Today's Grave Problem in Society

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Teenage Suicide - Today's Grave Problem in Society

  • What is suicide ?
  • Why the number of teenage suicide is increasing ?
  • Causes of teenage suicide
  • Ways to deal with teenagers.
Suicide is the act or an instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally. Teenage ;. the transition phase of one's life. It is that time period when an individual witness the physical and psychological changes and it becomes difficult for the young innocent minds to acclimatise to these changes. Over the years, teenage suicide has become one of the major causes of worry for our society. The increase in the number of suicide cases is the result of the rising peer, parental and societal pressures and the inability of the teenagers to cope with it.

The teenagers live in their own world of dream and fantasies that is completely different from the ground realities. The harsh realities of life hit them hard. They have high expectations and aspirations in regards to their personal and professional lives, which if are not fulfilled lead to disappointment, resentment and ultimately suicide. A lot of hormonal changes are taking place in their bodies resulting in emotional distress. It becomes difficult for the teenagers to handle these changes resulting in stress, disappointment, resentment, anger and frustration in their lives.

The teenagers are under a constant pressure to meet the expectations of their parents. Some parents are in a habit to compare their children with their siblings and friends, who are better than them in different spheres. This creates a sense of inferiority complex among these children. In the worst cases, parents treat their children harshly and subject them to physical and emotional atrocities. The children are under continual stress to perform well. It becomes difficult for them to cope with this stress and they eventually slip into depression. The teenagers who are unable to handle the pressure are haunted by suicidal thoughts as they are guilt-ridden and consider their life worthless.

There is immense peer pressure in this age. On one hand, there is parental pressure on the teenagers to meet their parent's expectations in different spheres of lives. And on the other hand, it is the peer pressure to have a happening social life. Socialising, late night parties, branded attires and latest gadgets have become synonymous with today's generation. However, this seems to be against the ideal norms of the society and the wishes of the parents. These differences in the opinions become the major cause of conflict between the parents and children. This is when teenagers start avoiding their parents and stop paying heed to them. Instead, they rely more on their friends. Many times it is their friends who misguide them.

Teenagers often cannot cope up with the increasing pressure in their educational life. Thus, many schools appointed school counselors to tackle the problem. Education exerts so much pressure on them, that during board examination some students commit suicide. Suicides in Kota also justify this pressure theory. 

Kota is a major coaching hub of the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes. Over 1.5 Laks students from all over the country come here for preparation of various examinations, viz. IIT-JEE, NEET-UG and AIIMS etc. Students live here for 2-3 years and prepare for the examinations. In the past few years, reports of students committing suicide in this city have increased. Students cannot cope with the pressure and commit suicide. They do it as they have the fear of letting down their family prestige or not having any career alternatives.

Teenage is the time when an individual att.-.4ns the sexual maturity. As a teenager attains sexual maturity, it is common for them to get attracted to the members of opposite sex. They develop more consciousness towards their physical appearance and want to look their best. They are fascinated by the popular celebrities and imitate them. It becomes difficult for them to think rationally and they easily get carried away.

The social media and dating websites have become quite popular among teenagers. These platforms provide a means to communicate with others as wells as provide a sneak peek into the personal lives of people. Sometimes due to the peer pressure and sometimes by choice, they get involved in the relationships. But the fact is that they are not mature enough to handle the pressures of relationships. Unwanted teenage pregnancies, failed relationships and rejection are the major causes of depression which instigate an adolescent -0 commit suicide. 

Each society has its own norms and as the members of the society, teenagers are expected to adhere to these norms. Ideally, a teenager is expected to be good in academics which if not so invites unnecessary criticism from the society. In the mad competition of today's world, the teenagers are expected to be all-rounder to secure a place for themselves in the society.

In order to cope with the stress, they resort to means such as alcohol, drugs and smoking. The end result of all these means is depression which is one of the major causes of suicide. Besides, the children who have witnessed the divorce of their parents, death of a near or dear one, a traumatic childhood, have been a victim of bullying, physical, emotional or sexual abuse often have suicidal thoughts.

The elders need to be vigilant enough to notice the early signs of depression. The teenagers who have witnessed major stressful life events like, a breakup, divorce or major family conflicts are mostly overpowered by negative thoughts. Such teenagers often talk of death or suicide, prefer to stay aloof and tend to lose interest in their favourite activities. This is where the elders need to comfort them by providing them emotional support.
  • The teenagers need to be taught that failures and rejections are a part of life and these have to be accepted the way they come. In extreme cases, the parents should not shy from seeking professional help from the counselors. 
  • The parents and teachers need to teach the children the basics of sex education. This will prevent them from falling prey to the false and misleading information available through friends, internet and other open sources. 
  • The teenagers need to be taught the importance of life. It is the parents and the teachers who can make them understand that no problem is worth ending one's life. There is a solution to every problem. Everyone tends to make mistakes. What is important is to derive the learning from these mistakes and not repeat them. The mistakes should act as the stepping stones to success. 
  • Children should join the yoga and meditation classes which promote the general well-being of an individual. These make an individual mentally resilient to cope with the difficult situations of life and handle stress in a better way. 
  • Each individual is unique and has his own weaknesses and strengths. It is imperative for the parents, teachers and family 'members to understand this fact. As elders they need to help the children to discover their strengths and motivate the children to work in that direction.
The innocent, minds of the teenagers need to be cushioned with the love and care of the elders. Once the children develop confidence in their parents and elders, they would be comfortable in sharing their problems with them. When they will share their problems, their stress levels will also reduce considerably. The elders need to develop a friendly bond and at the same time share their valuable experiences. This will help the teenagers to handle the tricky situations of life successfully and emerge as stronger human beings.

Difficult Words with Meanings :

  • Acclimatise become accustomed to a new climate or new conditions or adjust
  • Distress pain
  • Resentment bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly
  • Attire be dressed in clothes of a specified kind
  • Traumatic deeply distrubing or distressing
  • Vigilant keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties
  • Resilient flexible
shared by Nisheeta Mirchandani
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