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August 28, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 25th July 2016

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 25th July 2016. You can click on the Titles to read the Editorials. Happy reading :)

Note : There were no editorials in THE HINDU on 24th July 2016

Topic 1 : "Erdogan’s coup"
  • Coup - a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government
  • Vengefully - expressing a strong wish to punish someone who has harmed you or your family or friends
  • Disproportionate - too large or too small in comparison with something else
  • Hardly - almost not
  • Authoritarian - demanding that people obey completely and refusing to allow them freedom to act as they wish
  • Streak - an often unpleasant characteristic that is very different from other characteristics
  • Capitalise on something - to use a situation to your own advantage
  • Purge - to get rid of people from an organization because you do not agree with them
  • Cleric - a religious leader
  • Furnish - to provide
  • Emergency - an unexpected situation involving danger in which immediate action is necessary
  • Sweeping - complete
  • Decree - an official order that has the force of law
  • Crackdown - a situation in which someone starts to deal with bad or illegal behaviour in a more serious way
  • Coup-plotters - people who secretly makes plans to do something illegal or harmful
  • Revolt - take violent action against an established government or ruler
  • Dictatorial - telling people what to do and refusing to listen to their opinions
  • Threat - a situation or an activity that could cause harm or danger
  • Constitutional - relating to an established set of principles governing a state
  • Secularism - the belief that religion should not be involved with the ordinary social and political activities of a country
  • Founding - established or originated
  • Large-scale - involving many people or things, or happening over a large area
  • Resentment - an angry unhappy feeling that you have when you think you have been treated unfairly or without enough respect
  • Junta - a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
  • Regime - government
  • Brutal - cruel, violent, and completely without feelings
  • Takeover - to get control of something from somebody
  • Emerge - to become
  • Standing - position, status, or reputation
  • Survived - continue to live or exist, especially in spite of danger or hardship
  • Revengeful - wanting and taking revenge
  • Strongman - a person who is very powerful and able to cause change, especially of a political type
  • Allies - supporters
  • Roughly - approximately
  • Purged - rid (someone) of an unwanted feeling, memory, or condition
  • Counterproductive - having the opposite of the expected / wanted effect
  • Heightened - increased
  • Destabilising - to make a government or political group lose power or control
Topic 2 : "The sullying of scientific literature"
  • Sullying - damaging the purity of something
  • Scientific - relating to science
  • Commendable - deserving praise
  • Sent out a strong message - to make someone understand that a particular thing is right or true
  • Microbial - realted to a very small living thing, especially one that causes disease, that can only be seen with a microscope
  • Fabrication - to invent or produce something false in order to cheat someone
  • Peer-review - the process of someone reading, checking, and giving his or her opinion about something that has been written by another scientist or expert working in the same subject area, or a piece of work in which this is done
  • Retracted - withdraw (to take back)
  • Preliminary - basic / initial
  • Revealed - to let something become known, for example a secret or information that was previously not known
  • Cooked something up - to invent a story, plan, etc., usually dishonestly
  • Complicity - involvement in a crime or some activity that is wrong
  • Misconduct - seriously bad or dishonest behaviour, especially by someone who has a position of responsibility
  • Stem cell - a cell that is taken from a person or animal at an early stage of development and is capable of developing into cells of any type, for example nerve cells or blood cells
  • Nevertheless - despite what has just been said or referred to
  • Significant - important or noticeable
  • Laid down - to officially establish a rule, or to officially say how something should be done
  • Complicit - involved in or knowing about something bad that happens
  • Instance - an example of something happening
  • Isolated -  separated from other things with which it is connected or mixed
  • Metabolising - to use chemical processes in the body to turn food into energy, new growth, and waste products
  • Foul play - behaviour that is not fair or honest or that does not keep to accepted rules
  • Bright spot - something that is good when everything else seems bad
  • Readiness -  a state of being ready and able to deal with what might or will happen
  • Get to the root of problem - to discover the truth / origins about a problem
  • Allegations - statements, made without giving proof, that someone has done something wrong or illegal
  • Brushing something under the carpet - to hide a problem or try to keep it secret instead of dealing with it
  • Handicap - something that makes it difficult for you to do something
  • Confronted - to face, meet, or deal with a difficult situation or person
  • Thoroughly - very much
  • Fraudulent - illegal or dishonest
  • Seldom - not often (very rarely)
  • Nodal - central
  • On the lines of - similar to
  • Trash - something that is of low quality
  • Sullies - spoils something that is pure or someone's perfect reputation

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