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July 13, 2016

English Vocabulary in 365 Days - Lesson 22

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Hello everyone, in our Lesson 21, we learnt about the prefixes Dis; DifDis and Dif  represent the meanings not; apart and the opposite ofToday we shall see the prefix Dys. Happy Reading :)

Day 22 : Dys

  • dys - bad; difficult
Let's try to understand this with some examples
  • dyslexia (noun) = a slight disorder of the brain that causes difficulty in reading and writing. 
    • dys - Prefix = difficulty 
    • lex (legere) - Root = read; speak
    • ia - Suffix = disorder 
  • dyspepsia (noun) = difficult to digest
    • dys - Prefix = difficult
    • peps (peptos) - Root = digestion 
    • ia - Suffix = disorder
Let's have a look at some more words with dys prefixes, for better understanding.
  • dysbasia = difficulty in walking
  • dysphoria = a state of worry
  • dysgraphia = difficulty to write
  • dysdipsia = difficulty in swallowing liquids
  • dysemesis = difficult or painful vomiting
  • dysfunction = a part of the body not working properly 
  • dysmasesis, dysmasesia = difficulty in chewing
  • dysmorphia = a part of the body which grows larger than normal 
  • dysentery = infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhoea with the presence of blood and mucus in the faeces.
  • dysuria = painful or difficult urination
  • dysmegalopsia = difficulty to visualize correctly the size of objects; they appear larger than they really are
  • dystrophy = a disorder in which an organ or tissue of the body wastes away
  • dystopia = an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad
  • dysaudia = difficulty in hearing.
    Home Work :

    Try to guess the meanings of the following elements.
    1. -ance
    2. -id
    3. -ment
    4. -oid
    a. the result of
    b. being
    c. similar to
    d. the action of

    Try to match the above elements with given meanings.  Solve it on your own and

    That's all for today guys..... Thank you :)

    You can read Old Lessons of this series from here
    Shraboni Chakraborty
    Asstt. Professor
    English and Foreign Languages University,

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