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April 25, 2017

SBI PO Previous Papers : English Language - Synonyms & Antonyms

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SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS 

Directions (1-3) : Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in bold. (SBI Associate Banks PO Exam. 21.07.2002)
1. PREDISPOSED
  1. Reluctant
  2. Unprepared
  3. Ready
  4. Hesitant
  5. Interested 
2. STRESS
  1. Enforce
  2. Emphasise
  3. Pressurise
  4. Suppress
  5. Implement 
3. AFTERMATH
  1. Devastation
  2. Disharmony
  3. Posterity
  4. Consequence
  5. Contemporary 
Directions (4-5) : Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in bold. (SBI Associate Banks PO Exam 21.07.2002)
4. AGREEMENT
  1. Dissension
  2. Harmony
  3. Refusal
  4. Misunderstanding
  5. Differential 
5. SETTLED
  1. Dislocated
  2. Unprecedented
  3. Irrelevant
  4. Stabilised
  5. Unfounded 
Directions (6-10) : Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in bold. (SBI Bank PO Exam. 18.05.2003)
6. OBSOLETE
  1. Transparent
  2. Irregular
  3. Outmoded
  4. Strange
  5. Straightforward 
7. BALEFUL
  1. Uncovered
  2. Ruinous
  3. Gentle
  4. Trial
  5. Sheepish 
8. HOODWINK
  1. Bamboozle
  2. Anticipate
  3. Desperate
  4. Humble
  5. Embrace
9. NIMBLE
  1. Clumsy
  2. Honest
  3. Needless
  4. Agile
  5. Noteworthy 
10. BASE
  1. Exalted
  2. Helpful
  3. Unmarked
  4. Harsh
  5. Immoral 
Directions (11-15) : Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word given in bold.
11. FIDELITY
  1. Perfidy
  2. Loyalty
  3. Amnesty
  4. Freshness
  5. Vivacity 
12. INDIGNATION
  1. Animosity
  2. Insolence
  3. Forbearance
  4. Alertness
  5. Indolence 
13. LOFTY
  1. Deserted
  2. Imposing
  3. Solitary
  4. Lowly
  5. Adrift 
14. HEED
  1. Assist
  2. Neglect
  3. Uphold
  4. Conceal
  5. Disguise 
15. INTREPID
  1. Audacious
  2. Acquired
  3. Evident
  4. Simple
  5. Bashful 
Directions (16-18) : Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold. (SBI PO Exam. 09.01.2005)
16. ACCESS
  1. Reach
  2. Loan
  3. Help
  4. Advantage
  5. Utility 
17. ADVENT
  1. Shining
  2. Departure
  3. Power
  4. Force
  5. Arrival 
18. TRADITIONAL
  1. Religious
  2. Excessive
  3. Old
  4. Customary
  5. Sick 
Directions (19-20) : Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold. (SBI PO Exam. 09.01.2005)
19. BURGEONING
  1. Growing
  2. Retarding
  3. Dipping
  4. Unique
  5. Common 
20. STAGNATING
  1. Developing
  2. Redundant
  3. Over working
  4. Fixed
  5. Stationery 
Directions (21-30) : In each of the following questions four words are given of which two words are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate the number of the correct letter combination. (SBI Associate Banks PO Exam. 07.01.2007)
21. (A) Proximate (B) Elevated (C) Nimble  (D) Agile
  1. B-C
  2. B-D
  3. A-B
  4. A-C
  5. C-D 
22. (A) Notion (B) Symbol (C) Concept (D) Message
  1. A-B
  2. B-C
  3. A-C
  4. C-D
  5. B-D 
23. (A) Limpid (B) Luscious (C) Acrid (D) Benign
  1. A-B
  2. B-C
  3. C-D
  4. B-D
  5. A-C 
