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March 07, 2017

SBI PO 2017 Study Plan : Day 5 - Cloze Test

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Hello everyone, I am Aparna and here is the Day 5 Lesson of our SBI PO 2017 Study Plan. Today's topic is Cloze Test . Happy Reading :)

Cloze Test 

A Cloze Test (also Cloze Deletion Test) is an exercise, test, or assessment consisting of a portion of text with certain words removed, where you are asked to replace the missing words. Cloze tests require the ability to understand context and vocabulary in order to identify the correct words or type of words that belong in the deleted passages of a text. 

You can unlock the cloze passage puzzle by learning where and how to insert the right keys. 

The cloze reading section often presents unexpected difficulties for aspirants. Generally, a lack of adequate preparation combined with the lack of proper cloze technique causes problems that really needn't occur.

Don't worry; there is no need to panic if you have difficulties with this section of the test. What you need to do, though, is to learn and practice some basic techniques that will help you to strengthen your weaknesses.

Vocabulary cloze tests are common in all exams. They usually require you to choose the correct choice out of five possibilities.

Here's How :
  1. Read through the text through trying to understanding the general meaning. 
  2. Look at each missing word gap and try to imagine what the correct word should be. 
  3. Decide which part of speech (adjective, noun, gerund, etc.) needs to be used to fill each gap. 
  4. Read the text again, trying to fill gap as you come to it by imagining what the correct answer should be.
  5. Read the text another time, this time choose the correct answer from the five answers given.
  6. If you are unsure of any given answer, try reading the sentence with each of the four possibilities. 
  7. Try to eliminate two of the obvious false answers (usually two relatively false answers are given). When stuck between two answers, go with the one that sounds right. 
PRACTICE QUESTIONS

Directions : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

Economic backwardness of a region is ...(1)... by the co-existence of unutilized or underutilized ...(2)... on the one hand, and ...(3)... natural resources„ on the other. Economic development essentially means a process of ...(4)... change whereby the real per capita income of an economy ...(5)... over a period of time. Then, a simple but meaningful question arises; what causes economic development ? Or what makes a country developed? This question has absorbed the ...(6)... of scholars of socio-economic change for decades. Going through the ...(7)... history of developed countries like America, Russia and Japan, man is essentially found as ...(8)... in the process of economic development. Japan, whose economy was ...(9)... damaged from the ravages ofthe Second World war, is the clearest example of our time to ...(10)... kingpin role in economic development.
  1. (1) developed (2) cured (3) improved (4) enhanced  (5) characterized
  2. (1) sources (2) finances (3) funds (4) manpower (5) industries
  3. (1) exhaustive (2) unexploited  (3) abundant (4) indefinite (5) unreliable
  4. (1) upward (2) drastic  (3) negligible (4) incredible  (5) sudden
  5. (1) disminishes (2) degenerates (3) increases  (4) succumbs  (5) stabilizes
  6. (1) plans (2) attempts (3) attention  (4) resources  (5) strategy
  7. (1) existing (2) glorious (3) ancient (4) economic (5) discouraging
  8. (1) pivotal (2) neutral  (3) insignificant (4) enchanted (5) vicious
  9. (1) increasingly (2) always  (3) gradually (4) deliberately (5) badly
  10. (1) enlighten (2) validate (3) negate (4) underestimate  (5) belittle 
Answers :
  1. 4
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 1
  5. 3
  6. 3
  7. 2
  8. 1
  9. 5
  10. 1
Directions : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

India ...(1)... today either the largest or second largest ...(2)... of milk, fruit, vegetables, sugar and other crops in the word. This has ...(3)... for income ...(4)... even on smaller plots, multiple cropping and tremendous value-addition and rural employment ...(5)... food processing, and pursuing new apportunities in areas like floriculture and herbiculture. Yields in many sectors, though ...(6)... are still ...(7)..., which suggests considerable ...(8)... that are yet to be tapped. The future of Indian agriculture ...(9)... in exploiting ...(10)... possibilities.
  1. (1) is  (2) happens (3) becomes (4) rises (5) achieves
  2. (1) processor (2) consumer (3) importer (4) producer (5) exporter
  3. (1) disadvantages (2) implications (3) limitations  (4) facility  (5) problems
  4. (1) investments (2) tax  (3) generation (4) investment (5) sources
  5. (1) for (2) under  (3) by (4) with  (5) through
  6. (1) minimum (2) fewer  (3) negligible (4) conspicuous  (5) rising
  7. (1) modest (2) exorbitant (3) remarkable  (4) significant  (5) worthy
  8. (1) infrastructures (2) opportunities (3) credentials (4) potentials (5) commodities
  9. (1) defers (2) lies  (3) absorbs (4) vests (5) sinks
  10. (1) innumerable  (2) many (3) these  (4) some (5) minimum 
Answers :
  1. 1
  2. 4
  3. 4
  4. 3
  5. 1
  6. 5
  7. 1
  8. 4
  9. 2
  10. 3
Directions : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested , one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

