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September 14, 2015

14th September 2015 - Important Current Affairs updates

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International Affairs
  • Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe has begun his Three-Day official visit to India today at the invitation of his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi.
    • The three day visit, from September 14 to 16, is Wickremesinghe's first official international visit after assuming office last month.
    • Note : He was sworn in as Sri Lanka's prime minister for the fourth time last month following his party's victory in the parliamentary polls.
    • He is expected to formally request for India's support in Geneva at the 30th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council.
  • A proposal to declare Nepal a Hindu state was today overwhelmingly rejected by the Constituent Assembly which reaffirmed that the Hindu-majority nation will remain secular.
    • Nepal was a Hindu nation for centuries when kings ruled, but has been a secular state since the monarchy was abolished in 2006.
    • More than two-thirds of members of the assembly, which began voting on the constitution draft on Sunday, voted against making Nepal a Hindu state again.
    • The proposal needed the support of two-thirds of the members to be adopted.
  • Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott ousted from power by challenger Malcolm Turnbull in an internal party vote.

National Affairs
  • Today (14th September) is Hindi Diwas (Hindi Day).
    • This day serves to propagate the Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values.
    • Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14 September because on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India.
    • Hindi got its name from the Persian word Hind, meaning 'Land of the Indus River'.
    • Hindi is spoken as a native language by 258 million people and is recognized as the 2nd largest language in the world.
    • At the state level, Hindi is the official language of the following Indian states : 
      • Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. 
  • Govt has anounced Prime Minister Mining Area Welfare Scheme for the benifit of tribal and underdeveloped section of society

  • President Pranab Mukherjee today presented the Rajbhasha awards for 2014-15 in various categories on the occasion of Hindi Divas today.
    • Instituted by the Department of Official Language of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Rajbhasa awards are given away for excellent contribution of ministries, departments and nationalized banks among others in the field of Hindi.

  • Mohiniyattam dancer, teacher and choreographer Kalamandalam Satyabhama (77) passed away. 
    • She was the first to receive the Nrithya Natya Puraskaram of the Government of Kerala in 2005.
    • Regarded as a matriarch of the classical dance, she was awarded the Padma Shri in 2014 and the first Swati Tirunal Puraskaram by Kollam Kathakali Club and Troupe in 2006
    • In 1994, she bagged the Leel Kendra Sangeeta Akademi award.
    • She was the first woman Vice Principal of Kerala Kalamandalam and, later, became its Principal till she retired in 1992.
  • Frank D. Gilroy, whose play about a veteran’s fraught return home, “The Subject Was Roses,” won him a Pulitzer Prize, passed away.
Business & Economy
  • Aiming to enhance the country's image as a friendly investment destination, the government along with World Bank has released a State-wise report on the ease of doing business.
    • PM Narendra Modi's home state Gujarat has topped the list with a score of 71.14%.
    • Andhra Pradesh has bagged the second rank with 70.12%. 
    • Jharkhand is third with 63.09%
    • Arunachal Pradesh is ranked lowest with just 1.23%.
    • Top 10 States in the List with their Scores
      1. Gujarat - 71.14%
      2. Andhra Pradesh - 70.12%
      3. Jharkhand - 63.09%
      4. Chhattisgarh - 62.45%
      5. Madhya Pradesh - 62.00%
      6. Rajasthan - 61.04%
      7. Odisha - 52.12%
      8. Maharashtra - 49.43%
      9. Karnataka - 48.50%
      10. Uttar Pradesh - 47.37%
  • US Open 2015

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