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March 23, 2017

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu News Paper" - 23rd March 2017

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 23rd March 2017.  Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Hindu Editorial Topic 1 : "Superpower dreams: On how India must respond to a low HDI rank"

  • HDI - Human Development Index
  • Superpower - a very powerful and influential nation
  • Outlay - an amount of money spent on something.
  • Pose - to ask a question
  • Significantly - in a way that is easy to see or by a large amount
  • Trajectory - the way in which a process or event develops over a period of time
  • Liberalisation -to make laws or rules less strict so that people have more freedom
  • Life expectancy - the length of time that someone is likely to live
  • Empowerment - the process of gaining freedom and power to do what you want or to control what happens to you
  • Discrimination - unfair treatment of someone because of their religion, race, or other personal features
  • Inheritance - money or objects that someone gives you when they die
  • Reform - an improvement
  • Instituted - to start or cause a system, rule, legal action, etc. to exist
  • Inequality - the unfair situation in society when some people have more opportunities, money, etc. than other people
  • Persist - if an unpleasant feeling or situation persists, it continues to exist
  • Workforce - the group of people who work in a company, industry, country, etc
  • Severe - extreme or very difficult
  • Multidimensional - having many different features
  • Deprived - not having the things that are necessary for a pleasant life, such as enough money, food, or good living conditions
  • Poverty - the condition of being extremely poor
  • Break free - to escape from an unpleasant person or situation that controls your life
  • Underachiever - someone who is less successful than they should be at school or at work
  • Fiscal - connected with (public) money
  • Subsidy - money given as part of the cost of something, to help or encourage it to happen
  • Quintile - one of five equal measurements that a set of things can be divided into
  • Aviation - the activity of flying aircraft, or of designing, producing, and keeping them in good condition
  • Outlay - an amount of money spent for a particular purpose
  • Bolster - to support or improve something or make it stronger
  • Conscious - noticing that something exists or is happening and realizing that it is important
  • Indices - plural of index (a number that shows the price, value, or level of something compared with something else)
  • Ratify - to make an agreement official
  • Convention - a formal agreement between governments of different countries about how they should behave towards each other or towards the people in their country
  • Migrant - someone who travels to another place or country in order to find work
  • Enforce - to make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted
  • Lacuna - an empty space where something is missing
  • Sustain - to cause or allow something to continue for a period of time
  • Crafted - to make objects, in a skilled way
  • Emerging - just beginning to exist or be noticed
  • Urbanisation - the process by which towns and cities grow bigger and more and more people go to live in them
  • Deficit - the total amount by which something is less than required

Hindu Editorial Topic 2 : "Russian connection: not helping Trump's credibility"

  • Credibility - the fact that someone can be believed or trusted
  • Erode - to slowly reduce or destroy something
  • Hearing - an official meeting that is held to collect the facts about an event or problem
  • Alleged - claimed to be true, even though this has not been proved
  • Campaign - a planned group of especially political, business, or military activities that are intended to achieve a particular aim
  • Kicked off - started
  • Mischaracterise - to misrepresent what someone says or thinks
  • Revelation - the act of making something known that was secret
  • Grilling - an occasion when someone is asked a lot of questions for a long time
  • Interfere - to involve yourself in a situation when your involvement is not wanted or is not helpful
  • Nominee - someone who has been officially suggested for a job or a prize
  • Withheld - to deliberately not give something to someone
  • Ambassador - an important official who works in a foreign country representing his or her own country there, and who is officially accepted in this position by that country
  • Inauguration - sthe act of putting someone into an official position with a ceremony
  • Recused - to withdraw oneself from acting as a judge or other official in a court case because of possible conflicts of interest
  • Probe - to try to discover information that other people do not want you to know, by asking questions carefully and not directly
  • Alleged - to say that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof
  • Meddling - to become involved in a situation that you have no right to be involved in, in a way that is annoying
  • Came to light - if facts come to light, they become known publicly
  • Hack - to get into someone else's computer system without permission in order to find out information or do something illegal
  • Scramble - to put things such as words or letters in the wrong order so that they do not make sense
  • Ironically - in a way that is different or opposite from the result you would expect
  • In the cross hairs - in a position to be criticized or attacked
  • Trove - a large supply of something such as art or information
  • Confidential - secret, often in a formal, business, or military situation
  • Vault - a room, especially in a bank, with thick walls and a strong door, used to store money or valuable things in safe conditions
  • Penetration - to succeed in becoming part of an organization, etc. and working within it
  • Covert - hidden or secret
  • Surveillance - the careful watching of a person or place to find out something
  • Opponent - a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it
  • Accused - to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind
  • Former - used for describing someone or something that had a particular job, title, status etc in the past, but not now
  • Wiretap - to secretly listen to people by connecting a listening device to their telephone
  • Allegation - a statement, made without giving proof, that someone has done something wrong or illegal
  • The last straw - the latest problem in a series of problems, that makes a situation impossible to accept
  • Debunk - to show that something is less important, less good, or less true than it has been made to appear
  • Tendency - if someone has a tendency to do or like something, they will probably do it or like it
  • Resort - the fact that you have to do something because there is no other way of achieving something
  • Unsubstantiated - an unsubstantiated argument, claim etc is one for which you have no evidence
  • Stall - to stop
  • Collaboration - the situation of two or more people working together to create or achieve the same thing
  • Credibility - qualities that someone has that make people believe or trust them

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