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February 01, 2019

30th & 31st January 2019 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are the Current Affairs of 30th & 31st January 2019. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Check complete Daily Current Affairs of the year 2019 from HERE. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 30th & 31st January 2019

International Current Affairs
  • India has been ranked 78th in recently released 'Corruption Perceptions Index 2018' by the Transparency International, moving up three places from 2017.
    • The US has been ranked 22, dropping out of top 20 on the index for the first time since 2011. 
    • Denmark topped the index, which ranks 180 countries and territories.
    • According to Transparency International, these are the world’s least corrupt nations:
      1. Denmark
      2. New Zealand
      3. Finland
      3. Singapore
      3. Sweden
      3. Switzerland
      7. Norway
      8. Netherlands
      9. Canada
      9. Luxembourg
      11. Germany
      11. United Kingdom
      22. United States
      38. Czech Republic
      57. Slovakia
  • In Britain, lawmakers voted in favour of an amendment in BREXIT plan seeking alternative arrangements to replace the Irish border arrangement known as the Irish backstop.
    • With this, PM Theresa May will try to renegotiate the Brexit treaty with European Union.
    • The amendment calls for the backstop to be replaced with unspecified "alternative arrangements" to avoid the reintroduction of border checks in Ireland.
  • Myanmar's parliament has voted to create a committee to propose amendments to the country's military-enacted constitution, which grants the armed forces the power to block any change. 
    • The proposal to form the committee was presented by a member of the ruling National League for Democracy party of leader Aung San Suu Kyi, which took power in 2016 after more than five decades of military or military-backed rule.
    • The 2008 constitution gives the military control of national security ministries and 25 per cent of legislative seats, enough to prevent any constitutional changes, which require the support of more than 75 per cent of lawmakers.
People in News
  • Indian-origin activist Gina Miller has along with two other British lawmakers launched a new anti-Brexit campaign named 'Lead Not Leave'. 
    • The initiative will push for Britain to remain in the European Union (EU) and restructure the bloc from inside. 
National Current Affairs
  • 30th January was observed as National Martyrs' Day.
    • This day is also known as Sarvodaya day / Shaheed Diwas.
    • We observe this day to commemorate the death anniversary of Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Note : On this day in 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse at a prayer meeting.
  • The Nagaland Cabinet today rejected the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill which was passed in the Lok Sabha earlier this month. 
    • The Cabinet had earlier said that the bill wasn't applicable to the state.
    • Note : In Meghalaya, Janata Dal (United) and 10 northeastern political parties, including BJP allies, have opposed the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill.
  • The Centre has approved additional Central assistance of ₹7,214.03 crore from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) to 6 states and one union territory. 
    • The fund was sanctioned to Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Puducherry
  • Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot announced to raise the unemployment allowance for the youth of the state from March 1.
    • According to this new rule, Girls will get ₹3,500 and boys ₹3,000 as unemployment allowance for two years.
  • Six days cultural extravaganza Bharat Parv concluded in New Delhi on 31st January.
    • The festival was organized by the Ministry of Tourism at the Red Fort from 26th to 31st January 2019. 
    • The major attractions of the festival were the replica of the Statue of Unity and also a Gandhi Gram in which 10 paintings on the theme ideology of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • 27 states participated in the festival by showcasing their food, handicrafts and tourism products.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated National Salt Satyagraha Memorial to the nation at Dandi village, situated in South Gujarat on Arabian sea coast.
    • At the memorial site, he also unveiled statues of Mahatma Gandhi and 80 Satyagrahis who had marched with him during the historic Dandi Salt March in 1930.
    • The memorial also has 24-narrative murals depicting various events and stories from the historic 1930 Salt March.
    • Note : The Salt Satyagraha March, well known as the Dandi March of 1930 has been a landmark event in the history of India’s freedom struggle.
Science & Technology
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) unveiled Human Space Flight Centre in Bengaluru for its ₹10,000-crore manned space mission 'Gaganyaan' scheduled for 2021. 
