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June 26, 2014

Important Rules of Adjectives


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An adjective is a word which qualified a noun. Adjectives are also used for comparison. Adjective of comparison have three degrees. Those are, Positive, Comparative and Superlative. Below are some important rules you should know about Adjectives.
  • A Superlative degree is always preceded by the
  • A Comparative degree is followed by than and
  • A Positive degree both preceded and followed by as (in negative sentences, it can be preceded by so also).
    • Eg :
      • He is the cleverest boy in the class.
      • The Ganges is longer than any other river in India.
      • Bombay is as big as Calcutta.
      • He is not so clever as his brother.
  • When there are only two things for comparision, the superlative degree cannot be used, instead of it, the comparative degree is used.
    • Eg : Of the two books, this is the cheaper.
  • When the comparison is limited to a certain aspect of two nouns, the word that of / those of is added with the second noun.
    • Eg :
      • The climate of Bangalore is better than that of Delhi.
      • The streets of Bombay are wider than those of Pune.
  • The following words which are used as comparative are followed by to. 
    • Senior, Junior, Superior, Inferior, Anterior, Posterior, Prior, Elder, Preferable
      • Eg : He is senior to my brother
      • Death is more preferable to wealth
  • Than  and as are followed by nominative case to  is followed by accusative case pronoun.
    • Eg :
      • He is elder than I
      • He is elder to me
      • He is as old as I
  • Elder and eldest  are used with members of the same family only while older and oldest can be used anywhere. 
    • Eg 
      • He is the eldest son of Mr. Sharma
      • He is the oldest boy in the class
      • Our school is the oldest school in the city.
  • Less  is used with uncountable nouns and fewer is used with countable nouns.
    • Eg 
      • There are fewer than forty boys in the class.
      • There is less than  two kilos of sugar in the bag
  • Former and Latter are used only when there are two things / persons. If there are more than two, they cannot be used.
    • Eg 
      • Of tea and coffee, I prefer the latter
      • Of tea, coffee and milk, I prefer the last

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