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May 28, 2012

Shortcut for Multiplication (Base Number Method)


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We've already discussed some short cut tips for Multiplications. You can check that post Here. Now we shall discuss another  Simple and Useful method for Multiplication. In this method we take a base (according to the given numbers) and do the multiplication according to that base. Assume that you have to multiply 97 with 92. The power of 10 to which these two numbers are close is 100. We call this 100 as the base. Now write these two numbers with the difference from the base. 
97 ------>  -3  (because 97 is obtained as 100 - 3)
92 ------> -8 (because 92 is obtained as 100  -8)
Then take the sum of the two numbers (including their signs) along either one of the two diagonals (see, it will be same for both cases). 

Have a look at the above example, 

The diagonal sum is 97 - 8 =  92 - 3  =  89

This will form the first part of the Answer.

The second part of the answer is the product (taken along with the sign) of the difference from the power of 10 written for the two numbers. In the above example it is the product of -3 and -8 which is 24.

So, putting these two parts (89 and 24) together one next to the other, the answer is 8924, i.e., the product of 97 and 92 is 8924.

Note : Here keep in mind that the product of the two deviations should have as many digits as the number of zeros in the base. For Example, in this case the product of -8 and -3 has 2 digits which is the same as the number of zeroes in 100.

Lets have a look at another example so that you can understand the above method completely. 

Find the product of 113 and 118

Here, both the numbers are greater than 100 and the base here is 100. Taking the difference of the two numbers 113 and 118 from the base, we get +13 and +18 and write them as below.

113   ----- >  + 13
118   ----- >  +18
_____            _______
131                  234                Ans : 13334

The first part of the answer is the cross-total of 113 and +18 which is 131. The second part of the answer, i.e., the product of the deviations (+13 and +18) is equal to 234. But we said there should be as many digits in this product as the number of zeroes in the base (which is 100 here). Since the base has two zeroes, the second part of the answer should also have two digits. Since 234 has three digits, we should retain two digits 4 and 3 and carry forward the third digit 2 to the first part of the answer. hence, the first part of the  answer now becomes 133 and the second part is 34. The product of 113 and 118 is thus equal to 13334.

If you want to know the multiplication tips by using the base numbers other than 100 (like 200, 300, 1000, 50 etc...) click Here.

Thats all for now friends... Tomorrow we shall discuss another shortcut method. Happy Reading :)

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  1. its good for me, thanxxx

  2. is me anish from delhi....

  3. really great..........i appreciate u heartfully for ur work ..thanks a lot

  4. Thanks a lot.....

  5. thanks a lot... your shortcuts for additions are better than arun sharma's... thanks again

  6. a small dbt sir if we have a product of 598*141 then we get the 1st part as 639 and second part as 20418 how to solve them

  7. A small dbt if we make a product of 598*141 then we get 639 as 1st part and 20418 as 2nd part how can we solve it

  8. If I am to do 53 x 67 what should the base be? 50? 60? or 70?.


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