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October 06, 2015

2nd October 2015 - Important Current Affairs updates

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International Affairs
  • Today (2nd October) is International Day of Non-Violence, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi had taken a proposal for an International Day of Non-Violence.
    • On 15 June 2007 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish 2nd October as the International Day of Non-Violence.
  • Ahead of the climate change summit in Paris later this year, India has pledged to curb its greenhouse gas emissions by up to 35% by 2030 from the 2005 level.
    • In its INDC submitted to the UNFCCC last night, India announced that it aims at achieving around 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
    • INDC -  Intended Nationally Determined Contribution
    • UNFCCC -  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
    • Environment Minister : Prakash Javadekar
  • Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral R K Dhowan has left for Australia on a Six-day visit to consolidate existing maritime cooperation initiatives, as well as explore new avenues.
    • Admiral Dhowan's Australia's visit has been programmed to coincide with the prestigious annual Sea Power Conference organised by the Australia Navy which provides opportunities to engage with heads of over 40 navies.
    • During the visit, he is scheduled to hold discussions with the chief of the Royal Australian Navy, vice-chief of defence staff, defence secretary and other senior naval officers.

National Affairs
  • The Nation pays homage to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on his 146th Birth
  • Nation pays homage to former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri on his 111th Birth anniversary today.
    • Shastri served as prime minister from June 9, 1964, until his sudden death in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on January 11, 1966.
    • He successfully led the nation during the 22-day war with Pakistan in 1965. 
    • He gave the slogan of 'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan', which led to a rare display of unity in the country during India-Pakistan war.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi's flagship programme SwachhBharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission) completes one year today.
    • The programme was launched with great enthusiasm and commitment by the Prime Minister on this day last year pledging to make the cities and villages adopt cleanliness as habit both for the sake of the environment and health of the people.
    • The main component of the mission was construction of toilets and in this respect, Gujarat is among the top eight performers but five Union Territories and four North Eastern states, besides Kerala and Tamil Nadu were yet to make a start.
  • PM Narendra Modi inaugurated India's 1st solar plant in Khunti district of Jharkhand.
    • This marks beginning of second phase of digital India campaign after launch of e-courts.
    • Khunti District Court is the first District Court in the country to have Solar Power Plant inaugurated by the PM Modi.
    • Modi is the first Prime Minister who has visited Khunti.
    • Khunti is the Maoist affected district,area dominated by the Catholic Church.
    • This was the birth place of the tribal hero Birsa Munda.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi also launched the Mudra scheme in Dumka (Jharkhand) under which people can take loans up to Rs 10 lakh to start businesses.
    • About MUDRA  
    • MUDRA - Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency
    • The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana was launched in April to help small entrepreneurs. 
    • In Jharkhand, around one lakh people have been given loans under the Mudra scheme.
    • Till now, 42 lakh people have taken benefits under the Mudra scheme and loans of Rs 26,000 crore have been given.
    • Of these 42 lakh people, 20 lakh are women. 
  • Under the umbrella of Swachh Bharat campaign, the government has launched yet another initiative to promote Clean Energy in India. 
    • To mark the first anniversary of Swachh Bharat Campaign the Urban Development Ministry has announced that it is planning to generate power and compost from municipal waste.
    • Union Urban Development Minister : M. Venkaiah Naidu

Awards & Honors
  • Inuit leader Sheila Watt-Cloutier is one of three winners of the 2015 Right Livelihood Awards for her work on climate change in the Arctic.
    • Watt-Cloutier is the author of The Right to be Cold: One Woman's Story of Protecting Her Culture, the Arctic, and the Whole Planet, published in March of this year. 
    • She shared the prize with Ugandan activist Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera, who fights for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual and intersexual (LGBTI) communities, and Italian doctor Gino Strada, who founded the medical charity “Emergency” that helps rehabilitate war victims.
    • The awards, dubbed the 'alternative Nobels,' include a  $475,000 cash prize that Watt-Cloutier will share with the two other recipients.

Business & Economy
  • In a bid to bolster it's finances,  the Maharashtra government has decided to levy a surcharge to tackle drought in the state
    • This is the first time since 1973 that a state government has decided to take such a drastic step.
    • With this move, a range of items including petrol, diesel, alcohol, cigarettes, cold drinks, diamond and gold jewellery cost more in Maharashtra.
  • Manila-headquartered Asian Development Bank (ADB) will help finance the increased transmission capacity of the cross-border electricity link between India and Bangladesh.
    • ADB's loan of USD 120 million to Bangladesh will double the capacity of the existing interconnection system which links the power grid of western Bangladesh at Bheramara and the grid of eastern India at Bharampur.
  • India has finally surpassed China in Cotton production and emerged world’s largest cotton producer in the season ended September 30, 2015.
Read more Daily Current Affairs updates from here

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