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January 26, 2013

Important Techniques to Compress the Given Data for Precis Writing


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Read basics of Precis writing here
A good precis is without all superfluities. This is not quite easy to achieve and requires a lot of patience, hard work and practice. Certain devices, like one word substitution, help to reduce words in a precis and assists in compressing it. 

Something a single word is sufficient fro many. Hence the more one-words you know, the better for you. This requires vocabulary development which extensive reading and god dictionaries and other sources can provide.

For clear understanding, have a look at the following examples.
  • One who is not professional - Amateur
  • An assembly of hearers - Audience
  • A battle or match in which neither party wins - Drawn
  • Fit to be eaten - Edible
  • That which cannot be conquered - Invincible
Sentences can be compressed in two ways 
  1. by removing redundancies and ornamental expressions, and
  2. by combining a number of sentences into one sentence.
Examples :
  • When sorrows come, they do not come alone but in battalions 
    • you can compress the above sentence and simplify it as Misfortunes never come alone
  • The thunder-storm continued unabated and did not cease until after it was dawn
    • you can compress the above sentence and simplify it as The thunder-storm continued till dawn
  • I was standing at the gate. it was the time of sunset. At that time a carriage drew up. The carriage contained a gentleman. The gentleman was middle aged. 
    • you can compress the above sentence and simplify it as While I was standing at the gate at sunset, a carriage containing a middle-aged gentleman drew up.
A paragraph consists of a number of sentences dealing with a single topic or idea. It has thus a unity of purpose and is quite easy to summarize. The first sentence generally states the theme. Each sentence develops the subject in a logical manner. All sentences which elaborate or explain the main idea are omitted while writing a precis. We deal only with the crux of the paragraph. 


  1. can i get the character certificate signed by 2 different gazetted officers.....because i don't have that certificate given by my college

  2. thnk u for a valuable tips

  3. plz provide some precis writing prectise set

  4. Hi Shivani, This website is sure to transform the way people prepare for exams. God Bless!

  5. Thanku mam,well explained.

  6. really beautiful explanation................


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