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July 10, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 6th July 2017

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Hai Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu News Paper dated 6th July 2017. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Protecting prisoners: Reforms must secure rights of inmates"

  • Reform - to make an improvement
  • Inmate - someone who is kept in a prison, mental hospital, or other institution
  • Prevailing - existing at a particular time or in a particular place
  • Overcrowding - unpleasant conditions caused by too many people or things being in the same place
  • Incarceration - imprisonment
  • Indigent - very poor
  • Horrific - so shocking that it upsets you
  • Stark - used for describing an unpleasant fact or situation that is very obvious or impossible to avoid
  • Brutal - extremely violent
  • Convict - someone who is in prison because they are guilty of a crime
  • Custodial - relating to putting or keeping someone in prison
  • Vulnerability - the quality of being easily hurt or attacked
  • Authoritarian - controlling everything and forcing people to obey strict rules and laws
  • Allegation - a statement that someone has done something wrong or illegal even though this has not been proved
  • Lifer - someone who has been sent to prison for the rest of their life
  • Startling - surprising, or very unusual
  • Accustomed to something - to think/start to think that something is normal or natural because you have experienced it regularly over a period of time
  • Rudimentary - basic
  • Eyewitness - someone who has seen something happen, especially a crime or an accident
  • Severely - very seriously
  • Assault -  to attack someone violently
  • Riot - a violent protest by a crowd of people
  • Surmise - to guess that something is true, when you do not have enough information to prove that it is true
  • Simmering - something that is simmering is controlled but may burst out at any time, often violently
  • Discontent - the unhappy feeling that you have when you are not satisfied with something
  • Prevailing - existing at a particular time or in a particular place
  • Intense - very great or extreme
  • Animus - a strong feeling of disliking someone or something
  • Consolation - something that makes someone who is sad or disappointed feel better
  • Disconcerting - making you feel worried, confused, or surprised
  • Untoward - not suitable, usual, or normal
  • Comprehensive - complete (including many details or aspects of something)
  • Empowered - having the authority or power to do something
  • Constitute - to formally establish an organization, institution, government etc and give it the authority to operate
  • In the light of - because of
  • Resolution - a formal proposal that is considered by an organization and is usually voted on at a meeting
  • Amenity - something that makes it comfortable or enjoyable to live or work somewhere
  • Hygiene - the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean, in order to prevent illness and disease
  • Aid - help
  • Anchored in something - to be strongly based on a particular set of ideas or beliefs
  • Manual - a book containing instructions for doing something
  • Obligation - something that you must do for legal or moral reasons
  • Reiterate - to repeat something in order to emphasize it or make it very clear to people
  • Enshrine - to officially record something such as an idea or principle in a document so that it cannot be ignored
  • Amenity - something that makes it comfortable or enjoyable to live or work somewhere

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "Missile diplomacy: U.S. must be inventive in responding to North Korea"

  • Diplomacy - the ability to deal with people in a sensitive way that does not upset or offend them
  • Inventive - good at thinking of new and original ideas or methods
  • Provocation - something that causes you to react in an angry or violent way
  • President-elect - someone who has been elected president but has not officially started the position yet
  • Capable - able to do something
  • Defying -  to refuse to obey someone or something
  • Intercontinental - hapenning between continents
  • Ballistic - related to the objects that are shot or thrown through the air, such as a bullet from a gun
  • Perhaps - used to show that something is possible or that you are not certain about something
  • Lost for words / response - to be so surprised, shocked etc that you do not know what to say
  • Administration - the people responsible for managing a business, organization, or institution
  • Consistently - in every case or on every occasion
  • Banked on someone/something - to depend on something happening or on someone doing something
  • Crucial - very important
  • Ally - a country that makes an agreement with another country that they will work together to help each other
  • Rein in - to control
  • Addressing -  to try to deal with a problem
  • Crisis - a time of great disagreement, confusion, or suffering
  • Posturing - to do things only because you want people to notice you, admire you, or be afraid of you
  • Defiant - refusing to obey a person or rule
  • Destabilising - to cause problems for a country, government, or person in authority so that they become less effective
  • Unlawful - illegal
  • Sanction - an official order to stop communication, trade, etc with a country that has broken international law
  • Threat - an occasion when someone says that they will cause you harm or problems, especially if you do not do what they tell you to do
  • Strategy - a plan or method for achieving something, especially over a long period of time
  • Doctrine - a set of principles or beliefs, especially religious or political ones
  • Regime - a government that controls a country, especially in a strict or unfair way
  • Emphasis - special importance or attention that is given to one thing in particular
  • Back to square one - in the same situation that you were in before you started to do something, with no progress made
  • On the table - if a proposal or offer is on the table, someone has suggested it officially and people are considering it
  • Unpredictability - the quality of being impossible to predict
  • Be tantamount to something - to have the same bad qualities or effect as something else
  • Peninsula - a long piece of land that is mostly surrounded by water, but is joined at one end to a larger area of land
  • Isolation - a situation in which a country or group is alone and without support because other countries or groups stop dealing with it
  • Roguish - characteristic of a dishonest or unprincipled person.
  • Overlook - to fail to notice or do something
  • Negotiation - formal discussions in which people or groups try to reach an agreement, especially in a business or political situation
  • Hostility - opposition to something
  • Counterpart - someone or something that has the same job or purpose as another person or thing, but in a different country, time, situation, or organization
  • Inclined - feeling that you want to do something
  • Opt for - to make a choice or decision from a range of possibilities
  • Punitive - relating to or causing punishment or great difficulty

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