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March 03, 2017

Essay - Educating a Girl Child Means Educating the Whole Family

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Educating a Girl Child Means Educating the Whole Family

Overview
  • Female education, an important factor for all round progress. 
  • The importance of educated mother in society.
  • The significance of female education in different fields.
  • Reasons for deprivation of girl's education. 
  • Literacy rate in India. 
  • Various programmes and policies taken. 
  • Educate a girl, means educate the next generation.
It is said that "if we educate a man, we educate a man only, but if we educate a woman, we educate the whole family". Education plays a major role in the social and economic growth of a nation. A
nation can be educated in the real sense of the term, when its entire population is educated. Mostly people think that men's contribution in society is more than women.

But now women are sharing equal responsibility in every field of society. So, female education is important for all round progress of a country. If we want to make democracy successful, woman must be educated. They are the real builders of happy homes.

Women education is very important because women are the first teacher of their children. The children receive the very first lessons in their lap. Hence, if mothers are educated, they can perfectly shape and mould their sons and daughters. Napolean, the ruler of France, said that, "Nation's progress is impossible without trained and educated mothers. If the women of my country are not educated, about half of the people will be ignorant".

Education enhances the intellectual, social and emotional development of women and enables them to meet their basic needs of daily life. It helps in reducing inequalities in the society. An educated mother will have high expectations for her children's educational success and will continuously encourage them to develop high expectations of their own. An educated mother is more likely to have health knowledge ensuring her children receive the proper vaccines for their health and provide healthy meals that are nutritionally beneficial.

Apart from this educated women help to reduce the population of a nation. They also help to reduce child and maternal mortality. They are less likely to be taken advantage of and lowers exposure to domestic abuse. An educated woman has great confidence and enables to take right decisions. All this contributes in a positive way to the society and the nation at large.

However, still now the female education is not given much importance in many parts of India. Some of the reasons are dowry, child marriage, caste system and purdah system prevalent in the society. Many people in the rural areas believe that a girl is a `paraya dhan' and money would be needed during her marriage to be given as dowry. Thus, investing the money for her education is regarded as waste.

Another reason for the deprivation of girl education is the child marriage. It is a great belief of people in India that for a girl it is more important to become genius in household works than getting education. This forces the girl to focus towards household work. At many places the caste system is so strong that the girl of lower caste are not allowed to go to the schools where the girls of the high caste are studying.

If you look at the percentage of educated people, there is a huge gap between male and female literacy rate in India. According to the census 2011, the percentage of literate male is 82.14% and female is 65.46% among the states, the female literacy rate is highest in Kerala and Mizoram with 91.98% and 89.40% respectively whereas Rajasthan has the lowest female literacy with 52.66%.

The reason behind the high literacy rate of Kerala is the modern policies adopted by the governments. The aided-school policy adopted by the EMS Namboodiripad government paved way for private entrepreneurs to start up schools with government aiding. On the other hand the reason for low female literacy rate in a state like Rajasthan is thinking of parents for whom boy's education is more important. The tradition of child marriage prevalent in the state is another factor for such a low rate.

The Government of India had initiated various programmes and policies to ensure that a girl does not miss out any opportunity of getting education. After independence, the government had set up a National Committee on Women's Education in 1958 and it recommended that female education should be at par with male education. Some of the important schemes/policies initiated by the Government of India for girl's education are 
  • Sakshar Bharat Mission for female literacy launched in 2008 for promoting adult education especially among women under which Lok Shiksha Kendras were set up.
  • Kasturba Balika Vidyalaya for establishment of residential upper primary schools for girl.
  • National programme for education of girls at elementary level for reduction in the school dropouts by giving special attention to weak girls.
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikasha Abhiyan to provide infrastructure for girls hostel for secondary education.
  • Ladli scheme to alter the position of the girl kid in family. The daughter girl obtains free education and upbringing along with which she will be permitted to acquire after 18 years of age and passing 12th.
  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao started in 2015 aims to generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women. 
  • Sukanya Samridhi Yojana launched in 2015 under the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign to meet the expense of the girl child's higher education and marriage. 
The educated girl can shoulder any kind of, responsibility. See the examples, Kalpana Chawla, Kiran Bedi, Sonia Gandhi, Sushma Swaraj and so, everyone has earned a name in the society in our country. Education for a girl child means making the next generation well educated, full of virtues, free from the useless superstitions, confident and capable to do something good for the family, for the society and for the country as a whole. The present day girl is the mother of tomorrow. 
She is the most crucial and reverend entity. She must be given all the necessary education. Ignoring her, keeping her illiterate means we are creating an illiterate and ignorant generation. So, it is perfectly true that educating a girl child means educating a family. Development cannot be accelerated unless girls are given right education in right direction. Swami Vivekananda has rightly said, "Educate your women first and leave them to themselves, they will tell you what reforms are needed". 
Difficult Words with Meanings :
  • Mould a distinctive form, create
  • Enhance increase or add to
  • Nutritionally the process of being nourished
  • Exposure the state of having no protection from something harmful
  • Deprivation a taking or keeping away
  • Entrepreneurs a person who sets up businesses
  • Prevalent accepted, done or happening often or over a large area at a particular time
  • Dropouts a person who leaves studies in between
  • Accelerated begin to move quickly
  • Reverend worthy of honour and respect.
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