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September 17, 2014

Important details you should know about Chinese President Xi Jinping's Visit to India


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The Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in India today (17th September 2014) on a three-day visit  which is expected to take bilateral relations to a new high and usher in a new century of mutual cooperation and growth in Asia. Since the war of 1962, bilateral relationship between India and China has always remained on the edge. Despite efforts to build economic, people-to-people contact and even military ties, the relationship has largely been dominated by a strong undercurrent of trust deficit between the two sides. China and India have described President Xi Jinping’s visit as a defining moment in ties, whose trajectory would have a major impact across the globe. Here are some important highlights to note about his first day visit.
  • PM Narendra Modi coined a new terminology to describe India-China relationship calling it "Inch towards Miles".
    • INCH that is 'India-China'
    • towards MILES — 'millennium of exceptional synergy'. 
  • For the first time, it is not New Delhi but Gujarat that will host the head of a state.
  • President Xi and his wife Peng Liyuan (she was a renowned Chinese contemporary folk singer and performing artist), were welcomed by Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel and Gujarat Governor Om Prakash Kohli. 
  • Three MoUs were signed :
    • The first MoU was signed between the government of Gujarat and Guangdong Province in South China. 
      • Establishing 'Sister Province' relations between Guangdong and Gujarat, which covers cooperation in economy and trade, environmental protection, public policy education, health, science and technology, tourism and culture.
    • The second MoU is for a twin-city project between of Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. 
      • for closer cooperation between the local authorities of the two cities, which will facilitate engagements in the fields of economy and trade, environment protection, public policy, education, health, science and technology, tourism and culture. Knowledge sharing will be done through delegation visits, institutional meetings and sharing of experiences in areas of mutual interest.
    • The third MOU was signed between the China Development Bank and iNDEXTb (Industrial Extension Bureau), the nodal agency of Government of Gujarat for investment promotion .
      • for investment promotion, under which iNDEXTb will assist Chinese investors in obtaining required clearances and creating infrastructure facilities in the industrial parks. 
  • Some important issues likely to come up for discussion between China and India are,  Border Dispute, Visas, Trade Ties, Railways and Nuclear Ties etc.  

Relationship between China and India :

  • Border Dispute

    • China beat India in a brief border war in 1962 and relations have remained sour over their still-disputed 3,500-km (2,200-mile) frontier. India has reported a rise in incursions by Chinese troops in recent years, charges China denies. Modi is expected to take a tougher stance with neighbouring countries, including China. In the first such signal, Modi's government eased restrictions on building roads and military facilities along the border to boost defence preparedness and close the gap on China's superior transport network. 

  • Visas

    • China often refuses to stamp visas on Indian passports from disputed territories and instead staples them to the page, a practice that infuriates India. China has refused to issue visas to Indians from Arunachal Pradesh state, where the two countries fought the 1962 war, saying they do not need permission to travel to China. China claims the whole of Arunachal Pradesh, which it calls "South Tibet". In 2012, India started stamping its own map on visas it issues to holders of new Chinese passports that contain a map depicting disputed territory within China's borders. The visa issue is likely to be on the agenda during Xi's visit.

  • Railways 
    • India has the world's fourth-longest rail network but has added only 11,000 km of track since independence in 1947. China, in comparison, added 14,000 km of track in the five years to 2011. China is expected to pledge billions of dollars of investment in India's rail network that can help reform the now-decrepit British-built system.

  • Nuclear Ties 
    • In 2013, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said the two countries would cooperate in civil nuclear energy. Leaders of the two energy-starved countries may discuss the possibility of a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. China has committed $6.5 billion to finance the construction of a major nuclear power project in Karachi, the financial hub of neighbouring Pakistan, India's traditional foe. But Beijing might make a push to supply India with its new-generation reactors. 

  • Trade Ties
    • China is India's largest trading partner, with two-way trade at about $66 billion last year. However, $51 billion of that came from Chinese exports. India hopes new investments from China will partly help offset its trade deficit. China plans to invest about $7 billion in two industrial parks in western India, media reported this month. India will also ask its neighbor to set up manufacturing units for exports as it seeks to revive its economy. 
Read more Current Affairs issues from here

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  1. Hi new here , just a suggestion "China beat India" it was not tennis :P it should be china defeated in India in the 1962 war :)

  2. Here beat came to mean “beaten down". Which means to defeat or demoralize someone. You can see a number of examples of this usage in news papers. I don't know where you read we SHOULDN'T use beat in wars.

    anyways.. please don't make false comments with half knowledge

  3. very useful information for my exam....

  4. thanx u soo muchh ...u r really gr8 u better know what kind of information student want...u r awesome...:)

  5. Please Update also English and Reasoning Questions With Answer Key

  6. Oh MR."Mohan Full knowledge Biswas" It was a war and which ended in cease fire so technically no winners or losers. what is there to falsify ? its a suggestion of a word , I did not question the article I indeed liked it.

    Do a Google search with key words China beat India and I did not find "a number of examples of this usage in news paper" as you said .And mostly the news articles in results are related to sports.

    Yes my knowledge is half may be less, I might be wrong in saying "should be" but the context of beat is questionable. Thanks to you for reminding me know is a drop unknown is ocean.


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