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April 18, 2016

Vocabulary from Indian Express Editorial dated 16/04/2016

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Hello Friends,

Pratik Ankar here.

I am sharing vocabulary from Indian Express editorial dated 16/04/2016.

Find the articles here

Correct me if I got wrong somewhere.

Towards New Realism Section
  • Discourse (Noun) – Communication in speech or writing. भाषण, अभिलेख, संभाषण.
  • Oscillate (Verb) – To move repeatedly from one position to another. झुलना, डोलना.
  • Unmitigated (Adjective) – Complete and whole. पूरा, निरंतर.
  • Romanticism (Noun) – Describing in a way that makes them sound more exiting or mysterious than they really are. रोमांचकता, स्वच्छंदतावाद.
  • Realism (Noun) – A way of thinking and acting based on facts and what is possible, rather than on hopes for things that are unlikely to happen. यथार्थवाद.
  • Resentment (Noun) – To feel angry because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like. नाखुशी, क्रोध.
  • Soaring (Adjective) – Increasing quickly in amount, number, value, or level. ऊँचा हो जाने वाला.
  • Rhetoric (Noun) – Speech or writing intended to be effective and influence people. वाक्चातुर्य, व्याख्यानविद्या.
  • Convergence (Noun) – The fact that two or more things, idea, etc. become similar or come together. अभिसरण, समाभिरूपता, एक ओर झुकाव.
  • Enduring (Adjective) – Existing for a longtime. टिकाऊ, स्थायी.
  • Sabotage (Verb) – To damage or destroy equipment, weapons, or buildings in order to prevent the success of an enemy or competition. तोड़ फोड़ करना, नुकसान करना, नाकाम करना.
  • Paranoia (Noun) – An extreme and unreasonable feeling that other people do not like you or are going to harm or criticize you. पागलपन, संविभ्रम, मानसिक उन्माद.
  • Cede (Verb) – To allow someone else to have or own something especially unwillingly or because you are forced to do so. झुकना, सौंपना, त्याग देना.
  • Seep (Verb) – To move or spread slowly out of a hole or through something. रिसना.
  • Meekly (Adverb) – Quiet, gentle, and not willing to argue or express your opinions in a forceful way. कोमलता से, नर्मी से.
  • Wager (Noun) – Bet. दांव, बाजी.
  • Wager(Verb) – To risk money by guessing result or something. दांव लगाना, बाजी लगाना.
  • Unprecedented (Adjective) – Never having happened or existed in past. अनोखा, अपूर्व.
  • Vigour (Noun) – Strength, energy or enthusiasm. जोश, ताकत, शक्ति.
  • Nimble (Adjective) – Quick and exact either in movement or thoughts. चतुर, कुशल, तेज, चुस्त.
  • Manoeuvre (Noun) – A movement or set of movements needed skills and care. कुशलता, पैतरा, चालाकी.
  • Sceptical (Adjective) – Doubting that something is true or useful. अविश्वासी, संशयात्मक.
  • Incursion (Noun) – A sudden attack on or act of going into place, especially across border. आकस्मित हल्ला, घुसपैठ, छापा.
 A Scheme Of New Thinking Section
  • Hassle (Noun) – Inconvenience, difficulty or trouble. तकलीफ, परेशानी.
  • Egalitarianism (Noun) – The doctrine that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities. समतावाद.
  • Respite (Noun) – A pause or rest from something difficult or unpleasant. आराम, अवकाश, मुहलत.
  • Sensitisation (Noun) – The state of being sensitive. संवेदीकरण.
  • Deliberative (Adjective) – Involved in or characterized by deliberation and discussion and examination. विचारक, विचारशील, अधिकारहीन.
  • Exploit (Verb)- To use something in a way that helps you. कारनामा, पराक्रम.
  • Compliance (Noun) – The act of obeying on order, rule, or request. आज्ञापालन, अनुरूपता.
  • Harness (Verb) – To control something, usually to use its power. जोतना, काम में लाना.
  • Ramification (Noun) – The possible results of an action. जटिलता, प्रतिशाखा.
Green Shoots Section
  • Nascent (Adjective) – Only recently formed or started, but likely to grow longer quickly. अपरिपक्व, नवजात, नया.
  • Bitumen (Noun) – A black, sticky substance such as tar or asphalt, used for making roads and roofs. डामर, एस्फाल्ट.
  • Underway (Adjective) – Happening or occurring. जारी, प्रक्रिया में.
  • Revival (Noun) – The process of becoming more active or popular again. पुन:प्रवर्तन, पुनरुज्जीवन.
  • Uptick (Noun) – To increase in something. इजाफ़ा.
  • Insolvency (Noun) – A situation in which a person or company does not have enough money to pay debts, by goods, etc. दिवालियापन.
  • Stimulus (Noun) – Something that causes growth or activity. प्रेरणा, प्रोत्साहन, उत्तेजन.
  • Usher (Verb) – Taking someone somewhere or telling them the way. ले जाना, स्थान दिखाना, स्वागत करना.
  • Full-fledged (Adjective) – Completely developed or trained. पूर्ण विकसित, सम्पूर्ण.

Culture Of Patronage Section
  • Dispense (Verb) – To give out things, especially products, services or amounts of money. प्रदान करना, वितरित करना.
  • Reconstitute (Verb) – Changing. दुबारा बनाना.
  • Eminence (Noun) – Fame or famous. प्रतिष्ठा, उच्चता, महानता.
  • Regime (Noun) – A particular government or a system or method of government. शासन पद्धति, प्रशासन.
  • Foster (Verb) – Encourage the development of something. प्रोत्साहित.
  • Patronage (Noun) – The support given to an organization by someone. आश्रय, संरक्षण, सहायता, पालन.
  • Lackey (Noun) – A servant or someone who behaves like one by obeying someone else’s order or by doing unpleasant work for them. नौकर का काम करना.
  • Crony (Noun) – A close friend or companion. अन्तरंग मित्र, घनिष्ठ मित्र.
  • Fief (Noun) – An area or type of activity that is controlled by someone. जागीर.
  • Brazen (Adjective) – Shamelessness. निर्लज्ज, बेशर्म.
  • Affinity (Noun) – A close similarity between two things. आकर्षण, समानता, अपनापन, बंधुत्व, रिश्तेदारी.
  • Partisan (Adjective) – Unfairness and favoring someone unfairly.  पक्षधर, कट्टर.
Mamba Signs Off Section
  • Tumultuous (Adjective) – Very loud or full of confusion, change or uncertainty. अशांत, उत्तेजित, गड़बड़.
  • Wretched (Adjective) – Unpleasant or of low quality. ख़राब, निंदनीय.
  • Midst (Noun) – The middle of a group of people or things. मध्यस्थिति, मध्य, बीच में.
  • Prodigiously (Adverb) – Extremely great in ability, amount or strength. असाधारण रूप से, आश्चर्यजनक रूप से.
  • Copped (Verb / Noun) – Catch or arrest / A police officer. पकड़ना, गिरफ्तार करना / पुलिस अधिकारी.
  • Affably (Adverb) – Friendly and easy to talk to. मिलनसारी, सुशीलता से.
  • Slur (Verb) – To pronounce the sound of a word in a way that is wrong or not clear. अस्पष्ट उच्चारण करना, कम महत्व देना.
  • Sidle (Verb) – To walk towards or away from someone, trying not to be noticed. गुपचुप तरीके से चलना, दबकर चलना.
  • Churn (Verb) – To move something, especially a liquid, with great force. मंथन करना, बिलोना.
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