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June 26, 2014

National Insignia (Symbols) of India


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The Insignia is a symbol or token of personal power, status or office, or of an official body of government or jurisdiction. The Republic of India has several official national symbols / insignia including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times. Below is the list of Important National Symbols.

National Emblem :

The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Buddhist Lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.

National Animal

The Tiger is the National Animal of India. It is the symbol of India's wealth of wildlife. The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal.

National Bird

THe Peacock (Pavo Cristatus), is the National Bird of India. It is the symbol of qualities like beauty and grace.

National Flag 

The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and the dark green at the bottom and a blue wheel (chakra) with 24 sticks at the centre.

National Fruit 

The Mango (Mangiferra Indica) is the National Fruit. It has been cultivated in India since time immemorial.

National Tree

The National Tree of India is the Banyan (Ficus bengalensis) Tree. This huge tree towers over its neighbors and has the widest trunk. 

National Sport

Field Hockey, in which India has an impressive record with eight Olympic medals, is considered as the National Sport. However, Home Ministry has said that officially, no sport has been accorded, the status of national Sport.

National Anthem 

Jana-Gana-Mana.. .the song was composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, adopted in its Hindi version is our National Anthem.


National Song

The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, is our National song.

National Calender 

The National Calender based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22nd March, 1957.

National Flower

Lotus, scientifically known as Nelumbo nucifera is the National Flower of India.

Other National Symbols of India

  • National Sentence - Satyamev Jayate
  • Father of the Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
  • National Foreign Policy - Non-Alignment
  • National Information Letter - White Letter
  • National Currency - Rupee
  • National Festivals -
    • Republic Day (26th January)
    • Independence Day (15th August)
    • Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October)
  • National River - Ganga
  • National Aquatic Animal - Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
  • National Heritage Animal - Elephant
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  1. The part that describes the official language of the Indian democracy have to be written to promote a feeling of unity among Indian citizens. As we know that even today anywhere between 300 to 1,000 languages are spoken in India, this makes an integral part of the Indian constitution.

    The official language of India shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

    Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used immediately before such commencement: Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order authorise the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union.

    Notwithstanding anything in this article, Parliament may by law provide for the use, after the said period of fifteen years, of-

    The English language, or

    The Devanagari form of numerals, for such purposes as may be specified in the law.


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