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February 28, 2016

28th February 2016 - Important Current Affairs updates

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National Affairs
  • Today (28th February 2016)  is National Science Day.
    • On this day, the nation pays tributes to the legacy of the great scientist, Dr C V Raman, who brought Nobel Prize in Science to Asia and India for the first time for his ground-breaking achievement of the Raman effect.
    • Professor Raman disclosed this discovery to the world on 28th of February, 1928 and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.
    • In 1986, The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) had urged the Indian government to declare February 28 as National Science Day.
    • Themes of National Science Day
      • 2011 : “Chemistry in Daily Life”.
      • 2012 : “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.
      • 2013 : “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.
      • 2014 : “Fostering Scientific Temper and Energy conservation”.
      • 2015 : “Science for Nation Building”.
      • 2016 : "Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation"
  • First President of Republic of India, Bharat Ratna, Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Death Anniversary today.
  • President Pranab Mukherjee has inaugurated India's first "Gender Park" in Kozhikode, Kerala.
    • The main aim of the park is to promote research and other initiatives to facilitate complete gender equality.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) has directed all its schools to hoist the national flag at a prominent location on their campuses daily. 
    • KVS, which runs over 1000 schools in India and abroad, is chaired by Union HRD Minister Smriti Irani. 
  • As per a study by the University of Toronto, the number of male smokers in India rose by 36% in 17 years, from 79 million in 1998 to 108 million in 2015. 
    • This represents an annual average increase of 1.7 million. In 2010, around 10% of all deaths in India (around 1 million) were caused by smoking.

Awards & Honors
  • Oscar-winning sound designer Resul Pookutty and his team won a Golden Reel Award for the documentary film 'India's Daughter'. 
    • They won this award in the 'Best Sound & Music Editing: Television Documentary Short Form' category. 
  • Three Indian beaches have been named among the Top 10 in 'Asia’s Travellers’ Choice Award-Winning Beaches’ by travel website TripAdvisor. 
    • Goa's Agonda and Palolem beaches were ranked fourth and eighth respectively while Radhanagar Beach on the Havelock Island in the Andamans has been placed at rank ten. 
    • Note : No Indian beach was named in the world's top 10.

People in News
  • Indian Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar has joined ICC and UNICEF’s ‘Team Swachh’ initiative to build a social movement for sanitation and toilet use, aiming for an open defecation-free India.
    • Sachin, who is the Goodwill Ambassador for South Asia, will be joined by other cricketers for the initiative, which will lend support to the Government of India’s ‘Swachh Bharat’ Mission.

Business & Economy
  • The Indian Railways is set to lay 7 km of tracks every day in 2016-17 as against an average of 4.3 km per day in the last six years, as part of its capacity augmentation plan. 
    • Note :  The Railways is expected to lay 13 km per day in 2017-18, and 19 km per day in 2018-19.
  • According to the US Treasury Department, India hiked its exposure to US government securities by nearly $34 billion to touch $116.8 billion in 2015, up from $83 billion in 2014. 
    • This comes against the backdrop of the global economy witnessing uneven growth trends in 2015. 
    • Note : China remained the largest holder of US government securities worth $1.246 trillion.

New Appointments
  • Former CAG Vinod Rai was today appointed first Chairman of the Banks Board Bureau, which will advise the government on top-level appointments at public sector lenders and ways to address the bad loans problem among other issues.
    • Important Note : ICICI Bank's former Joint Managing Director H N Sinor, Bank of Baroda's former CMD Anil K Khandelwal and rating agency CRISIL's former chief Rupa Kudwa have been appointed as Members of Banks Board Bureau.
  • Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik was today elected as the President of Biju Janata Dal (BJD) for the 7th consecutive term
    • He is the founder president of the party, which was formed after the death of former CM Biju Patnaik in 1997.

Science & Technology
  • On the eve National Science Day today, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that a Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) will be set up in India to study gravitational waves. 
    • Note : Physicists have recently discovered gravitational waves, a theory first predicted by Albert Einstein in 1916.
  • China will launch its second space laboratory, Tiangong 2, into Earth’s orbit in the third quarter of 2016. 
    • The country also plans to launch its Shenzhou 11 spacecraft, that will carry two astronauts, in the fourth quarter to dock with Tiangong 2. 
    • Note : China had launched its first space laboratory, Tiangong 1, into orbit in 2011.
  • Drug firm Aurobindo Pharma has received tentative approval from the US health regulator for its Ritonavir tablets used for treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.

  • International Boxing Federation’s (IBF) super bantamweight world champion Carl Frampton has defeated World Boxing Association’s (WBA) super bantamweight world champion Scott Quigg
    • Note : Frampton now holds both the IBF and WBA super-bantamweight titles after winning the 12-round-bout. 
  • British national newspaper, The Guardian's Tom Jenkins was named as the Sports Photographer of the Year at the 2015 Picture Editors’ Guild awards. 

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