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October 25, 2012

Primary Functions of Commercial Banks - Banking Awareness for IBPS

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In this post we shall discuss about the Primary Functions of Commercial Banks (Read the Basics Here)

The primary functions of a commercial bank are :

a) Accepting deposits; and
b) Granting loans and advances 

Now lets have a detailed analysis of these functions. 

a) Accepting deposits
The most important activity of a commercial bank is to mobilise deposits from the public. People who have surplus income and savings find it convenient to deposit the amounts with banks. Depending upon the nature of deposits, funds deposited with bank also earn interest. Thus, deposits with the bank grow along with the interest earned. If the rate of interest is higher, public are motivated to deposit more funds with the bank. There is also safety of funds deposited with the bank.

b) Grant of loans and advances
The second important function of a commercial bank is to grant loans and advances (you can get the detailed explanation of these terms below). Such loans and advances are given to members of the public and to the business community at a higher rate of interest than allowed by banks on various deposit accounts. The rate of interest charged on loans and advances varies depending upon the purpose, period and the mode of repayment. The difference between the rate of interest allowed on deposits and the rate charged on the Loans is the main source of a bank’s income.

Loan :
A loan is granted for a specific time period. Generally, commercial banks grant short-term loans. But term loans, that is, loan for more than a year, may also be granted. The borrower may withdraw the entire amount in lumpsum or in installments  However, interest is charged on the full amount of loan. Loans are generally granted against the security of certain assets. A loan may be repaid either in lumpsum or in installments.

An advance is a credit facility provided by the bank to its customers. It differs from loan in the sense that loans may be granted for longer period, but advances are normally granted for a short period of time. Further the purpose of granting advances is to meet the day to day requirements of business. The rate of interest charged on advances varies from bank to bank. Interest is charged only on the amount withdrawn and not on the sanctioned amount.

Read about the Secondary Functions of Commercial Banks Here.

Get Complete Shortnotes on Banking Awareness Here

Banking Awareness for IBPS Clerical Exam 2012

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