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May 18, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 18th May 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 18th May 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "The other debt issue: on the States' finances"

  • Deterioration - to become worse
  • Address -  to try to deal with a problem
  • Deficit - the total amount by which money spent is more than money received
  • Proportion - a quantity of something that is a part or share of the whole
  • Breach - a failure to follow a law or rule
  • Threshold - a level at which something happens
  • Prudent - careful, and using good judgment
  • Successive - coming or happening one after another in a series
  • Revert to something - to return to a previous state or way of behaving, often one that is not good
  • Unravelling - if a process or project unravels, it begins to fail
  • Assert - to state firmly that something is true
  • Benchmark - an amount, level, standard etc that you can use for judging how good or bad other things are
  • Crises (plural of crisis) - a time of great disagreement, confusion, or suffering
  • Tumble - if a price or value tumbles, it suddenly becomes much lower
  • Precipitate - to make something happen or begin to exist suddenly and quickly, especially something bad
  • Irresponsibility - lack of a proper sense of responsibility
  • Massive - very large or heavy
  • Chronically - to a very great extent; extremely
  • Restructuring - to organize a company, business, or system in a new way to make it operate more effectively
  • Steered - controlled
  • Dent - to have a bad effect on something
  • Significantly -  by a large amount, or in a way that is easily noticeable
  • Elusive - difficult or impossible to achieve
  • Bolstering - to make something stronger or more effective
  • Irrigation - to supply land with water so that crops and plants will grow
  • Expenditure - money spent by a government, organization, or person
  • Sustainable - capable of continuing for a long time at the same level
  • Tepid - not very excited or enthusiastic
  • Hike - to suddenly increase the amount or level of something
  • Short-changing - to treat someone unfairly or dishonestly by giving them less of something than they want or need
  • Levy - an amount of money that you have to pay, for example as a tax
  • Surcharge - an additional amount of money that you must pay for something over the usual price
  • Forthcoming - happening or coming soon
  • Regime - a system of rules that control something
  • Anomaly - something unusual, unexpected, or different from what normally happens
  • Potential - someone's or something's ability to develop, achieve, or succeed
  • Unstated - not talked about directly, but usually known about or understood
  • Proxy - authority given to a person to act for someone else
  • Boisterous - noisy, energetic, and rough
  • Clamour - an urgent request for something by a lot of people
  • Ad hoc - done only when needed for a specific purpose, without planning or preparation
  • Waiver - an official statement or document that says a right, claim, or law can be officially ignored or given up
  • Consolidation - the action or process of making something stronger or more solid
  • Deficit - the difference between the amount of money or goods that a country or business has and the amount that it has spent or that it owes
  • Liability - legal responsibility for causing damage or injury, or for paying something
  • Tighten your belt - to spend less money
  • Considerably - a lot

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "High-stakes battle: on the Iran elections"

  • High-stakes - a high-stakes activity or situation involves a lot of risk or serious consequences
  • Incumbent - someone who has an official position
  • Revolution - a situation in which people completely change their government or political system, usually by force
  • Impeach - to formally accuse a public official of a serious crime relating to their job
  • Reformist - wanting to change and improve society or an institution
  • Electorate - all the people who are allowed to vote in an election
  • Integrate - to make someone become a full member of a group or society and be involved completely in its activities
  • Reform - a change that is intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair, or make a system work more effectively
  • Isolation - a situation in which a country or group is alone and without support because other countries or groups stop dealing with it
  • Repression - the use of force or violence to control people
  • Crisis - an urgent, difficult, or dangerous situation
  • Diplomatic - relating to the profession or skill of preserving or creating friendly relationships between countries
  • Clinch - to finally get or win something
  • Oversaw - to watch or organize a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly
  • Giant - a very large and successful company
  • Mandate - the authority given to an elected group of people, such as a government, to perform an action or govern a country
  • Sanction - an official order to stop communication, trade, etc with a country that has broken international law
  • Impose - to officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc. to be obeyed or received
  • Thaw - to become more friendly
  • In the wake of something - happening after an event or as a result of it
  • Rhetoric - a style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people
  • Hardliner - a member of a group, typically a political group, who adheres uncompromisingly to a set of ideas or policies.
  • Elitist - supporting or based on a system in which a small group of people have a lot of advantages and keep the most power and influence
  • Cleric - a leader of any religion
  • Aide - someone whose job is to help another person in their work
  • Endorse - to express support for someone or something, especially in public
  • Nonetheless - despite what has just been said or done
  • Lend redence - to make people think that something is likely to be true
  • Theocratic - relating to a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
  • Visionary - with clear ideas or hopes of how something should be done or how things will be in the future
  • Manoeuvre - an action or movement that you need care or skill to do
  • Gradually - slowly and in small stages or amounts
  • Predecessor - the person who had a job or official position before someone else
  • Flawless - without any mistakes, marks, or bad features
  • Navigating - finding and following a path through a difficult place
  • Perhaps - used for saying that you are not certain about something, or that something may or may not be true
  • Substantive - important or serious, or referring to the most important or serious issues
  • Agenda - all the things that need to be done or that need to be thought about or solved

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