Higher education is the single most indicator of the nation's future. However, developments in this sphere have been ...(1)... The general condition of universities and colleges is a matter of great ...(2)... In terms of ...(3)... numbers, enrolment is high.. But percentage wise only 4.8% of the ...(4)... age group is in higher education. Sub-standard education, ...(5)... resources, ...(6)... casteism, regionalism, high wastage, low internal efficiency and ...(7)... are major problems, ...(8)... working days in a year are far ...(9)... standard levels. There is a large number of third divisioners and evaluation has lost ...(10)... Examination reforms have not worked as the system of internal evaluation is negated by teachers as well as students.
  1. 1. (1) praiseworthy (2) uneven (3) abnormal (4) spectacular (5) deteriorating
  2. (1) belief (2) rejoice (3) delight  (4) concern (5) projection
  3. (1) absolute (2) voluminous (3) proper (4) great (5) proportionate
  4. (1) small (2) credible (3) relevant  (4) high  (5) low
  5. (1) facilitative (2) supportive (3) abundant (4) tardy (5) scarce
  6. (1) rampant (2) stringent (3) regular  (4) abysmal  (5) damaging
  7. (1) Intervention (2) Influence (3) Inbreeding  (4) Indulgence  (5) Imbalance
  8. (1) Profitable (2) defective (3) positive (4) negative (5) effective
  9. (1) down (2) below  (3) more (4) short (5) within
  10. (1) productivity (2) assurance (3) standard (4) credibility (5) leniency 
Answers :
  1. 5
  2. 4
  3. 1
  4. 3
  5. 5
  6. 1
  7. 5
  8. 5
  9. 2
  10. 4

Directions : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

A year ago I was asked to sum up our year of independence. I replied that it was a ...(1)... of lost opportunities and lost morality. On the economic side the opportunities lost are ...(2)..., but at least we can claim to have moved forward in ...(3)... terms, even if we have ...(4)... in relative terms. On the moral side, however, our ...(5)... has been absolute. If people are asked what they are most...(6)...of after 50 years of independence, many will point to the political class. What a difference from the heady days of 1947 ! At that time we were ...(7)... proud of our politicians. We had won independence after a ...(8)... struggle based on non-violence. We had ...(9)... over the might of the British Empire not through armed force but moral force. It ...(10)... little that we were poor in material terms. We felt rich in moral terms. And so we held our heads high and were proud to Indians.
  1. (1) saga (2) mistake (3) moment (4) projection(5) theory
  2. (1) vast  (2) manageable (3) deliberate  (4) immense (5) prophetic 
  3. (1) stable (2) proportionate (3) absolute  (4) meaningful (5) fical 
  4. (1) involved (2) slipped (3) degraded  (4) filled (5) damaged 
  5. (1) history (2) progress (3) swing  (4) achievement (5) decline 
  6. (1) aware (2) ashamed (3) proud (4) boastful (5) envious 
  7. (1) cooly (2) obviously  (3) mostly (4) surely (5) justly 
  8. (1) hopeless (2) wild (3) principled (4) ferocious (5) durable 
  9. (1) triumphed (2) depleted (3) stamped (4) buckled (5) tortured
  10. (1) exhibited (2) surfaced (3) observed (4) mattered (5) projected 
Answers :
  1. 1
  2. 1
  3. 3
  4. 2
  5. 5
  6. 2
  7. 5
  8. 3
  9. 1
  10. 4
Directions : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

The rational people ...(1)... knowledge, competence and achievement. They strive to understand what makes the world ...(2)... and people think. Rationals are fascinated and ...(3)... to theories. Everything is conditional and relative to the ...(4)... in which it is found or expressed. Like the idealists, they are future oriented. They trust logic and reason. Everything must be logical and proceed from carefully defined ...(5)... Rationals want to have a ...(6)... for everything and are natural skeptics. They think in terms of differences, ...(7)... categories, definitions structures and functions. Their mood is generally ...(8)... and they prefer a peaceful environment. They foster individualism rather than ...(9)... Frequently, they ...(10)... towards technology and the science and are well suited for engineering and devising strategy. 
  1. (1) mobilize (2) seek (3) develop (4) propose (5) organize
  2. (1) divided (2) prosper (3) organized (4) invented (5) run 
  3. (1) superior (2) directed (3) approached (4) drawn (5) careful
  4. (1) context (2) decision (3) passion (4) aptitude (5) delight
  5. (1) abstraction (2) wisdom (3) premises (4) surroundings (5) entities
  6. (1) situation (2) capacity (3) desire (4) reverence (5) rationale
  7. (1) exhibiting (2) projecting (3) delineating  (4) obstructing (5) organizing
  8. (1) calm (2) disturbed (3) possessive (4) volatile (5) exciting
  9. (1) fascination (2) creativity (3) prosperity (4) conformity (5) prosperty
  10. (1) descent (2) gravitate (3) crave (4) qualify (5) strive 
Answers :
  1. 2
  2. 5
  3. 4
  4. 1
  5. 3
  6. 5
  7. 3
  8. 1
  9. 4
  10. 2
Please don't forget to share your own cloze test exercises. All the best :)
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