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March 05, 2014

SSC CGL Study Materials : India - Physical Features, Relief & Drainage


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India is divided into four major geomorphological components. They are
  • The Himalayas
  • The Indo - Gangetic plain
  • The Peninsular plateau
  • The Coastal plains
Himalayas :
  • The Youngest fold mountains
  • Once Himalayas were occupied by a sea - Tethys
  • The north part of the Tethys sea - Angara land
  • The south part of Tethys sea - Gondwana land
  • The area of the Himalayas - 5 lakh sq kms
  • The longitudinal distance of the Himalayas - 2400 kms
  • The parallel ranges of Himalayas - Three, those are,
    • The Himadri (greater Himalayas)
    • The Himachal (lesser Himalayas)
    • The Siwaliks (outer Himalayas)
  • The Arunachal Pradesh Siwaliks are called - Mishmi hills
  • Important peaks of Himalayas and their heights:
    • Mt. Everest (8848 mts) 
    • Kanchenjunga (8598 mts) 
    • Makalu(8481 mts)  
    • Dhaulagiri (8177 mts) 
    • Manaslu (8156 mts) 
    • Chooyu (8153 mts) 
    • Nanga Prabhath ( 8126 mts)  
    • Annapurna (8078 mts)
Indo Gangetic plains :
  • Also known as - The North Indian River Plain
  • Named after - Indus and Ganga
  • Irrigated by three important rivers - the Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra
  • Punjab means - Land of Five Rivers
Peninsular Plateau : 
  • It is a table land
  • Formed due to the drifting of the Gondwana land
  • It is considered as the oldest land mass.
  • It can be divided into two regions :
    1. Deccan Plateau 
      • the biggest part
      • stretches over eight states
    2. Malwa Plateau
Coastal Plains : 
  • Formed by the Peninsular rivers
  • Two types :
    • Eastern 
    • Western
Few more Important Points to Note :
  • One of the oldest mountain ranges - Aravali ranges
  • The highest point in Aravalis - Gurusikhar
  • The highest peak in the world - Mt Everest (8848 mt)
  • 2nd Highest peak in the world - k2 (8611 mts)
  • K2 mountain peak is in - Karakoram
  • The highest peak in Nilgiris - Dodabetta (2637 mts)
  • The highest point in peninsular India - Anai Mudi (2695 mts)
  • In Arunachal Pradesh Brahmaputra is called - Dihang
  • "Thar" desert is also called - The Great India Desert
  • Western Ghats are also called - The Sahyadris
  • The Largest - River among peninsular rivers - The Godavari
  • The second largest river among peninsular rivers - The Krishna
  • The Important Geomorphic features :
    • Bhabar - Pebble studded porous beds zone
    • Terai - A wide marshy tract
    • Bhangar - Older alluvial plain
    • Khadar - Newer / Younger alluvial plain
    • Reh (or) Kallar - Barren, Saline efflorescences
  • West flowing Rivers - Narmada, Tapati, Mahi, Sabarmati
Synopsis : Major Geomorphological Components :
  • Himalayas :
    • Himadri (Greater)
    • Himachal (Lesser)
    • Shiwaliks (Outer)
  • Indo-Gangetic Plain
    • Bhabar Plains
    • Terai
    • Bhangar
    • Khadar
    • Reh / Kallar
  • Peninsular Plateau 
    • Malwa Plateau
    • Deccan Plateau
  • Coastal Plains
    • Eastern Coastal Plain
    • Western Coaastal Plain
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  1. need all ssc study mat in pdf file. plz its a req...

  2. madam plz upload the detailed syllabus and study materials for railway loco pilot and technicians .....the exam is on 15 june.....

  3. This comment has been removed by the author.

  4. thank uou
    keep it...........

  5. please provide the materials in pdf format

  6. give a pdf file of this

  7. mam,aap iska pdf file upload kijiye please........

    1. u can convert it as pdf file
      open in chrome
      click ctrl+p
      save as pdf file

  8. hi mam .. please upload railway loco pilot and technician study materials

  9. Statements: No mat is fan. Some fans are cars. All cars are shirts.
    Conclusions: I. All mats are cars II. All shirts are cars
    III. Some shirts are fans IV. No shirt is a mat
    (1) Only either II or IV and III follow
    (2) Only I and II follow (3) Only IV follow
    (4) Only III follow (5) None of these
    Statements: Some clips are copies.
    Some copies are magazines. No magazines is a dictionary
    Conclusions: I. No copies are dictionary
    II. Some copies are dictionary
    III. Some copies are not dictionary
    IV. No clips are magazines
    (1) Only III follows (2) Only either I or II & III follow
    (3) Only I follows (4) Only either I or II follows
    (5) None of these
    Statements: Some headphones are earphones
    All earphones are telephones. No telephones are television
    Conclusions: I. No earphones are television
    II. Some headphones are not television
    III. Some headphones are telephones
    IV. Some telephones are not television
    (1) All follow (2) Only I, II & III follow
    (3) Only II, III & IV follow (4) Only I, III & IV follow
    (5) None of these
    Statements: All tourists are politicians.
    Some tourists are leaders. Some politicians are ministers
    Conclusions: I. Some leaders are ministers
    II. All leaders are politicians
    III. Some ministers are not politicians
    IV. Some politicians are not tourists
    (1) None follows (2) All follow
    (3) Only I & II follow (4) Only II & III follow
    (5) None of these
    Statements: Some pots are keys. Some keys are locks
    All keys are rings.
    Conclusions: I. Some pots are locks.
    II. Some pots are not locks
    III. Some pots are rings
    IV. Some pots are not rings.
    (1) Only either III or IV follow (2) Only either I or II follows
    (3) Only either I or II & III follow (4) None follow
    (5) None of these


    1. Q1: 4th
      Q2: 1st
      Q3: 2nd
      Q4: 1st
      Q5 3rd

      cross check it if you want

    2. 1-4

  10. mam plz upload study materials for railway loco pilot.

  11. mam plz upload LIC assistant study material

  12. Mam please upload railway
    technician syllabus

  13. Tn Q... vry much... it wud be gr8 if you provide these in pdf format. :)

  14. mam pls send all cgl pdf material to


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