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June 20, 2014

Employment Generation Programmes in India


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Friends, below is the list of various Employment Generation Programmes of India. This list is very useful for all competitive exams which are having general awareness / general knowledge in it. Happy Reading :)

Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)

  • Set up in : 1980
  • All round development of the rural poor through a programme of asset endowment for self employment.

National Rural Employment Programme (NREP)

  • Set up in : 1980
  • To provide profitable employment opportunities to the rural poor. 

Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP)

  • Set up in : 1983
  • For providing employment to landless farmers and laborers.

Jawahr Rozgar Yojana (JRY)

  • Set up in : 1989
  • For providing employment to rural unemployed. Since, 2005-06, the Government of India is providing central assistance to states for supplementary nutrition also to the extent of 50% of the actual expenditure incurred by states or 50% of the cost norms, which ever is less. 

Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY)

  • Set up in : 1989
  • For providing employment to urban unemployed.

Scheme of Urban Wage Employment (SUWE)

  • Set up in : 1990
  • To provide wages employment after arranging the basic facilities for poor people in the urban areas, where population is less than one lakh.

Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) :

  • Set up in : 1993
  • To provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in village. Minimum wages under NREGA has been raised to 20 per day. 

Swarna Jayanti Shahari RozgarYojana (SJSRY)

  • Set up in : 1997
  • To provide gainful employment to urban unemployed and underemployed poor through self-employment or wage employment.
  • It has been revamped with effect from April 2009. The revamped scheme has five components, those are
    • Urban-Self Employment Programme (USEP)
    • Urban WOman Self-Help Programme (UWSHP)
    • Skill Training for Employment Promotion amongst Urban Poor (STEP-UP)
    • Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP)
    • Urban Community Development Network (UCDN)

Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SJGSY)

  • Set up in : 1999
  • It replaced Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY) (1997), Million Well Scheme (MWS) (1989) and Supply of Improved Tool-kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA) (1992).
  • For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promoting self employment through establishing micro enterprises in rural areas. Targets to cover 50% SC/STs, 40% Women, 15% minorities and 3% disabled.
  • It has been restructured as NRLM (National Rural Livelihoods Mission), now renamed as Aajeevika to implement in mission mode. 

Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) 

  • Set up in : 2000
  • Focus on village level development in five critical areas, i.e., Primary Health, Primary Education, Housing, Rural Roads, Drinking Water and Nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas.
  • The scheme was noticed to through out the country with effect from 1st April 2008. Renamed as MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) from 2nd October, 2009. SGRY and Food for Work Programme merged into it. 
  • With effect from 1st April 2012, MGNREGA-2 has been launched. MGNREGA's new version encompasses works related to agriculture, animal husbandry, poultry, drinking water and sanitation.

Sampoorna Grameena Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)

  • Set up in : 2001
  • EAS, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) and JRY merged into it.
  • To provide wage employment and food security in rural areas and also to create durable economic and social assets.

Food for work Programme :

  • Set up in : 2001
  • To give food through wage employment in the drought affected areas in eight states. Wages are paid by the State Governments partly in cash and partly in food grains. 

Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)

  • Set up in : 2008
  • To generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of new self-employment ventures / projects / micro enterprises.
That's all for now friends. In our next post we shall discuss about the Rural Development Programmes of India. All the best. 

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  1. is it useful for sbi clerical exam

  2. hii i work in boi as a my manager gave me a circular fr IBPS PO-2014 fee collection was mentioned which is about to start frm 17-JULY-2014 till 16-AUG-2014...
    well i thot i should mention...
    that means notification will b out till about a month.
    -sincere follower of this site.

  3. Thank you ma'am for the info. Can u pls provide all the schemes of government. It will b really helpful. Thanks

  4. thank you............


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