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July 19, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 19th July 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 19th July 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Get real on Swachh: on manual scavenging"
  • Manual Scavenging - a caste-based occupation involving the removal of untreated human excreta from bucket toilets or pit latrines
  • Despite - used for saying that something happens even though something else might have prevented it
  • Stringent - stringent rules or conditions are strict and make you achieve high standards
  • Penal - relating to the punishment of criminals
  • Provision - a part of law that deals with a particular problem
  • Ensure - to make certain that something happens or is done
  • Enforcement - the process of making sure that something happens, especially that people obey a law or rule
  • Prohibition - a law or rule that stops people from doing something
  • Rehabilitation - to return something to a good condition
  • In the wake of something - happening after an event or as a result of it
  • Malaise - a general feeling of being worried, unhappy, or not satisfied
  • Evidently - easily seen or understood
  • Vigorous - full of energy, enthusiasm, or determination
  • Campaign - a series of actions intended to produce political or social change
  • Insanitary - insanitary conditions are dirty and dangerous to your health
  • Urban - relating to towns and cities, or happening there
  • Excreta - the liquid and solid waste that your body gets rid of
  • Indifference - lack of interest or sympathy
  • Prejudice - an unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially the feeling of not liking a particular group of people
  • Persist - to continue to exist
  • Obligation - something that you must do for legal or moral reasons
  • Demolish - to deliberately destroy a building
  • Sanitation - conditions and processes relating to people’s health, especially the systems that supply water and deal with human waste
  • Census - an occasion on which government officials count the people who live in a country and record other information about them
  • Substantial - large in amount or degree
  • Incongruous - strange because of being very different to other things which happen or exist in the same situation
  • Cess - a tax
  • Determined - not willing to let anything prevent you from doing what you have decided to do
  • Scourge - something that causes a lot of trouble or harm
  • Impede - to make it more difficult for someone to do something or more difficult for something to happen
  • Ritual - a formal ceremony
  • Conservative -  not willing to accept much change, especially in the traditional values of society
  • Unscientific - not considered, examined, or tested using methods that scientists think are necessary
  • Pernicious - very dangerous or harmful
  • Entrenched - entrenched attitudes or feelings have existed for a long time and are difficult to change
  • Stigmatise - to treat a particular type of behaviour as wrong or embarrassing and to try to make people who behave in this way feel ashamed
  • Accurate - correct or true in every detail
  • Vital - very important, necessary, or essential
  • Reluctance - unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
  • Empowerment - authority or power given to someone to do something
  • Barrier - anything that prevents progress or makes it difficult for someone to achieve something
  • Uplift - to make someone feel happier or more hopeful
  • Compensation - money that someone receives because something bad has happened to them
  • Humiliating - making you feel very embarrassed and ashamed
  • Hazardous - dangerous, especially to people’s health or safety
  • Coup - an occasion when a group of people takes control of a country, usually by means of military force
  • Defend - to prevent something from failing, stopping, or being taken away
  • Democracy - a system of government in which people vote in elections to choose the people who will govern them
  • Seize - to take something using official power and force
  • Fractious - causing problems and difficult to control
  • Denounce - to criticize someone or something severely in public
  • Victory - an occasion when you win a game, competition, election, war, etc
  • Usher in - to make an activity or process begin
  • Reform - a change that is intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair, or make a system work more effectively
  • Unrest - angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting against something
  • Purge - to remove people suddenly or violently from an organization, group etc
  • Plotter - someone who secretly makes plans to do something illegal or harmful
  • Preacher - someone whose job is to give religious speeches or to lead religious ceremonies in some Christian churches
  • Crackdown - strong action that someone in authority takes to stop a particular activity
  • Impose - to introduce something such as a new law or new system, and force people to accept it
  • State of emergency - a situation in which a government takes action to deal with an event such as a flood or a fire that is putting a lot of people in danger
  • Grappling with something - to try hard to understand a difficult idea or to solve a difficult problem
  • Purge - to remove people suddenly or violently from an organization, group etc
  • Referendum - an occasion when everyone in a country can vote to make a decision about one particular subject
  • Constitution - a set of basic laws or principles for a country that describe the rights and duties of its citizens and the way in which it is governed
  • Transform - to make someone or something completely different
  • Domestically - relating to the country being talked about, not other countries
  • Strongman - a political leader who uses force or threats to keep power
  • Conservative - not willing to accept much change, especially in the traditional values of society
  • Antagonise - to make someone feel angry with you, so that they start to dislike you or have a negative attitude towards you
  • Violation - an action that is in opposition to a law, agreement, principle etc
  • Authoritarian - controlling everything and forcing people to obey strict rules and laws
  • Ally - a country that makes an agreement with another country that they will work together to help each other, especially in a war
  • Opportune - something that is opportune happens at a suitable time or at a time that seems lucky
  • Undermining -  to make something or someone become gradually less effective, confident, or successful
  • Mobilise - if you mobilize a group of people, or if they mobilize, they come together in order to achieve something
  • Precarious - likely to change or become dangerous without warning
  • Stability - a situation in which things happen as they should and there are no harmful changes
  • Endanger - to put someone or something at risk or in danger of being harmed, damaged, or destroyed

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