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September 27, 2018

27th September 2018 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are today's (27th September 2018) Important Current Affairs updates. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 27th September 2018

International Current Affairs
  • Today (27th September) is World Tourism Day.
    • The purpose of this day is to raise awareness on the role of tourism within the international community and to demonstrate how it affects social, cultural, political and economic values worldwide.
    • The World Tourism Day celebration was started by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in the year 1980.
    • This date was chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of the UNWTO were adopted. The adoption of these Statutes is considered a milestone in global tourism. 
    • The official celebrations this year's World Tourism Day took place in Budapest, Hungary.
    • In India, the celebrations began in Goa and are organised by Goa Tourism Development Corporation (GTDC). 
    • Theme of World Tourism Day 2018 : "Tourism and the Digital Transformation"
National Current Affairs
  • In a landmark judgement today, the Supreme Court scrapped the 150-year old Section 497, which deals with Adultery saying it is unconstitutional. 
    • Reading out the judgement, the Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra clearly stated that equality is the need of the hour. 
    • He added, "Section 497 is manifestly arbitrary, offends dignity of women." He further said, "Any provision treating woman with inequality is not Constitutional."
    • He also added that time has come when the husband should not be considered the master.
    • What is Adultery Law :
    • According to the adultery law, a man can be punished for having a sexual relationship with a married woman without the consent of her husband.
    • In India, adultery is a crime and the punishment for the same can be imprisonment for five years, or fine, or both.
  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved National Digital Communications Policy-2018 (NDCP 2018).  
    • It replaces existing National Telecom Policy-2012 to cater to the modern needs of the digital communications sector of India.
    • It also has re-designated Telecom Commission as Digital Communications Commission.
Awards & Honors
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is among the 6 winners of the UN's highest environmental honour, the 'Champions of the Earth' award
    • He has been recognised for his leadership of the International Solar Alliance and pledge to eliminate single-use plastic in India by 2022. 
    • Note : Cochin International Airport was given the award for its leadership in the use of sustainable energy.
  • The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore has been named the Top Indian institute for the 5th straight year in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and was placed in the 251-300 bracket.
    • Top 4 in the Rankings
      • IISc, Bangalore
      • IIT, Indore
      • IIT, Bombay 
      • IIT, Roorkee
    • Note : Globally, Oxford University continues to hold the first place, followed by Cambridge, Stanford, and MIT.
MOUs & Agreements
  • Indian Navy has signed contract with Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) located in Visakhapatnam for construction of two Diving Support Vessels (DSV)
    • These vessels will help to augment Indian Navy’s submarine support operations on either coast.
Science & Technology
  • India's first all-electric hypercar concept, Vazirani Shul, designed and developed by Mumbai-based Vazirani Automotive has been officially unveiled in the country. 
    • The car comes with an electric motor on each wheel, making it an all-wheel-drive product with a single-ratio gearbox.
    • It has been built with inputs from the Force India Formula One team and the tyre manufacturer, Michelin.
  • A 10-foot-tall bird, Vorombe titan, known to have become extinct around 1,000 years ago in Madagascar, has been declared as the world's largest bird
    • With a 650-kg mean body mass, it belonged to the family of flightless animals including the kiwi and the ostrich. 
  • Indian Air Force (IAF) has successfully test fired indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) Astra from Su-30 figher aircraft. 
    • The missile was tested at Kalaikunda Air Force Station, West Bengal. During the test, missile successfully engaged manoeuvring target with high precision meeting mission objectives.
Banking, Business & Economic Affairs
  • Argentina has received $57.1 billion from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) aimed at boosting the country's struggling economy.
    • This is the biggest loan package ever from the global body.
  • The Cabinet today cleared a proposal to convert GST Network (GSTN) into a 100% government-owned company.
    • 50% stake will be owned by the Centre and the remaining by the states. 
    • Currently, the Centre and states together hold 49% stake in GSTN, which provides IT infrastructure to the new indirect tax regime.
  • The government has raised Import duties on 19 "non-essential items" including air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines and jewellery items in a bid to reduce the Current Account Deficit. 
    • The total value of imports of these items in FY18 was about ₹86,000 crore
    • The other items include speakers, radial car tyres, suitcases, kitchenware, office stationery, and certain plastic goods.
  • The Union Cabinet today cleared a ₹5,500-crore incentive package for the Sugar industry
    • Under the package, the government will give transport subsidies of ₹1,000-3,000 per tonne to sugar mills, depending on their distance from ports. 
    • The Cabinet approved raising the price the government directly pays to cane growers to ₹13.88 a quintal in the new season beginning October 2018.
  • Union Government has approved Rs 8,606 crore for 60 projects being implemented under umbrella scheme of Border Infrastructure and Management (BIM).  
    • The projects are being implemented in 111 border districts in 17 states having the international borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh
    • It will help to meet special development needs of people living in those areas within 50 kms of the international border. 
    • Important Point to Note : India shares borders with the following countries : 
      • Pakistan (3,323 km)
      • China (3,488 km)
      • Nepal (1,751 km)
      • Bhutan (699 km)
      • Myanmar (1,643 km) 
      • Bangladesh (4,096 km)
New Appointments
  • International non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, WikiLeaks has replaced Julian Assange as its Editor-in-chief with former spokesperson Kristinn Hrafnsson
    • This comes after the Ecuadorian embassy banned Assange from having visitors, taking phone calls or accessing the internet. 
Sports Current Affairs
  • Indian shuttler Saina Nehwal reached the quarter-final stage of the Korea Open after defeating Kim Ga Eun (South Korea) today. 
    • Nehwal is the only Indian left in the tournament after Sameer Verma and Vaishnavi Reddy Jakka crashed out yesterday.

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