24. (A) Asinine (B) Furious (C) Fortunate (D) Ridiculous
  1. A-D
  2. A-B
  3. A-C
  4. B-C
  5. B-D 
25. (A) Companion (B) Amateur (C) Adept (D) Adherent
  1. B-C
  2. B-D
  3. C-D
  4. A-B
  5. A-D 
26. (A) Squander (B) Disunite (C) Flicker (D) Preserve
  1. A-C
  2. B-C
  3. A-D
  4. C-D
  5. B-D
27. (A) Mitigate (B) Acquiesce (C) Relinquish (D) Duplicate
  1. A-C
  2. B-D
  3. A-B
  4. C-D
  5. B-C 
28. (A) Fable (B) Legend (C) Portrayal (D) Contract
  1. A-C
  2. B-C
  3. B-D
  4. A-B
  5. C-D 
29. (A) Occurrence (C) Profusion Extravagance
  1. B-D
  2. C-D
  3. B-C
  4. A-C
  5. A-B 
30. (A) Excellent (B) Passionate (C) Apathetic (D) Discrepant
  1. A-B
  2. A-C
  3. A-D
  4. B-C
  5. C-D 
Directions (31-35) : In each of the following questions four words are given of which two words are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate the number of the correct letter combination. (SBI Associates Bank Po Exam. 07.03.2010)
31. (A) Instigate (B) Enquire Construe (D) Interpret 
  1. A - C
  2. A - B 
  3. C - D
  4. B-D 
  5.  A-D  
32. (A) Superficial (B) Superfluous Enlightened (D) Surplus 
  1. A-C
  2. A - B
  3. B-C
  4. B-D
  5. A-D  
33. (A) Appalling (B) Sinister Perturbed (D) Threatening 
  1. A - B
  2. B-D
  3. A-C 
  4. A-D
  5. D - C 
34. (A) Imprison (B) Torture (C) Excruciate (D) Extract 
  1. B-D
  2. B-C
  3. A - B
  4. C - D 
  5. A-C  
35. (A) Pertinent (B) Impolite Irrelevant (D) Insecure 
  1. A-C
  2. B-D
  3. C - D
  4. A-D
  5. B-C 
Directions (36-40) : In each of the following questions four words are given of which two words are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and find the number of the correct letter combination, that is your answer. (813I & Rural Business PO Exam. 18.04.2010)
36. (A) Consent (B) Nascent (C) Emerging (D) Insecure
  1. A - C
  2. B D
  3. B - C
  4. A - D
  5. A - B 
37. (A) Elated (B) Eccentric (C) Explicit (D) Abnormal
  1. A - B
  2. B - D
  3. A - C
  4. A - D
  5. D - C 
38. (A) Abundance (B) Incomparable (C) Projection (D) Plethora
  1. A - C
  2. A - B
  3. C - D
  4. B - D
  5. A-D  
39. (A) Purposefully (B) Inaccurately (C) Inadvertently (D) Unchangeably
  1. A - B
  2. B - D
  3. A - C
  4. B-C 
  5. A-D 
40. (A) Germane (B) Generate  (C) Reliable (D) Irrelevant
  1. B-D  
  2. B-C
  3. A - B 
  4. C-D
  5. A-D
Directions (41-45) : In each of the following questions four words are given of which two words are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate the number of the correct letter combination. (SBI Probationary Officer Exam 28.04.2013)
41. (A) consent (B) nascent (C) emerging (D) insecure
  1. A-C 
  2. B-D
  3. B-C 
  4. A-D
  5. A-B 
42. (A) elated (B) incomparable (C) explicit(D) plethora
  1. A-B 
  2. B-D
  3. A-C 
  4. A-D
  5. D-C 
43. (A) abundance (B) incomparable (C) projection (D) plethora
  1. A-C 
  2. A-B
  3. C-D 
  4. B-D
  5. A-D 
44. (A) purposefully (B) inaccurately (C) inadvertently (D) unchangeably
  1. A-C 
  2. A-B
  3. C-D
  4. B-D
  5. A-D 
45. (A) germane (B) generate (C) reliable (D)irrelevant
  1. B-D 
  2. B-C
  3. A-B 
  4. C-D
  5. A-D

