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January 23, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 21st January 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 21st January 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Living in a hotter world"
  • Turned the page - to leave an event or series of events behind and continue (to make a fresh start)
  • Revelation - the act of making something known that was secret
  • In a row - one after another, without anything different happening in between
  • Aggravate - to make a bad situation worse
  • El Nino - a change in the currents of the Pacific Ocean off the South American coast that can seriously affect the weather in the region, often causing major problems such as floods
  • Phenomenon - an event or situation that can be seen to happen or exist
  • Intensive - involving a lot of something
  • Emission - the act of sending out gas, heat, light, etc
  • Atmosphere - the mixture of gases around the earth
  • Declining - becoming less or worse
  • Compounding - to make a problem or difficult situation worse
  • Vicious - extremely violent
  • Accelerate - to happen or make something happen at a faster rate
  • Consequence - a result of a particular action or situation, often one that is bad or not convenient
  • Coastal - on land beside a sea
  • Altered - to become different
  • Drought - a long period of time when there is little or no rain and crops die
  • Biodiversity - the variety of different types of plant and animal life in a particular region
  • Yield - to produce something useful such as information or evidence
  • Heartening - to make someone feel happier and more hopeful
  • Virtually - used for emphasizing that a statement is almost completely true
  • Cautioned - to tell someone about a danger or problem that they need to know about or avoid
  • Reneging - to decide not to do something that you promised to do
  • Accord - a formal agreement between countries or groups
  • Unambiguous - clear and with only one possible meaning
  • Scaling up - to make something larger in size, amount etc than it used to be
  • Renewable energy - renewable energy and natural materials replace themselves by natural processes, so that they are never completely used up
  • Measurable - large enough to be measured, noticed, or important
  • Fossil - an animal or plant, or a part of one, that lived many thousands of years ago and is preserved in rock or as a piece of rock
  • Credible - able to be believed or trusted
  • Domestic - relating to people’s homes and family life
  • Upgrade - to improve the quality of a service or product
  • Enhanced - made better, especially by artificial methods
  • Livestock - animals such as cows, sheep, and pigs that are kept on farms
  • Vulnerable - someone who is vulnerable is weak or easy to hurt physically or mentally

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "A deserved commutation"
  • Commutation - the action of changing a punishment to one that is less severe
  • Whistle-blower - a person who tells someone in authority about something illegal that is happening, especially in a government department or a company
  • Classified - classified information is officially secret and allowed to be known by only a few people connected with the government or armed forces
  • Outgoing - leaving a job
  • Gender dysphoria - a condition in which someone believes that he or she was born with the wrong gender and would prefer to be the other gender
  • Undergoing - to experience something, especially something that is unpleasant but necessary
  • Gender reassignment - a medical operation or series of operations that change a man into a woman or a woman into a man
  • Sentence - a punishment given by a judge, usually involving a period of time that a person must spend in prison
  • Pardon - to officially forgive someone for committing a crime and free them from prison
  • Federal - relating to the central government
  • Insist - to say very strongly that something must happen or must be done
  • Pleading guilty - if you plead guilty to a criminal offence (charge) it means you accept that you committed the offence
  • Espionage - attempts to discover your enemy’s political, military, or industrial secrets using secret methods
  • Fraud - the crime of getting money by deceiving people
  • Diplomatic cable -  a confidential text message exchanged between countries
  • Dossiers - a set of documents about a person or situation
  • Assuage - to make unpleasant feelings less strong
  • Ally - a country that makes an agreement with another country that they will work together to help each other
  • In the face of something - despite having to deal with a difficult situation or problem
  • Uncomplimentary - rudely criticizing
  • Diplomats - an official whose job is to represent one country in another
  • Fraught - very worried and with a lot of problems
  • Juncture - a particular point in time
  • Embassy - the building where diplomats work
  • Extradite - to send someone accused of a crime back to the country where the crime was committed for a trial
  • Abide - to continue 
  • Allege - to say that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof
  • Malfeasance - illegal actions
  • Derail - to prevent something from continuing in the way that it was planned
  • Debacle - a complete failure
  • Mitigate - to make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad
  • Reputation - the opinion that people have about how good or how bad someone or something is
  • Superpower - a country that has great military, economic, and political power
  • Preaches - to give people advice, or to tell them how to behave, in a way that annoys them
  • Democratic - based on the principle that all people are equal and should be able to share in making decisions
  • Dissent - strong disagreement, especially with what people in authority think or with what the majority of people think
  • Come down with an iron fist - to control a group of people very firmly, having complete power over everything they do

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