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April 17, 2016

Vocabulary from Indian Express Editorial dated 15/04/2016

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Hello Friends,

Pratik Ankar here.
I am sharing vocabulary from Indian Express editorial dated 15/04/2016.

Find the articles from here

Correct me if I got wrong somewhere.

Circus And Bread Section
  • Disfigure (Verb) – To spoil the appearance of something or someone especially their face, completely. बिगाड़ना, कुरूप करना.
  • Arbitrary (Adjective) – Based on chance rather than being planned or based on reason. विवेकाधीन, एकपक्षीय, मनमाना.
  • Intervention (Noun) – The act or fact of becoming involved intentionally in a difficult situation. मध्यवर्तन, व्यवधान, आड़, बीच-बचाव.
  • Corrode (Verb) – Cause to deteriorate due to action of water, air, or an acid. खुरच जाना, क्षय करना.
  • Astonish (Verb) – To surprise someone very much. चौकना, आश्चर्य होना.
  • Emblematic (Adjective) – Representing a particular person, group or idea. प्रतीकात्मक, चिन्ह स्वरुप, द्योतक.
  • Scarce (Adjective) – Not easy to find or get. दुर्लभ,  निराला.
  • Harbinger (Noun) – A person or thing that shows that something is going to happen soon, especially something bad. सूचक, अग्रदूत, अग्रगामी.
  • Disarray (Noun – The state of being confused and having no organization or of being untidy. हंगामा, गड़बड़, अव्यवस्था.
  • Uproar (Noun) – A situation in which a lot of people complain about something angrily or making a lot of noise. शोरगुल, उपद्रव, दंगा.
  • Catastrophe (Noun) – A bad situation, a sudden event that cause very great trouble or destruction. आपत्ति, विनाश, बरबादी.
  • Repertoire (Noun) – All the music or plays, etc. that you can do or perform or that you know. प्रदर्शनों की सूचि, खजाना.
  • Evade (Verb) – To avoid or escape from someone or something. टलना, बचना.
  • Moribund (Adjective) – Organization or business which is not active or successful. अन्त के करीब.
  • Perverse (Adjective) – Strange and not what most people would expect or enjoy. प्रतिकूल, विकृत, हठी.
  • Stave off (Phrase) – To stop something bad from happening or to keep an unwanted situation or person away, usually temporarily. रोक देना, किसी बुरी चीज़ को स्वयं से दूर रखना.
  • Instigator (Noun) – A person who causes something to happen, especially something bad. बहकानेवाला, उकसाने वाला.
  • Nudge (Verb) – A slight push or shake. टहोका मारना, तक जाना, कुहनी से छुना.
  • Autonomy (Noun) – The right of an organization, country, or religion to be independent and govern itself. स्वराज्य, स्वायत्तता.
  • Alleviate (Verb) – To make something bad such as pain or problems less severe. घटना, कम करना, धीमा करना.
  • Abdicate (Verb) – Stop having or doing something. त्यागना, छोड़ देना.
  • Overreach (Verb) – To fail by trying to achieving, spend or do more than you can manage. अधिक महत्वाकांक्षी होने के कारन असफल होना. ठगना.
  • Inevitably (Adverb) – In a way that cannot be avoided. अवश्यभावी, निस्संदेह.
  • Jurisprudence (Noun) – The study of law and the principals on which the law is based. न्यायशास्त्र, विधिशास्त्र.
  • Exasperation (Noun) – The feeling of being annoyed, especially because you can do nothing to solve a problem. गुस्सा, क्रोध, रोष.
  • Externality (Noun) – The quality or state of being outside or directed toward or relating to the outside or exterior. आकर, बाहरिपन, बाह्यता.
  • Adage (Noun) – A wise saying. उक्ति, कहावत.
  • Assuage (Verb) – To make unpleasant feelings less strong. शांत करना, कम करना.
  • Render (Verb) – To cause someone or something to be in a particular state. बनाना, प्रस्तुत करना, सौंपना.
  • Deference (Noun) – Respect and politeness. आदर, सन्मान, श्रद्धा.
  • Plumage (Noun) – A bird’s covering of feathers. पंख, साहुल.

