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September 23, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 23rd September 2016

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 23rd September 2016. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Topic 1 : "Getting Railways on track"

  • Getting something on track - to make progress with something and likely to succeed
  • Merge - to combine or join together
  • Junk - to get rid of something because it is of no use or value
  • Colonial - relating to a system or period in which one country rules another
  • Era - a historical period with a particular character or feature
  • Outlived - to live longer than someone else
  • Utility - a service that is used by the public, such as an electricity or gas supply or a train service
  • Entailed - to involve something
  • Expenditure - money spent by a government, organization, or person
  • Aspect - a particular part, feature, or quality of something
  • Administration - the activities involved in managing a business, organization, or institution
  • Outlay - an amount of money spent for a particular purpose
  • Revenues - income from business activities or taxes
  • Domestic - relating to a country
  • Aviation - the activity of flying aircraft, or of designing, producing, and keeping them in good condition
  • Defence -  actions that you take to protect someone or something that is being attacked
  • Found little mention - didn't say anything
  • Ritual - a formal ceremony
  • Lingered - to stay somewhere longer than is necessary
  • Fractured - divided
  • Tendency - a strong chance that something will happen in a particular way
  • Coalition - a temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together
  • Juicy - a juicy job or activity is interesting and enjoyable
  • Portfolio - all the responsibilities of a government minister
  • Possibilities - chances
  • Populist - representing the interests and opinions of ordinary people
  • Posturing - to do things only because you want people to notice you, admire you, or be afraid of you
  • Patronage - help or money that is given to a person or organization
  • Launchpad - the surface from which a missile, space vehicle etc is sent into the air or into space
  • Throw your weight behind - to use your influence to support someone or something
  • Vote-magnet - something that fetches you votes in elections
  • Jamboree - a large organized event that many people go to
  • Tabling - to suggest formally in a meeting something that you would like everyone to discuss
  • Conjure up - to create or achieve something difficult or unexpected
  • Regurgitate - to repeat facts or ideas that you have heard or learnt without understanding them or thinking about them for yourself
  • Commuter - someone who travels regularly to and from work
  • Skewed - not accurate or exact
  • Freight - the transport system that carries goods
  • Tweaking - to make small changes in order to improve something
  • Tariffs - taxes that a government charges on goods that enter or leave their country
  • Flexible - able to make changes easily
  • Premium - an amount of money paid in addition to the usual amount
  • Regulator - a person or organization whose job is to be certain that companies, systems etc act fairly and follow rules
  • Depoliticise - remove from political activity or influence
  • Viability - the quality of being able to happen or having a reasonable chance of success
  • Constituency - one of the official areas of a country that elects someone to represent it in a parliament or legislature
  • Boost - to help something to increase, improve, or become more successful
  • Obligations - something that you must do for legal or moral reasons
  • Concession - a reduction in the usual price of something, made available to students, old people, etc
  • Exchequer - the government department responsible for a country’s financial matters
  • Bankable - likely to make money
  • Scrapping - to decide not to continue with something such as a plan or an event
  • Fading - to become less famous or less important
  • Undoing - the cause of someone's failure, or of someone's loss of power or money

Topic 2 : "The curious death of Ramkumar"

  • Curious - strange and unusual
  • Alleged - claimed to be true, even though this has not been proved
  • Suspect - a person believed to have committed a crime or done something wrong
  • Given rise to - cause to happen
  • Claim - to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it
  • Lone - single / only
  • Assailant - someone who violently attacks another person
  • Stalked -  to hunt a person or animal by following them without being seen
  • Unusual - not normal, common, or ordinary
  • Tendency - if someone has a tendency to do or like something, they will probably do it or like it
  • Slash - to cut in a violent way
  • Warder - someone whose job is to guard prisoners in a prison
  • Counselling - advice and help that you give someone with their problems
  • Ought to have (done something) - used when you realize that someone did not do the right thing in the past
  • Overtones - something that is suggested, but is not clearly stated
  • Dispensary - a place in a hospital where you can get medicines and drugs
  • Lapse - a temporary failure
  • Incarceration - to keep someone in a closed place and prevent them from leaving it
  • Overcrowded - containing too many people or things
  • Understaffed - not having enough workers to do a job quickly or effectively
  • Electrocution - to kill or injure someone with electricity
  • Determined - wanting to do something very much and not allowing anyone or any difficulties to stop you
  • Inescapable - impossible to avoid or ignore
  • Resistant - not harmed or affected by something
  • Auditing - to examine something carefully, especially to decide on its effectiveness
  • Reassurance - the act of making someone feel less worried about something
  • Purported - said by some people to be real or true, but not proved to be real or true 
  • Lacunae - an empty space where something is missing
  • Speculation - the activity of guessing possible answers to a question without having enough information to be certain:
  • Culprit - someone who is responsible for doing something bad or illegal
  • Judicial - involving a law court
  • Probe - an attempt to find out the truth about an issue, problem, or accident
  • Credibly - capable of being believed; believable
  • Extra-judicially - done without the permission of or without using the official legal system

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