Solutions with Explanations :


(1-3)
1. (3) Ready
Predisposed (V.) : to influence somebody so that they are likely to think/behave in a particular way 
Reluctant (Adj.) : hesitating before doing something because you do not want to do it/because you are not sure that it is the right thing to do

2. (2) Emphasise 
Stress (V.) : emphasise ; to become/make somebody become too anxious/tired to be able to relax 
Enforce (V.) : to make sure that people obey a particular law/rule 
Suppress (V.) : to put an end, by force ; to prevent yourself from having/expressing a feeling/an emotion 
Implement (V.) : to make something that has been officially decided, start to happen/be used

3. (4) Consequence  
Aftermath (N.) : the situation that exists as a result of an important event 
Devastation (N.) : great destruction/damage 
Disharmony (N.) : a lack of agreement about important things 
Posterity (N.) : all the people who will live in the future 
Consequence (N.) : a result of something that has happened 
Contemporary (Adj.) : belonging to the same time/present time

(4-5) 

 4. (1) Dissension 
Dissension (N.) : disagreement between people/within a group

5. (1) Dislocated  
Dislocated (V.) : to stop a system, plan, etc. from working/ continuing in the normal way; to put out of usual or proper place 
Unprecedented (Adj.) : that has never happened, been done/been known before
Irrelevant (Adj.) : not important to/connected with a situation 
Stabilised (V.) : to become/to make something become firm, steady and unlikely to change 
Unfounded (Adj.) : not based on reason/fact ; not established 
Settled (Adj.) : not likely to change/move ; to establish as a resident

(6-10) 

6. (3) Outmoded  
Obsolete (Adj.) : antique ;, dead; discussed; extinct; old; old-fashioned; out of date; out modeled.

7. (2) Ruinous  
Baleful (Adj.) : malignant; of evil influence; painful; sorrowful; harmful ; ruinous. 
Ruinous (Adj.) : causing serious problems/damage 
Sheepish (Adj.) : looking/feeling embarrassed because you have done.something silly/wrong

8. (1) Bamboozle  
Hoodwink : bamboozle; cheat; deceive; delude; dupe; fool; hoax; mislead; rook; swindle; take in 
Bamoozle (V.) : to confuse somebody, by tricking them

9. (4) Agile  
Nimble (Adj.) : active; agile; alert; brisk; light footed; lively; nipply; proficient; prompt; quick; ready; smart; slightly; swift;

10. (5) Immoral  
Base (Adj.) : basis; bottom; camp; centre; core; essence; essential; foot; foundation; fundamental; groundwork; headquarters; home; key; origin; pedestral; root; starting point; immoral 
Exalted (Adj.) : full of great joy and happiness ; of high rank, position/great importance

(11-15)

11. (1) Perfidy 
Fidelity (N.) : adherence; allegiance; devotion; loyality; accuracy; closeness, precision; reliability 
Perfidy (N.) : unfair treatment of somebody who trusts you 
Amnesty (N.) : an official statement that allows people who have been put in prison for crimes against the state to go free ; a period of time during which people can admit to a crime/give up weapons without being punished 
Vivacity (N.) : the quality of being lively and attractive

12. (3) Forbearance 
Indignation (N.) : anger; exasperation; ire; outrage; resentment; scorn; wrath 
Animosity (N.) : a strong feeling of opposition, anger/hatred 
Insolence (N.) : extremely rude behaviour that shows a lack of respect for somebody 

Forbearance (N.) : the quality of being patient and sympathetic towards other people, especially when they have done something wrong 
Indolence (N.) : the feeling of not wanting to work; lazy behaviour

13. (4) Lowly  
Lofty (Adj.) : high; exalted; elevated; dignified; distinguished; majestic; proud;
Deserted (Adj.) : with no people in it ; abandoned 
Imposing (Adj.) : impressive to look at ; making a strong impression 
Solitary (Adj.) : without other people ; done alone 
Adrift (Adj.) : feeling alone and without a direction/an aim in life 
Lowly (Adj.) : low in status/ importance ; humble ; obscure

14. (2) Neglect 
Heed (V.) : to take notice; to attend to 
Neglect (V.) : to fail to take care of somebody/something; to not give enough attention to something 
Uphold (V.) : to support something that you think is right and make sure that it continues to exist 
Conceal (V.) : to hide somebody/ something 
Disguise (V.) : to change your appearance so that people cannot recognize you

15. (5) Bashful  
Intrepid (Adj.) : brave; fearless; undaunted 
Audacious (Adj.) : willing to take risks/to do something shocking ; daring
Acquired (Adj.) : gained by one's own efforts 
Bashful (Adj.) : shy and easily embarrassed

(16-18) 

16. (1) Reach 
Access (N.) : a way of entering/ reaching a place

17. (5) Arrival  
Advent (N.) : the coming of an important event, person, invention, etc.

