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April 04, 2017

Reasoning Practice Test with Solutions for Bank & Insurance Exams

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Reasoning Practice Test with Solutions

Directions (Q. No. 1-5) : In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. 

Give answer
  • 1) If only conclusion I follows 
  • 2) If only conclusion II follows 
  • 3) If either conclusion I or II follows 
  • 4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows 
  • 5) If both conclusions I and II follow 
1. