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September 10, 2016

10th September 2016 - Important Current Affairs updates

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International Affairs
  • Today (2nd Saturday of September) is World First Aid Day.
    • This day is a global observance held on the second Saturday in September.
    • It was instituted by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in 2000 and has been celebrated each year ever since.
    • Princess Charlene of Monaco, goodwill ambassador of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), attended the launch of "World First Aid Day 2016" held at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland as a chief guest.
    • Theme of the year 2016 : First aid for children and by children
  • Today (10th September 2016) is World Suicide Prevention Day.
    • This is an awareness day observed to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with various activities around the world.
    • The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP), collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health, to host World Suicide Prevention Day.
  • American and Russian officials announced a Syrian ceasefire agreement today. 
    • The deal entails setting up of a "joint implementation centre" to fight ISIS after seven days of stopping hostilities starting Monday. 
    • The agreement would also allow for greater humanitarian aid access to thousands of Syrians affected by the five-year war that has killed over 4 lakh people.
  • The 41st International Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF), which began on 8th September 2016, was opened by the Denzel Washington starrer 'The Magnificent Seven', a remake of the 1960 western film. 
    • Nearly 400 feature and short films from 83 countries will be screened at the festival. 
    • Kelly Fremon Craig’s 'The Edge of Seventeen' will close the festival on 18th September 2016.
  • The External Affairs Ministry has listed 68 countries to cover by the year end, that have not been visited by any minister of the current government. 
    • The task of visiting these nations has been assigned to every Cabinet minister and Ministers of State with Independent Charge, with two countries per person, based on the utilities of the ministers' portfolios.
  • The US would continue to work "constructively" with India and other countries for India's entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), State Department spokesperson Elizabeth Trudeau announced today. 
    • Trudeau, however, refused to comment on China's opposition to India's NSG membership.
  • Home Secretary-level talks between India and Nepal concluded in Delhi today. 
    • During these talks, both sides reviewed the entire gamut of bilateral security cooperation between the two countries and agreed to strengthen it further.
    • It was also decided that the next round of talks will be held in Nepal at a mutually convenient date.
  • The 28th and 29th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit was recently concluded in Vientiane, Laos.
    • This summit was held from 6th to 8th September 2016. 
    • Prime Minister of the Lao PDR H.E. Thongloun Sisoulith was Chairperson of the summit. 
    • The summit was attended by the leaders of all 10-member nations of ASEAN.
      • They are,
        • Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Lao PDR (host), Vietnam,  Myanmar and Cambodia.
    • Theme of the Summit : “Turning Vision into Reality for a Dynamic ASEAN Community”. 

National Affairs
  • The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) has commissioned well-equipped Offshore Patrolling Vessel (OPV) named ‘Sarathi’. 
    • It was commissioned by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar at Goa Shipyard Ltd (GSL) shipyard at Vasco in south Goa.
  • In a first-of-its-kind initiative, Delhi Police today flagged off five all-women Police Control Room (PCR) vehicles for improving woman safety in the capital.
    • The PCRs, each with three women personnel, will ply in five primary areas in New Delhi. 
    • One of the women personnel will be the driver of the PCR van, another will carry an MP-5 gun.
  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation today banned the use of Samsung's Galaxy Note 7 smartphone on board an aircraft, amid several reports of the device exploding and catching fire. 
    • The Ministry has advised airlines and travelling Note 7 users not to turn on or charge the device during flights, or carry it in the checked-in baggage.
  • The Central government has decided to ban the use of polythene within a 100-metre radius of all national monuments starting 2nd October 2016, as a part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Swachh Bharat campaign
    • Note : Earlier in March, the government had banned the manufacturing of plastic bags of below 50 microns as thinner bags currently pose a major threat to the environment.
People in News
  • Somali refugee Fadumo Dayib has become the first woman ever to contest in the country's presidential elections
    • Dayib, who lives in Finland, had left Somalia 26 years ago and studied to become a public health expert. 
    • Despite receiving death threats every day, she intends to end traditions like female genital mutilation and negotiate peace with al-Shabaab militants in Somalia.
Science & Technology
  • The world's first search engine Archie, that was launched 26 years ago on this day (September 10th) in the year 1990, could locate a file on the internet only upon searching the name of the file, as it did not index the files' content.
  • Indiana-based biology professor Thomas Platt has named a parasitic flatworm 'Baracktrema obamai' in honour of US President Barack Obama
    • The 2-inch long, human hair-thin parasites that live in turtles' blood "are phenomenally incredibly resilient organisms.
  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a US space agency has launched OSIRIS-REx spacecraft to collect samples from an asteroid 101955 Bennu and return to Earth. 
    • The spacecraft was launched onboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.