18. (4) Customary 
Traditional (Adj.) : being part of the beliefs, customs/way of life of a particular group of people, that have not changed for a long time 
Customary (Adj.) : usual ; habitual

(19-20)

19. (2) Retarding 
Burgeoning (Adj.) : growing or developing rapidly. 
Retarding (V.) : to make the development/progress of something slower

20. (1) Developing  
Stagnating (V.) : to stop developing/making progress 
Redundant (Adj.) : not needed/ useful

(21-30) 

21. (5) C-D 
(A) Proximate (Adj.) : nearest or next, without anything between a cause and its effect. 
(B) Elevated (Adj.) : dignified, elated, grand, high, lofty, noble, raised, sublime 
(C) Nimble (Adj.) : active, agile, alert, brisk, deft, light-fotted, lively, ready 
(D) Agile (Adj.) : active, adroit, brisk, clever, quick, sharp, swift, spry 
(C) and (D) are SAME meaning words.

22. (3) A-C 
(A) Notion (N.) : apprehension, belief, idea, concept, fancy, image, judgement, knowledge, view 
(B) Symbol (N.) : badge, emblem, image, logo, representation sign, token, type 
(C) Concept (N.) : abstraction conception, construct, idea, image, type, view, notion 
(D) Message (N.) : information, memo, note, bulletin 
(A) and (C) are SAME meaning words

23. (2) B-C 
(A) Limpid (Adj.) : bright, clear, comprehensible, crystal-clear, glassy, intelligible, pure

(B) Luscious (Adj.) : appetising. delicious, desirable, juicy, savoury, sweet, tasty 
(C) Acrid (Adj.) : acid, acrimonious, bitter, sharp, burning, punget, sarcastic 
(D) Benign (Adj.) : amiable, benevolent, friendly, genial, gentle, good, gracious 
(B) and (C) are OPPOSITE meaning words

24. (1) A-D 
(A) Asinine (Adj.) : of or like an ass, idiotic 
(B) Furious (Adj.) : angry, boiling, enraged, fierce, fuming, livid, mad, raging, violent, stormy, 
(C) Fortunate (Adj.) : advantageous, blessed, bright, lucky, happy, successful, felicitious, opportune (D) Ridiculous (Adj.) : absurd, comical, derisory, farcical, foolish, funny, stupid, ludicrous 
(A) and (D) are SAME meaning words

25. (1) B-C 
(A) Companion (N.) : accomplice, aide, ally, assistant, associate mate, partner 
(B) Amateur (N.) : buff, dabbler, dilettante, fanier, ham, layman, non-professional, unskilled 
(C) Adept (Adj.) : able, accomplished, adroit, versed, skilled, proficient, practiced, nimble. 
(D) Adherent (N.) : admirer, advocate, devotee, disciple, fan, follower, supporter 
(B) and (C) are OPPOSITE meaning words

26. (3) A-D  
(A) Squander (V.) : blow, consume, dissipate, expend, fritter, waste, scatter, misuse 
(B) Disunite (V.) : to separate from union, detach, divide, to sever or surrender 
(C) Flicker (V.) : flare, flash, flutter, waver, vibrate, twinkle, glimmer 
(D) Preserve (V.) : care for, conserve, continue, defend, guard, keep, uphold, shelter 
(A) and (D) are OPPOSITE meaning words. 

27. (5) B-C 
(A) Mitigate (V.) : to mollify, appease, alleviate, reduce 
(B) Acquiesce (V.) : accede, accept, agree, allow, approve, assent, comply, concur 
(C) Relinquish (V.) : abandon, cede desert, discard, forgo, resign, vacate 
(D) Duplicate (Adj.) : corresponding, identical, twofold, twin 
(B) and (C) are OPPOSITE meaning words.

28. (4) A-B 
Fable (N.) : legend. 
(A) and (B) are SAME meaning words

29. (2) C-D 
(A) Occurence (N.) : situation, dventure, affair, instance, incident, episode 
(B) Pretence (N.) : acting, affectation, claim, allegation, appearance, charade, grab 
(C) Profusion (N.) : abundance, copiousness, glut, multitutde, wealth, extravagance 
(D) Extravagance (N.) : abundance, excess, folly, squander, waste, profusion 
(C) and (1D) are SAME meaning words

30. (4) B-C 
(A) Excellent (Adj.) : admirable, commendable, unequalled, superb, wonderful, worthy 
(B) Passionate (Adj.) : ardent, erotic, violent, wild, zealous, fiery, inflamed, fervent
(C) Apathetic (Adj.) : cold, cool, impassive, passive, unemotional, indifferent 
(D) Discrepant (Adj.) : contrary, disagreeing (B) and (C) are OPPOSITE meaning words 

