The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill 2015 (RFCTLARR) , popularly known as
Land Bill was adopted by Lok Sabha on March 10, 2015.
Before this bill was passed Union Government made 9 amendments (out of 50 being proposed).
Firstly, lets look at the Old LARR Bill 2013, that UPA goverment passed,
- As per the UPA law, lands could be acquired with the ‘consent’ of 70% of the land owners for PPP (Public Private Partnership) and 80% for the private companies.
- The land needs to be returned if remain unutilized for the period of 5 years.
- Land could be only be acquired by the Private Companies.
- LARR Act 2013, does not apply to 13 statuary acts such as Atomic Energy, Electricity Act, Petroleum Act, Railway Acts etc.
- Private Hospitals were kept excluded from the purview of this act.
- New LARR 2014 exempts 5 types of projects from “Social Impact Assessments”. It means it does not need ‘consent’ for acquiring the land as it was earlier. Also, the acquisition of the irrigated land and multi-crop lands was excluded from this bill. Since, major population of India thrives on agriculture, thus to protect the poor land owners.
- 5 projects are:
- Industrial corridors,
- PPP projects,
- Rural infrastructure,
- Affordable housing,
- Defense purpose.