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July 19, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 16th July 2016

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 16th July 2016. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the title to read the Editorial

Topic 1 : "France in the crosshairs of terror"

  • Crosshairs - two thin wires crossing each other in a gun or other device, which you use to help you aim at something
  • Terror - extreme fear
  • Festivities - the parties, and other social activities with which people celebrate a special occasion
  • Brutally - cruelly, violently, and completely without feelings
  • Cut short - to have to stop doing something before it is finished
  • Careened - move speedily in an uncontrolled way
  • Packed crowd - completely full crowd
  • Strewn - to spread things over a surface (not in order)
  • Termed - named
  • Ongoing - continuing
  • Emergency - something dangerous or serious, such as an accident, that happens suddenly or unexpectedly and needs fast action in order to avoid harmful results
  • Intensifying - to make something more serious
  • Air strike - an attack made by aircraft
  • Siege - the surrounding of a place by an armed force in order to defeat those defending it
  • Satirical - using humour to criticize people or things and make them seem silly
  • Although - but
  • Flooded with messages - to receive so many messages that you cannot deal with them
  • Aftermath - the effects and results of something bad
  • Tactical - using a particular method or plan for achieving something
  • Lone wolf - somebody who prefers to act alone
  • Bigotry - having very strong, unfair opinions and refuses to consider different opinions
  • Ultra-violent - extremely violent
  • Nihilistic - rejecting all religious and moral principles in the belief that life is meaningless
  • Spokesman - a person who makes statements on behalf of a group or individual
  • Run over somebody - to hit someone with a vehicle and drive over them, injuring or killing them
  • Scenario - a description of a situation, or of a situation that may develop in the future
  • Complacent - feeling so satisfied with your own abilities or situation that you do not feel that you need to try any harder
  • Alleged - believed to be true, but not proved
  • Sympathisers - people who support a political organization or believes in a set of ideas
  • Strategic -  a detailed plan for achieving success in difficult situations
  • For instance - for example
  • Re-examine - to look at something in detail again
  • Alienation - to cause someone or a group of people to stop supporting and agreeing with you
  • Misery - great unhappiness
  • Engulf - to surround and cover something or someone completely
  • Vulnerable - able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced, or attacked
  • Radicalisation - the process by which a person or group comes to hold more serious views, especially with regard to politics
  • Introspection - examination of and attention to your own ideas, thoughts, and feelings
  • Dissonance - disagreement
  • Take the edge off something - to make something unpleasant have less of an effect on someone
  • Extremists - someone who has beliefs that most people think are unreasonable and unacceptable
  • Lurking - to be remain hidden so as to wait to attack someone when you get chance

Topic 2 : "Freedom for the farmer"

  • Promulgate - to announce something publicly, especially a new law
  • Ordinance - an authoritative order
  • Exempt - to excuse someone or something from a duty, payment, etc.
  • Mandatorily - compulsorily (something that must be done)
  • Laudable - deserving praise and commendation
  • Stood his ground - to refuse to be pushed backwards, or to continue in your beliefs in an argument
  • Lobby - a group of people who try to convince the government or an official group to do something
  • Middlemen - people who buy goods from producers and sells them to retailers or consumers
  • Protest - a strong complaint expressing disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
  • Commendable - deserving praise
  • Regime - government
  • Seldom - not often; rarely
  • Rake in something - to earn or get a large amount of money
  • Shell out - to pay money for something, especially when the cost is unexpected and not wanted
  • Soar - to reach a great height
  • For instance - for example
  • Traceable - able to be found or followed
  • Reform - to make an improvemen
  • Household - the people who live in a house or flat when they are considered as a single unit (family)
  • Expenditure -  the total amount of money that a government or person spends
  • Intermediary - being between two other related things, levels, or points
  • Extent - level / amount
  • Sustainable - able to continue over a period of time
  • Pertinent - relating directly to the subject being considered
  • Acute - if a bad situation is acute, it causes serious problems or damage
  • Indebtedness - owing money
  • Interventions - the act of becoming involved intentionally in a difficult situation
  • Irrigation - the process of supplying  water to land so that crops and plants will grow
  • Dismantling - to get rid of a system or organization, usually over a period of time
  • Monopoly - (an organization or group that has) complete control of something, especially an area of business, so that others have no share
  • Substantially - to a large degree
  • Acreage - an area of land, typically when used for agricultural purposes, but not necessarily measured in acres
  • Cereals - grains used for food, for example wheat, maize, or rye
  • Pulses - seeds such as beans or peas that are cooked and eaten
  • Vary - change / different from each other
  • Denying - to say something is not true
  • Chunk - part of something
  • Horticultural - the activity of growing garden plants
  • Stranglehold - a position of complete control that prevents something from developing
  • Rely - depend
  • Captive buyers - buyers who regulary buy from same sellor
  • Adequate - enough or satisfactory for a particular purpose
  • Negotiating - to have formal discussions with someone in order to reach an agreement with them
  • Procurement - to get control over something
  • Farm to fork - used to refer to the various processes in the food chain from agricultural production to consumption
  • Back - support
  • Ambitious plan - if a plan or idea is ambitious, it needs a great amount of skill and effort to be successful or be achieved
  • Wrestle - struggle
  • Initiative - a new plan or process to achieve something or solve a problem
  • Crucial - extremely important or necessary
  • Agrarian - relating to the land, especially the use of land for farming
  • Impact - powerful effect
  • Dynamics -  forces that produce movement

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