(31-35)

31. (3) C-D 
(A) Instigate (V.) : to make some-thing start/happen (official/bad) 
(B) Enquire (V.) : to ask somebody for some information

(C) Construe (V.) : to understand the meaning of a word, a sentence/an action in a particular way ; interpret 
(D) Interpret (V.) : to explain/ understand the meaning of Something 
(C) and (D) are SAME meaning words

32. (4) B-D 
(A) Superficial (Adj.) : not studying/looking at something thoroughly ; seeing only what is obvious ; appearing to be true, real/important until you look at it more carefully 
(B) Superfluous (Adj.) : unnecessary ; more than you need/want 
(C) Enlightened (Adj.) : having/ showing an understanding of people's needs, a situation, etc. that is not based on old-fashioned attitudes/prejudice
(D) Surplus (Adj.) : an amount that is extra/more than you need
(B) and (D) are SAME meaning words

33. (2) B-D 
(A) Appalling (Adj.) : shocking ; extremely bad 
(B) Sinister (Adj.) : seeming evil/ dangerous ; making you think something bad will happen ; menacing 
(C) Perturbed (Adj.) : worried/ anxious ; alarmed 
(D) Threatening (Adj.) : expressing a threat of harm/violence ; menacing 
(B) and (D) are SAME meaning words

34. (2) B-C 
(A) Imprison (V.) : to put some-body in a prison/another place from which they cannot escape 
(B) Torture (V.) : to hurt somebody, in order to punish them ; to make somebody feel extremely unhappy/anxious ; torment 
(C) Excruciate (V.) : torture ; to inflict severe pain on   

(D) Extract (V.) : take away from ; remove ; take out 
(B) and (C) are SAME meaning words

35. (1) A-C 
(A) Pertinent (Adj.) : relevant ; appropriate to a particular situation 
(A) and (C) are OPPOSITE meaning words

(36-40)

36. (3) B-C 
(A) Consent (N.) : permission to do something 
(B) Nascent (Adj.) : beginning to exist ; not yet fully developed 
(C) Emerging (Adj.) : starting to exist, grow, or become known 
(D) Insecure (Adj.) : not safe/ protected 
(B) and (C) are SAME meaning words

37. (2) B-D 
(A) Elated (Adj.) : very happy and excited because something good has happened/will happen 
(B) Eccentric (Adj.) : a person who is considered by other people to be strange/unusual 
(C) Explicit (Adj.) : clear and easy to understand 
(D) Abnormal (Adj.) : different from what is usual/expected, especially in a way that is worrying, harmful/not wanted 
(B) and (D) are SAME meaning words

38. (5) A-D 
(A) Abundance (N.) : a large quantity that is more than enough 
(B) Incomparable (Adj.) : matchless ; so good/impressive that nothing can be compared to it 
(C) Projection (N.) : bulge, overhang, prominence, estimate 
(D) Plethora (N.) : an amount that is greater than is needed/can be used ; excess 
(A) and (D) are SAME meaning words

39. (1) A-C 
(A) Purposefully (Adv.) : in a way that has a useful purpose ; with a clear aim and determination
(B) Inaccurately (Adv.) : in a way that is not exact/accurate or has mistakes 
(C) Inadvertently (Adv.) : by accident ; without intending to ; unintentional 
(D) Unchangeably (Adv.) : in an unalterable and unchangeable manner 
(A) and (C) are SAME meaning words

40. (5) A-D 
(A) Germane (Adj.) : relevant 
(B) Generate (V.) : to produce or create something 
(C) Reliable (Adj.) : that can be trusted ; that is likely to be correct/true 
(D) Irrelevant (Adj.) : not important to/connected with a situation 
(A) and (D) are OPPOSITE meaning words 

(41-45)

41. (3)  
Nascent (Adjective) = be-ginning to exist; not yet fully developed. 
Emerging = beginning to exist; to become or appear known.

42. (2)  
Eccentric = considered by other people to be strange or unusual; whimsical. 
Abnormal = different from what is usual or expected.

43. (5) 
Plethora = an amount that is greater than is needed or can be used; excess 
Abundance = a large quantity that is more than enough

44. (1) 
Inadvertently = by accident; without intending to, unintentionally. 
Purposefully = intentionally

45. (5) 
Germane = relevant connect-ed with something
Irrelevant = not important to or connected with a situation

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