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January 19, 2014

Recruitment Process - Stages

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As we have stated earlier, Recruitment refers to the process of identifying and attracting job seekers so as to build a pool of qualified job applicants.

The recruitment process comprises 5 stages :
  1. Planning
  2. Strategy Development
  3. Searching
  4. Screening
  5. Evaluation & Control
Now lets have a detailed view of every stage,

1. Recruitment Planning : This is the first step in recruitment. Planning ultimately leads to deciding. 
    • Number of people required
    • Type of applications to be contacted
Based on the companies HR departments calculate the yield ratios which express the relationship & applicants inputs to outputs at various decisions points.

The type of people to be contacted depends on the tasks and qualifications experiences and expected. These details are provided the job analysis.

2. Strategy Development : Strategy to be decided with respect to,
  • Whether to recruit less skilled workers and spend on training
  • whether to recruit high skilled labor and pay more wages
  • what type of methods to be used in recruitment and selection (using computer, video tapes)
  • which market to be looked into National market for managerial and professional employees
    • Local markets for managerial and professional employees
    • Local / Region market for clerical employees
  • Whether the source or recruitment would be internal or external
3. Searching : Searching involves 2 steps. Those are,
  1. Source Activation : Sources and search methods are activated by the issuance of an employee requisition.
  2. Selling : On selling, both the media and message deserve attention. On one hand, companies have to overplay attract the candidates. At the same time temptation to be avoided in over selling virtues. 
4. Screening : The purpose of screening is to remove from the recruitment process at an early stage those applicants who are visibly unqualified for the jobs. Effective Screening can save a great deal or money and time. Care must be taken to see that potential candidates are next dropped during the screening stage. The screening can be done as a last stage in recruitment process or during the beginning of selection process. However it is advisable to complete the screening process before selection process before selection process starts.

5. Evaluation and Control : Evaluation and control is necessary as considerable costs are involved in the recruitment process. The costs which are generally include are :
  • lot of time spent on preparing job description, job specifications, advertisements etc,
  • costs of advertisement
  • cost of producing supporting literature
  • recruitment overheads
  • cost of recruitment suitable candidates for the selection process recruitment methods adopted must be periodically reviewed
The evaluation of recruitment methods should include
  • Return rate of applications issued
  • Number of candidates retained after 6 months
  • Cost of recruitment process
That's all for now friends. In our next post we shall discuss about the methods of recruiting. Happy Reading :) 

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1 comment:

  1. plz provide detail on labour laws and industrial relation...........


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