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October 23, 2013

List of Nobel Prize Winners from India

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There are 12 people from India received Nobel Prizes in various Subjects upto now. 4 of them are Indian Citizens,  7 Foreign citizens of Indian origin / Indian citizens of foreign origin. Maximum of them got Nobel Prizes for Literature (3 times - Rudyard Kipling, Rabindranath Tagore and V. S. Naipaul). Here is the brief introduction about them.

Sir Ronald Ross  : He was an Indian-born British doctor. He recieved the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the year 1902. He recieved this award for his discovery  of the malarial parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of the Anopheles mosquito. This invention helped alot in preventing malaria.

Rudyard Kipling : He was also an Indian-born British poet, novelist and short story writer. He is famous for the popular 'IF POEM', The Jungle Book, Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, The Man Who Would be King, Mandalay and Gunga Din among others. He recieved the Nobel Prize for Literature for the year 1907. He was the  first English-language recipient of this prestegious award.

Rabindranath Tagore : He was a Bengali poet, philosopher, artist, playwright, composer and novelist. He is famous for his book Gitanjali. He won Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 1913. He became the first non-European to win this Award.

C.V. Raman : Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, an Indian physicist who is famous for his research on "inelastic scattering of a photon (Raman Effect)". He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1930 for his  discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength.

Har Gobind Khorana : He is an Indo-American Bio Chemist. He jointly recieved the Nobel Prize for Physiology / Medicine for the year 1968 with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley  for his efforts to show how the nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins.

Mother Teresa : She was an Albanian born, Indian Roman Catholic Religious Sister. She was the founder of "Missionaries of Charity", a Roman Catholic religious congregation. She won the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 1979.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar : He was an Indian-American astrophysicist. He was the nephew of Sir C.V. Raman, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. Chandrasekhar shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with  William A. Fowler for the year 1983. He won this award for his theory on the later evolutionary stages of massive stars. He is famous for  Chandrasekhar limit (the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star). 

Amartya Sen : He  is an Indian economist. He is famous for  his contributions to welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, and indexes of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He won the Nobel  Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for the year 1998.

V. S. Naipaul : Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, is a British writer of Indian origins (his grandfathers had emigrated from India as indentured servants). He is famous for his books A Bend in the River, A House for Mr Biswas,  An Area of Darkness, India: A Wounded Civilization, India: A Million Mutinies Now etc. He won the prestegious  Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 2001.

Rajendra K. Pachauri : He was born in Nainital. He is the chairperson of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He won the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2007. 

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan : 
He is an Indian-born American and British structural biologist.  He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the year 2009 for his research on the structure and function of the ribosome. He shared this award with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath,

Kailash Satyarthi : He is an Indian children's rights activist. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2014 . He has been active in the Indian movement against child labour since the 1990s. So far his organization, Bachpan Bachao Andolan, has freed over 80,000 children from various forms of servitude and helped in successful re-integration, rehabilitation and education. Together with Malala Yousafzai, he was announced as the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

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