Name Of The Bill Section
  • Bicameral (Adjective) – Composed of two legislative bodies consisting two chambers. द्विसदन.
  • Hasty (Adjective) – Hurrying and dong things quickly. आतुर, उतावला, फुर्तीला.
  • Monarch (Noun) – A king or queen. राजा, रानी, सम्राट.
  • Forbid (Verb) – Command against. निषेध करना, रोकना.
  • Corollary (Noun) – Something that results from something else. अनुमान, परिणाम.
  • Pertain (Verb) – Be relevant to. से सम्बन्ध रखना, सरोकार रखना.
  • Enumerate (Verb) – To name tings separately, one by one. गिनना.
  • Indisputable (Adjective) – True and impossible to doubt. निर्विवाद रूप से.
  • Apparent (Adjective) – Able to see or understand. प्रतीत, साफ़, स्पष्ट.
  • Defection (Noun) – The act of leaving a country, political party, etc. to go to another one. त्याग, भंग, विद्रोह.
  • Repeal (Verb) – Cancel officially (especially a law). रद्द करना.
  • Expel (Verb) – To force someone to leave a school, organization, or country. खदेड़ना, निकलना, बाहर करना.
  • Precedent (Noun) – An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstance. उदहारण, नमूना, मिसाल.

The Missing Link Section
  • Staggering (Adjective) – Very shocking and surprising. चौंका देने वाला.
  • Sceptical (Adjective) – Doubting that something is true or useful. अविश्वासी, संशयी.
  • Brow (Noun) – The forehead or peak of mountain. कपाल, मस्तक, शिखर.
  • Fritter (Noun) – A slice of fruit, vegetable, or meat covered with batter and then fried. फल का पकोड़ा.
  • Fritter (Verb) – Spend unwisely. गवाना, टुकड़े करना.
  • Disuse (Noun) – The condition of not being used. अनुपयोग.
  • Freight (Noun) – Transferring and transporting objects/ goods. माल का भाग, बोज़.
  • Malaise (Noun) – Physical discomfort. अस्वस्थता.
  • Reluctant (Adjective) – Not willing to do something and therefore show to do it. अतिच्छुक.
  • Perplex (Verb) – To confuse and worry someone slightly by being difficult to understand or solve. उल्जहना, हैरानी में डालना.
  • Heritage (Noun) – Features belonging to the culture of the particular society, such as traditions, languages, or buildings, that were created in the past and still have historical importance. धरोहर, विरासत.

Hiding Behind Law Section
  • Vigilantism (Noun) – Law enforcement undertake without legal authority by a self-appointed group or people. सतर्कता.
  • Diminution (Noun) – Reduction in size and importance. कमी, घटती.

Messrs Golden Boots Section
  • Treble (Verb) – To increase three times in size or amount or to make something do this. तिगुना करना, तिगुना बढ़ना.
  • Abyss (Noun) – A very deep hole that seems to have no bottom. गहरा कुंड, रसातल.
  • Rekindle (Verb) – To make someone have a feeling that they had in the past. फिर जलना, फिर रोशन करना.
  • Upswing (Noun) – An increase and improvement. उन्नति, चढाव.
  • Resurrection (Noun) – The act of bringing something that had disappeared or ended back into use or existence. पुनरुत्थान, पुनरुज्जीवन.
  • Embroil (Verb) – To cause someone to become involved in an argument or a difficult situation. उलझाना.
  • Edgy (Adjective) – Nervous or worried. चिडचिडा, तनावग्रस्त.
  • Suffice (Verb) – To be enough. पर्यात्पना, पूरा करना, काफी होना.
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