Important Details you should know
- The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) established in April 1987 by the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain, the United States and Japan).
- The MTCR was created in order to curb the spread of unmanned delivery systems for nuclear weapons, specifically delivery systems that could carry a minimum payload of 500 kg for a minimum of 300 km.
- MTCR aims at restricting the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air vehicles and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kilogramme payload for at least 300 kilometres, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
- India’s membership had been blocked in 2015 by Italy, which seemed to link it to the standoff over the detention of the Italian marines.
- India became the 35th member of the MTCR.
- MTCR membership will enable India to buy high-end missile technology and also enhance its joint ventures with Russia.
- India will also be able to source drones from the US.
- India’s efforts to get into the MTCR also got a boost after it agreed to join the Hague Code of Conduct, dealing with the ballistic missile non-proliferation arrangement, earlier this month.
- China, which stonewalled India’s entry into the 48-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) at the just-concluded Seoul plenary, is not a member of 34-nation MTCR.