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February 06, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 3rd February 2016

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Hi Friends, I am Kani. Here I am sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 3rd February 2016. Happy Reading :)

Topic 1 : "Gearing up for the Zika threat"

  • Gearing up - to ​prepare for something that you have to do
  • Congenital - a disease ​exists from ​birth
  • Malformations - a condition in which a ​part of the ​body is ​wrongly ​formed
  • Emergency - a serious, unexpected, and dangerous situation requiring immediate action
  • Outbreak - a sudden occurrence of something dangerous (war or disease)
  • Foetal - related to the child in the womb (unborn)
  • Immune system - the ​cells and ​tissues in the ​body that make it ​able to ​protect itself against ​infection
  • Placenta - the ​temporary ​organ that ​feeds a developing ​baby inside ​its mother's ​womb
  • Epidemic - a situation in which a large number of people get the same disease at the same time
  • Microcephaly - abnormal smallness of the head
  • Ethical - relating to moral principles
  • Stray - not in the right place
  • Urged - recommended (something) strongly
  • Endemic - a disease regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
  • Unreliable - not ​able to be ​trusted or ​believed
  • Virology - the branch of science that deals with the study of viruses
  • Surveillance - close observation
  • Prevalence - existing very ​commonly or ​happening often
  • Contingency - something that might ​possibly ​happen in the ​future (usually ​causing ​problems)

Topic 2 : "Hope floats again on Section 377"
  • Criminalise - turn (someone) into a criminal by making their activities illegal
  • Medieval - uncivilized
  • Prejudice - an ​unfair and ​unreasonable ​opinion
  • Invalidate - to ​prove that an ​opinion is ​wrong
  • Resurrected - restore to life
  • Declined - politely refuse
  • Retrograde - returning to ​older and ​worse ​conditions
  • Uphold - confirm or support
  • Contentious - controversial
  • Verdict - judgement
  • Paved the way - to make something possible
  • Comprehensive - complete (including everything that is ​necessary)
  • Orientation - the ​particular things that a ​person ​prefers
  • Traverse - travel across something
  • Curative -  ​cause to get ​better
  • Essentially - importantly
  • Aggrieved - unhappy and ​angry because of ​unfair ​treatment
  • Litigants - people who are ​fighting a ​legal ​case
  • Consensual - with the ​willing ​agreement of all the ​people ​involved
  • Inflict - to ​force someone to ​experience something very ​unpleasant
  • Intervening - take part in something to prevent or alter a result
  • Jurisprudence - a legal system
  • Transgender - a person whose sexuality or gender is not readily characterized as male or female
  • Entitled - to give someone the ​right to do something
  • Criticism - the ​act of saying that something or someone is ​bad
  • Evidence - anything that can be used to prove something
  • Harassment - the act of continuously abusing, insulting, or harming
  • Discrimination - treating somebody ​differently (in a ​worse way) from the way in which you ​treat other ​people
  • Insignificant - too small or unimportant to consider
  • Rebuttal - a ​statement that says that something is not ​true
  • Minuscule - extremely small (tiny)
  • Remedy - a ​successful way of ​curing a ​problem or ​difficulty
  • Consequences - a result or effect

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