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May 15, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 15th May 2017

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 15th May 2017. You can click on the Titles to read the Editorials. Happy reading :)

Note : There were no editorials in THE HINDU on 14th May 2017 (Sunday)

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Be scientific: on taking a call on GM mustard's usage"

  • Scientific - careful and using a system or method
  • Appraisal - to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success, or needs
  • Evaluate - to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount, or value of something
  • Transgenic - a transgenic plant or animal contains genes from a different plant or animal that have been introduced using a laboratory technique
  • Hurdle - one of several problems that you must solve before you can do something successfully
  • Cultivate -  to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities
  • Overrule - to officially change a decision that someone else has made
  • Exceptionalism - the idea that a person, country or political system can be allowed to be different from, and perhaps better than, others
  • Edible - food that is edible is safe or good enough to eat
  • Impact - an effect, or an influence
  • Multinational - a multinational company or business has offices, shops, or factories in several countries
  • Stake - the part of a business that you own because you have invested money in it
  • On the other hand - used for giving two different opinions about something
  • Former - used for describing someone or something that had a particular job, title, status etc in the past, but not now
  • In essence - used for emphasizing what is the most important feature of something
  • Bacterium - a type of very small organism that lives in air, earth, water, plants, and animals, often one that causes disease
  • Self-pollination - the process by which pollen from the male part of a flower is carried to the female part of the same flower or to another flower of the same type
  • Amenable - willing to do something or to agree with someone
  • Hybridisation - the process of producing a plant or animal from two different types of plant or animal
  • Custom - used before another word to mean "specially designed for a particular person or purpose
  • Trait - a particular characteristic that can produce a particular type of behaviour
  • Pest - an insect or small animal that damages plants or supplies of food
  • Resistance - the ability not to be affected or harmed by something
  • Toxicity - the level of poison contained in a drug, or the ability of a drug to poison the body
  • Unlikely - not likely to happen
  • Proponent - someone who publicly supports an idea, policy, plan etc
  • Vary with - to be different in different situations
  • Compel - to force someone to do something, or to get something from someone using force
  • Herbicide - a chemical used for killing weeds (=plants that are not wanted)
  • Successive - coming or happening one after another in a series
  • At the mercy of - in a situation that is controlled by someone or something with the power to harm you
  • Expediency - the use of methods that produce an immediate result or solution to a problem, but may not be fair or honest

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "One step forward: on Colombia's new challenges"

  • One step forward, two steps back - if you take one step forward, two steps back, you make progress but then experience events that cause you to be further behind than you were when you made the progress
  • Confront - to deal with a difficult situation
  • Integration -  the process of becoming a full member of a group or society, and becoming involved completely in its activities
  • Civil war - a war fought between different groups of people within the same country
  • Conflict - angry disagreement between people or groups
  • Conventional - of the usual, traditional, or accepted type, instead of being new and different
  • Festering - infected
  • Breakthrough - a discovery or achievement that comes after a lot of hard work
  • Accord - a formal agreement between countries or groups
  • Demobilise - to send members of military forces home, especially after a war has ended
  • Amnesty - a situation in which a government agrees not to punish, or to no longer punish, people who have committed a particular crime
  • Rebel - someone who tries to remove a government or leader using force
  • Transition - the process of changing from one situation, form, or state to another
  • Setback - a problem that delays or that stops progress or makes a situation worse
  • Referendum - an occasion when everyone in a country can vote to make a decision about one particular subject
  • Piecemeal - made or done in separate stages rather than being planned and done as a whole
  • Negotiation - formal discussions in which people or groups try to reach an agreement, especially in a business or political situation
  • Reform - a change that is intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair, or make a system work more effectively
  • Disarming - making someone feel less angry or unfriendly because of the way you behave or talk to them
  • Weaponry - weapons in general, or all the weapons that a country or army has
  • Milestone - an event or achievement that marks an important stage in a process
  • Fraught with - full of unpleasant things such as problems or dangers
  • Dissident - someone who disagrees publicly with a government, especially in a country where this is not allowed
  • Retribution - punishment that someone deserves because they have done something very bad
  • Narcotic - any illegal drug, especially one that is addictive (=that someone depends on)
  • Retreat -  if an army retreats, it moves away from a position because of danger or defeat
  • Thrive - to become very successful, happy, or healthy
  • Vacuum - a situation in which something is missing
  • Agrarian - relating to or involving farming or farmers
  • Paramilitary group - a paramilitary group is organized like an army but is not official and often not legal
  • Reminiscent - similar to something else
  • Prone - likely to be affected by something, especially something bad
  • Determine - to control or influence something directly, or to decide what will happen
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