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June 24, 2014

List of Rural Development Programmes of India


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Friends, in our last post, discussed about the Employment Generation Programmes of India (you can read that post from here). Today we shall discuss about some important Rural Development Programmes of India. Happy Reading :)

Community Develpoment Programme (CDP)

  • Set up in : 1952
  • Over-all development of rural areas with people's participation.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP)

  • Set up in : 1973-74
  • To minimise the adverse effects of drought on production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources ultimately leading to drought proofing of the affected areas.

Twenty Point Programme

  • Set up in : 1975
  • Poverty eradication and raising the standard of living

Desert Development Programme (DDP)

  • Set up in : 1977-78
  • To mitigate the adverse effects of desertification.

National Fund for Rural Development (NFRD)

  • Set up in : 1984
  • To grant 100% tax rebate to donors and also to provide financial assistance for rural development projects.

Council for Advancement of People's Actions and Rural Technology (CAPART)

  • Set up in : 1986
  • To provide assistance for rural prosperity.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP)

  • Set up in : 1989-90
  • The development of wasteland and degraded lands

District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)

  • Set up in : 1993
  • To provide financial assistance for rural development.

Member of Parliament Local Area Development Programme (MPLADP)

  • Set up in : 1993
  • It provides 2 crore to each MP to undertake development activities in its constituency. The amount has been raised to Rs. 5 crore from 2011.

Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)

  • Set up in : 1999
  • It follows a community led and people centred approach and places emphasis on Information, Communication and Education (ICE) for demand generation of sanitation facilities.

Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)

  • Set up in : 1999
  • The Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) addresses housing shortage as an important component of poverty alleviation in rural India.
  • The cost is shared by the Centre and State in the ratio of 75:25. 75% weightage is given to housing shortage and 25% weight-age to the poverty ratios prescribed by the Planning Commission for state level allocations.
  • Under this yojana, houses are invariably allotted in the name of women.

Annapurna Scheme

  • Set up in : 2000
  • To indigent senior citizens of 59 years of age or above, who are not getting pension under National Old Age Pension Scheme are covered. 10 kg of foodgrains per person per month are supplied free of cost under this scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

  • Set up in : 2000
  • To line all villages with pakka road having population of 500 and above in genearl areas and 250 and above in tribal and general areas. All weather roads.

Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAAY)

  • Set up in : 2001
  • Facilitates construction and upgradation of dwelling units for slum dwellers.

Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP)

  • Set up in : 2003
  • It is an incentive scheme to encourage PRIs to take up sanitation promotion.

Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)

  • Set up in : 2005
  • Aims at providing electricity in all villiages and habitations and access to electricity to all rural households.
  • Connections to BPL families are given free of cost. 90% cost of the scheme is released as grant, where 10% as loan.
  • For creation of villiage electrification infrastructure, first priority is given to unelectrified villiages.
  • Preference for electrification is given to Dalit Bastis, Tribal settlements and habitations of weaker sections.

Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHIP) (be a part of JNNURM)
  • Set up in : 2009
  • Aims at constructing one million houses for the EWS / LIG / MIG with at least 25% for EWS category. Seeks to operationalise National Habitat Policy 2007.

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

  • Set up in : 2009
  • This programme's instrument is Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) under implementation since 1972-73, which is funded on a 50% matching share basis between the Government of India and the state Government.
  • The ARWSP has been modified as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009-10 with major emphasis is on ensuring sustainability in terms of portability, adequacy, affordability and equity by adopting decentralized approach.

Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY)

  • Set up in : 2010
  • It aims at 'slum-free' India in next five years. It is for urban areas.
  • Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA, lanuched on 2nd February, 2006)
  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005envisages securing the livelihood of people in rural areas by guaranteeing 100 days of employment in a financial year to a rural household.
  • The main provisions of the Act are
    • Employment to be given within 15 days of applicaiton for work.
    • If employment is not provided within 15 days, daily unemployment allowance in cash has to be paid.
    • Employment within 5 km radius, else extra wages to be paid.
    • Atleast one-third beneficiaries have to be women.
    • Gram Sabha will recommend works.
    • Gram Panchayat to execute atleast 50% of works.
    • PRIs have a principal role in planning and implementation.
    • Grievance redressal mechanism to be put in place for ensuring a responsive implementation.

Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM launched on 3rd December 2005)

  • The aim of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) is to encourage reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities.
  • The duration of the Mission is seven years beginning from the year 2005-06 to 2012-13
  • The mission has two sub-missions. One is BSUP (Basic Services to Urban Poor) and the other is UIG (Urban Infrastructure and Governance).
  • The JNNURM has now been extended to 65 cities from the previous 63 cities. 
That's all for now friends. In our next post we shall discuss about the Women Empowerment Programmes of India.  

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  1. Thank you...u r doing great work:)

  2. gr8 wrk thanq so much

  3. i dont know why always for all schemes central govt naming in hindi,....y not in tamil,malayalam,telugu etc,......

  4. i dont know why always for all schemes central govt naming in hindi,....y not in tamil,malayalam,telugu etc,......

  5. bcs hindi is national language..........


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