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October 05, 2020

Meet the winners of Nobel Prize in Medicine 2020

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The head of the Noble Committee, Thomas Perlmann has announced the winners of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the year 2020. Three scientists (2 Americans and 1 British) share this year's prize for their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus. The winners Harvey J Alter, Charles M Rice and Michael Houghton share the prize equally.

This years Nobel Prize 2020 comes with a Gold medal and prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1,118,000).

About Winners
  • Harvey J. Alter
    • He is an American Medical Researcher and Virologist.
    • He is the chief of the infectious disease section and the associate director for research of the Department of Transfusion Medicine at the Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Charles M. Rice
    • He is an American Medical Researcher and Virologist
    • He is working as a professor of virology at the Rockefeller University in New York City.
  • Michael Houghton
    • He is Canadian scientist and Virologist
    • He is working as a professor of virology at University of Alberta Chiron Corporation.
Prior to their work, the discovery of Hepatitis A and B viruses had been critical steps forward, but the majority of blood-borne hepatitis cases remained unexplained. The discovery of the Hepatitis C virus revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis and made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives,” the Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said in a statement.
According to the World Health Organisation, over 70 million cases and 4,00,000 deaths due to hepatitis are recorded worldwide each year. The disease is chronic and a major cause of liver inflammation and cancer.

The Nobel Prize in Medicine 2020 is the first of 6 prizes being announced through October 12. The other prizes are for outstanding work in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace and Economics respectively. 

Shortcut Trick to Remember the Nobel Prize 2020 Winners in Medicine 
  • Remember the line Michael Altered the Rice by adding Hepatitis C virus 
    • This sentence means, a guy named Michael has altered the Rice by adding some poisonous virus to it. 
    • Here 
      • Michael -  Michael Houghton
      • Altered - Harvey J. Alter
      • Rice - Charles M. Rice
      • They won the Nobel Prize for discovering Hepatitis C virus.
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