General Knowledge
  • Dr Verghese Kurien, father of the White Revolution in India, led funding for India's first crowdfunded film, Manthan
    • Based on the Revolution, the film received ₹2 each from 5,00,000 Gujarat farmers, making it the film with the most number of investors. 
    • Important Point to Note : Dr Kurien, who led the world's largest dairy development programme, passed away 4 years ago in 2012 on this day (September 9th).

Awards & Honors
  • Mandi in Himachal Pradesh and Sindhudurg in Maharashtra have emerged the cleanest districts in India according Gramin Swachh Survekshan. 
    • Important Points to Note :
      • Sindhudurg was judged as the cleanest in the ‘Plains’ category 
      • Mandi was judged as the cleanest in the ‘Hills’ category
  • Haryana has won ‘Best Horticulture State’ award of the Indian Council of Food and Agriculture (ICFA). 
    • The award was bestowed upon the state for its concerted efforts made to increase the income of the farmers in horticulture. 
    • The award was received by Haryana Agriculture Minister OP Dhankar at two-day 9th Agricultural Leadership Summit 2016 that organized by ICFA in New Delhi.

Business & Economy
  • Asia's oldest stock exchange BSE today ​filed draft papers with markets regulator SEBI for its Initial Public Offering (IPO).
    • This will make it the first Indian stock exchange to be listed
  • The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has been recommended by a panel to raise fares of Delhi Metro by 66%
    • The panel has recommended that the lowest fares be increased to ₹10 from ₹8 at present and the maximum fare to ₹50 from ₹30.
    • The DMRC had last revised the fares in 2009.​
  • India's forex reserves increased by $989.5 million to an all-time high of $367.76 billion in the week ended September 2, the Reserve Bank of India has announced today. 
    • Foreign currency assets, a major component of overall reserves, rose by $952.2 million to $342.23 billion, the RBI added. 
    • The total reserves had declined marginally to $366.77 billion in the previous reporting week.
  • Following a surge in the share price of Spanish clothing and accessories retailer Zara, its co-founder Amancio Ortega has become the world’s richest man, dethroning Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates. 
    • At present, the net worth of the 80-year-old Amancio Ortega is $78 billion, while that of 60-year-old Bill Gates is $77.4 billion, as per Forbes.

  • Asia Ramazan Antar, a 22-year-old Kurdish fighter dubbed 'Angelina Jolie of Kurdistan' was reportedly killed while fighting the Islamic State in Syria. 
    • The woman was only 18 when she joined the Kurdish military organisation Yekineyen Parastina Jin (YPJ). 
    • Note :  YPJ is an all-girls division with reportedly over 7,000 female volunteer soldiers between the ages of 18 and 40.

  • India’s high jumper Mariyappan Thangavelu has created history by winning a Gold medal in the men’s high jump T-42 event
    • With this win, the 21-year old became the first medalist of India in this edition of the Paralympic Games.
  • The T42 category includes athletes with single above the knee amputations, or a comparable disability.
  • Indian cueist Pankaj Advani became the first Indian to win a medal at the Six-Red World Championships, after winning bronze at the 2016 edition of the tournament today. 
  • Serena Williams lost the women's singles world number one rank after a record 186 weeks, following her US Open semi-final defeat to Czech Karolina Pliskova yesterday. 
    • Williams, who held the top spot since February 2013, equalled Steffi Graf’s record of consecutive weeks on top. 
    • Note : Angelique Kerber, who'll play the final today, is now the top-ranked female tennis player.
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