    • This new centre will be responsible for development of engineering systems for crew survival in space and crew selection and training. 
    • It'll also pursue activities for sustained human space flight missions.
  • The Defence Acquisitions Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman approved indigenous construction of 6 submarines worth 40 thousand crore rupees.
    • It is the second project under the Ministry's ambitious strategic partnership model aiming to boost the government's Make in India' program.
    • The first project to get the government's nod for implementation under the new model was the acquisition of 111 utility helicopters for the Navy at a cost of over 21 thousand crore rupees in August last year.
  • The Defence Acquisitions Council has also approved the acquisition of about five thousand MILAN Anti Tank Guided Missiles for the Army.
    • The French-origin anti-tank guided missiles are meant for the Indian infantry to destroy Main battle tanks which are fitted with Explosive Reactive Armour.
Banking, Business  & Economic Affairs
  • The central banks of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia have launched a common digital currency titled "Aber".
    • This new digital currency will be used in financial settlements between the two countries through Blockchains and Distributed Ledgers technologies
    • Through this digital currency, both the United Arab Emirates Central Bank (UAECB) and the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) are studying the impact on the improvement and reduction of remittance costs and the assessments of risks.
  • A Reserve Bank of India (RBI) panel has decided to remove Bank of India and Bank of Maharashtra from its Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework
    • The move follows improvements in the asset quality and capital ratios of both banks.
    • Note : State-run banks with high levels of bad debt and inadequate capital are brought under the PCA framework.
  • Retired Justice Srikrishna's enquiry panel has found that ex-CEO of ICICI, Chanda Kochhar violated the Bank's code of conduct. 
    • The bank said it'll treat Kochhar's exit as termination and will take back all bonuses paid to her from April 2009 until March 2018. 
    • Note : The CBI recently filed a case against Kochhar, her husband, and Videocon MD in the ICICI-Videocon loan case.
  • The government has cut down customs duty on import of parts and components for electric vehicles to 10-15%, down from the previous 15-30%. 
    • The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs said disassembled parts will attract 10% duty, whereas 15% will be levied on pre-assembled packs.
    • However, fully built electric vehicles will continue to attract 25% import duty.
  • Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar, who also holds Finance portfolio, presented annual budget of Rs. 19,548.69 crore for the year 2019-20 as against 17,123.28 crore rupees for the year 2018-19, representing an increase of 14.16 per cent over last year.
  • British chemist Stewart Adams (95) passed away.
    • He discovered that painkiller ibuprofen worked when he cured his own hangover.
New Appointments
  • Vice Admiral G Ashok Kumar assumed charge as Vice Chief of the Naval Staff.
  • Vice Admiral MS Pawar assumed charge as Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
  • Vice Admiral Ajit Kumar P took over as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command in Mumbai. 
  • Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah was crowned 16th King of Malaysia, nearly a month after Sultan Muhammad V's abdication. 
    • Note : The Malaysian King is elected on a rotational basis from the sultans of the country's 9 states for a 5-year term.
  • Deepika Padukone has taken over as Chairperson of Mumbai Academy of Moving Image (MAMI), replacing filmmaker Kiran Rao, who served as chairperson for four years. 
  • Yes Bank has announced it has appointed director Ajai Kumar as interim MD and CEO of the lender. 
    • Note : Kumar will take charge on February 1 for one month or till Ravneet Singh Gill assumes office as MD & CEO. 
  • Pharma major Dr Reddy's Laboratories has appointed Axis Bank's former MD and CEO Shikha Sanjaya Sharma as the company's independent additional director for a period of five years.
    • Sharma served as Axis Bank's head from June 2009 to December 2018 and was replaced by Amitabh Chaudhry.
  • US chipmaker Intel has named Robert Swan as the 7th Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in its 50-year history. 
    • He is going to replace Brian Krzanich, who left the company after the board was informed that he had an affair with an employee.
  • In Bihar, 1987 batch IPS officer Gupteshwar Pandey appointed as new Director General of Police (DGP)
    • He is going to replace K S Dwivedi, who  retired today.

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