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December 30, 2018

29th & 30th December 2018 Daily Current Affairs - PDF Download

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Dear Great Ambitionists, here are the current affairs of 29th & 30th December 2018. You can download the pdf version of these current affairs from below link. Happy Reading :)

Daily Current Affairs of 29th & 30th December 2018

International Current Affairs
  • Prime Minister of Bhutan Lotay Tshering is on a 3 day visit to India. 
    • This is his 1st foreign visit after taking charge as PM of the Himalayan Nation.
    • The Visit is significant because it is taking place during the Golden Jubilee year of the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between India and Bhutan.
  • Russia has finished building a 60-kilometre security fence separating annexed Crimea from mainland Ukraine
    • The fence is topped with barbed wire and has various types of sensors, and is also equipped with video surveillance systems.
    • Note : Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in 2014.
  • German authorities today gave their approval to an $8 billion rail and road tunnel linking Denmark and Germany
    • The 19-kilometre Fehmarnbelt link comprises a 4-lane motorway and a 2-track railway, and is part-funded by the European Union.
  • Saudi Arabia is going to lift the travel ban on Lebanon after a government is formed in Lebanon. 
    • Note : Saudi Arabia had imposed a travel ban on Lebanon last year over a political crisis following the resignation of PM Saad Hariri.
National Current Affairs
  • The newly-formed Madhya Pradesh government today announced it is forming an Adhyatmik Vibhag (spiritual department) by merging several existing departments. 
    • The Anand Vibhag (happiness department) formed by the previous BJP government, a first in the country, would be incorporated into the new department. 
  • Delhi High Court has allowed that Section 354A of Indian Penal Code can be used by transgenders to register complaints of sexual harassment. 
  • The Union Cabinet has approved amendments to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, including the provision for death penalty for "committing aggravated penetrative sexual assault crime" on children.
  • The government has banned Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) for its involvement in several killings, bombings and other terror activities during its violent campaign for the secession of Punjab. 
    • Note : KLF will be the 40th organisation to be proscribed under the UAPA law.
  • Indian Railways is building the country’s 1st vertical-lift bridge to connect Rameswaram  to mainland India
    • This new bridge would replace the existing 104-year-old Pamban bridge.
    • The bridge will allow ships and steamers to pass through without any hindrance.
  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated the 26th edition of National Children’s Science Congress at SOA, Bhubaneswar, Odhisa. 
    • Focal theme of 26th National Children’s Science Congress : “Science, Technology and Innovation for a Clean, Green and Healthy Nation.”
Banking, Business & Economic Affairs
  • The government has decided to infuse ₹10,086 crore in the state run Bank of India
    • The move is part of the government's plans to infuse ₹83,000 crore into state-run banks by March, taking total infusion to ₹1.06 lakh crore this fiscal.
    • Note : Earlier, the government has announced that it is going to infuse ₹2,159 crore in United Bank of India.
  • India announced financial assistance of ₹4,500 crore to Bhutan for its 12th Five Year Plan
  • China's stock market has erased $2.4 trillion of market value this year amid the trade war between the US and China.
    • Important Points to Note
      • The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index is down 25% for the year, making China the world's worst-performing major stock market
      • China's stock market is currently the world's second biggest with a market capitalisation of $5.46 trillion.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is looking at a mobile phone-based solution to help visually impaired people easily identify Indian currency notes.
    • There are about 80 lakh blind or visually impaired people in the country, who are likely to benefit from the initiative of the central bank. 
    • Note : Currently, intaglio printing-based identification marks are present in banknotes of Rs 100 and above for helping the visually challenged identify them. 
Recent Committees in News
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has set up an expert committee to suggest how the central bank should handle its reserves and whether it can transfer its surplus to the government
    • The committee will submit its report within 90 days of its first meeting.
    • Headed of this Committee : Bimal Jalan (former RBI governor)
    • Vice Chairman : Rakesh Mohan (former RBI deputy governor) 
    • Members
      • Bharat Doshi and Sudhir Mankad (RBI central board directors)
      • N.S. Vishwanathan (Deputy governor) 
      • Subhash Chandra Garg (Economic affairs secretary)
Awards & Honors
  • British cave diver Vernon Unsworth has been awarded the Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
    • He had helped rescue 12 boys and their coach from a Thai cave earlier this year. 
  • A postal stamp dedicated to Nabin Chandra Das (inventor of Rosogolla) was launched on the inaugural day of the 3-day festival, Bagbazar-O-Rosogolla Utsob marking the 150th year of its invention.
    • Bagbazar O Rosogolla Utsob, a 3-day Rosogolla Utsav is being held at Bagbazar, Kolkata as a tribute to Nabin Chandra Das.
    • The statue of Nabin Chandra Das was also unveiled during the inaugural programme.
  • The central government has launched Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskaar annual awards to recognise the excellent work done by individuals and institutions in the country in the field of disaster management.
    • The award has been instituted with an aim to recognise the efforts of individuals and organisations who have been working assiduously to alleviate the human suffering caused by disasters.
Science & Technology
  • China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) has started offering global service. 
    • It is touted as a rival to America’s Global Positioning System (GPS).  
    • Important Points to Note :  
      • BeiDou Navigation Satellite System was the fourth global navigation system after US’s GPS, Russia’s GLONASS and the European Union’s Galileo.
      • Pakistan has become the 1st foreign nation to use the BeiDou system ending its reliance on GPS.
People in News
  • Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das today became the 1st Chief Minister of the state to complete 4 years in office
  • Padma Bhushan and Dada Saheb Phalke awardee Bengali filmmaker Mrinal Sen (95) passed away.
    • He is known for Hindi films like 'Ek Din Achanak' and 'Khandhar' and Bengali films such as 'Baishey Sravan', 'Padatik', 'Kharij' and 'Mrigayaa'. 
    • He also won several National Film Awards.
  • The 1st-ever woman to hold an executive position at NASA, Nancy Grace Roman (93), passed away.
    • Roman was the first Chief of Astronomy in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters and is referred to as the 'mother of Hubble' telescope
    • She had joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1959 and had retired in 1979.
Sports Current Affairs
  • India fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah has become the highest wicket-taker in international cricket in the year 2018 (78 wickets), overtaking South Africa pacer Kagiso Rabada (77).
  • China is going to punish Athletic doping as criminal offence.
    • From next year onwards, Chinese athletes who use performance-enhancing drugs will receive criminal punishments and jail terms.

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