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April 09, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 8th April 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 8th April 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "His Mugabe moment? — On the backlash to President Jacob Zuma's power grab"

  • Backlash - a strong, negative, and often angry reaction to something that has happened, especially a political or social change
  • Trigger - an event or situation, etc. that causes something to start
  • Resistance - the act of refusing to accept something
  • Anticipated - to imagine or expect that something will happen
  • Various - many different
  • Colleague - one of a group of people who work together
  • Shuffle - an occasion when the positions of people or things within a particular group are changed
  • Concern - a feeling of worry about something, especially one that a lot of people have about an important issue
  • Tottering - to become weaker and less likely to carry on existing
  • Ailing - experiencing difficulty and problems
  • Laureate - a person who has been given a very high honour because of their ability in a subject of study
  • Protester - someone who shows that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs, etc
  • Resign - to give up a job or position by telling your employer that you are leaving
  • Rand - the standard unit of money used in South Africa
  • Prospect - the possibility that something good might happen in the future
  • Stepping down - to leave an important job or position, especially to allow someone else to take your place
  • Unlikely - not probable or likely to happen
  • Successor - someone or something that comes after another person or thing
  • Glory - admiration and praise that you get because you have done something impressive
  • Split over something - to be unable to agree about something
  • Shake-up - a large change in the way something is organized
  • Jittery - feeling nervous and upset, and sometimes being unable to keep still because of this
  • Tainted - spoiled; damaged in quality, taste, or value
  • Scandal - an action or event that causes a public feeling of shock and strong moral disapproval
  • Manoeuvre - a cleverly planned action that is intended to get an advantage
  • Despite - used for saying that something happens even though something else might have prevented it
  • Secular - not having any connection with religion
  • Integrity - the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change
  • Key - very important and having a lot of influence on other people or things
  • Ruling - a decision
  • Reimburse - to pay back money to someone who has spent it for you or lost it because of you
  • Monies - amounts of money
  • Dispute - an argument or disagreement
  • Allegedly - to say that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof
  • Apartheid - a political system in which people of different races are separated
  • Ethos - the set of beliefs, ideas, etc. about the social behaviour and relationships of a person or group
  • Vibrant - energetic, exciting, and full of enthusiasm
  • Neighbouring - neighbouring places are next to or near each other
  • Predatory - treating other people badly for your own benefit
  • Elite - the richest, most powerful, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society
  • Sacking - an act of removing someone from a job
  • Echo - a detail that is similar to and makes you remember something else
  • Tendency - if someone has a tendency to do or like something, they will probably do it or like it
  • Use the race card - to try to gain an advantage by drawing attention to someone's race or to issues of race
  • Reform - a change that is intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair, or make a system work more effectively
  • Deprived - not having the things that are necessary for a pleasant life, such as enough money, food, or good living conditions
  • Masses - the ordinary people who form the largest group in a society
  • Prosperity - the state of being successful and having a lot of money
  • Laid the foundations - to produce the basic ideas or structures from which something much larger develops
  • Take the reins - to take control of something, especially an organization or a country

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "Track to efficiency: On creating a Rail Development Authority"

  • Paradigm shift - a time when the usual and accepted way of doing or thinking about something changes completely
  • Significant - important or noticeable
  • Reform - to make an improvement
  • Infrastructure - the basic systems and services, such as transport and power supplies, that a country or organization uses in order to work effectively
  • Unmet - not satisfied, or achieved
  • Aspiration - something that you hope to achieve
  • Freight - goods / the money paid for transporting goods
  • Empowered - confident and in control of your life
  • Regulator - an official who makes certain that the companies who operate a system, such as the national electricity supply, work effectively and fairly
  • Optimally - in the best or most favourable way
  • Overcoming - to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
  • Inefficiencies - a situation in which someone or something fails to use resources such as time, materials, or labour in an effective way
  • Intertwined - twisted together or closely connected so as to be difficult to separate
  • Detrimental - harmful or damaging
  • Massive - very large in size, amount, or number
  • Conversely - from a different and opposite way of looking at this
  • Robust - strongly
  • Expansion - the process of increasing in size
  • Reconcile - to find a way in which two situations or beliefs that are opposed to each other can agree and exist together
  • Intervention - a situation in which someone becomes involved in a particular issue, problem etc in order to influence what happens
  • Declining - reducing
  • Freight - the money paid for transporting goods
  • Facilitate - to make something possible or easier
  • Monopolistic - the situation in which an organization or group has complete control of something
  • De-risk - to make something safer by reducing the possibility that something bad will happen and that money will be lost
  • Besides - in addition to; also
  • Inducting - to officially accept someone / something
  • Interior - the inside part of something
  • Obligation - something that you must do for legal or moral reasons
  • Sequential - following a particular order
  • Sustainable - able to continue over a period of time
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