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January 20, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 19th January 2016

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Hi Friends, I am Kani. Here I am sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 19th January 2016. Happy Reading :)

Topic 1 : "A new beginning with Iran"

  • Diplomacy - the ​management of ​relationships between ​countries
  • Crisis - an ​extremely ​difficult or ​dangerous ​point in a ​situation
  • Dubious - doubting
  • Rein - to guide / control something
  • Decommission - withdraw something (especially weapons or military equipment) from service
  • Enrichment - improvement
  • Stockpile - a ​large ​amount of stock (​food, ​goods, or ​weapons) that are ​kept ​ready for ​future use
  • Complied - ​acted ​according to an ​order
  • Sanction - a ​strong ​action taken in ​order to make ​somebody ​obey a ​law or ​rule / a ​punishment given when they do not ​obey (penalty)
  • Reintegration - to restore to a condition of unity
  • Hostility -  ​fighting in a ​war
  • Counterpart - person of equal level / job
  • Determination - the ​ability to ​continue ​trying to do something, ​although it is very ​difficult
  • Steadfast - staying the same for a ​long ​time and not ​changing ​quickly or ​unexpectedly
  • Tormented -  ​great ​mental ​suffering and ​unhappiness
  • Conflict - ​disagreement between ​people with ​opposing ​opinions
  • Substantial - large in ​size
  • Patrol - the ​act of ​checking that there is no ​trouble or ​danger in an ​area (especially police / soldiers)
  • Consensus - a general agreement
  • Enhanced - increased
  • Posturing - behavior or ​speech that is ​intended to ​attract ​attention and ​interest / to make ​people ​believe something that is not ​true
  • Elite - most ​powerful
  • D├ętente - an ​improvement in the ​relationship between two ​countries that in the past were not ​friendly and did not ​trust each other
  • Sustain - to ​cause or ​allow something to ​continue for a ​period of ​time
  • Momentum - the ​force that ​keeps an ​event ​developing
  • In the long run - at a ​time that is ​far away in the ​future
  • Take the cue from something - to be ​strongly ​influenced by something
  • Vital - absolutely necessary

Topic 2 : "Death of a Dalit scholar"

  • Scholar - a ​person who ​studies a ​subject in ​great ​detail, ​especially at a ​university
  • Testimony - evidence or proof of something
  • Feudal - a society that is ​organized ​according to ​rank (in which people of lower level of ​society ​receive ​land to ​live and ​work for those ​higher than them in ​rank)
  • Roil - to upset (someone or something) very much
  • Harbour - keep (a thought or feeling, typically a negative one) in one's mind / especially secretly
  • Delusion - belief in something that is not ​true
  • Meritocracies - a ​social ​system / organization in which ​people have ​power because of ​their ​abilities, not because of ​their ​money or ​social ​position
  • Blatant - done openly without shame
  • Punitive - intended as a ​punishment
  • Affiliate - officially attached to an organization
  • Culminated - reached a climax or point of highest development
  • Cut short - to ​stop doing something before it is ​finished
  • Abetment - to encourage / force to do something
  • Violation - doing something that is not allowed by a law or rule
  • Atrocity - an ​extremely ​cruel, ​violent, or ​shocking ​act
  • Circumstances - events that ​change ​your ​life, over which you have no ​control
  • Sparked - a first ​small ​event or ​problem that ​causes a much ​worse ​situation t
  • Extremist - someone who has ​beliefs that most ​people ​think are ​unreasonable and ​unacceptable
  • Onerous - a task involving a great effort, trouble, or difficulty
  • Futile - having no ​effect or ​achieving nothing
  • Discrimination - treating a ​person or ​particular ​group of ​people ​differently, ​especially in a ​worse way from the way in which you ​treat other ​people (because of ​their ​skin ​colour, ​sex etc)
  • Damning - a report which includes a lot of ​criticism or ​shows ​clearly that someone is ​wrong
  • Indictment - a ​sign that a ​policy, ​system, ​society, etc. is ​bad or ​wrong
  • Ghetto - very ​poor ​area, where ​people of a ​particular ​race or ​religion ​live ​closely together and ​apart from other ​people
  • Virulent - extremely poisonous or injurious
  • Hostile - unfriendly
  • Prejudice - an ​unfair and ​unreasonable ​opinion or ​feeling
  • Exclusion -  the ​act of not ​allowing someone to take ​part in an ​activity or to ​enter a ​place
  • Rot - unacceptable behavior

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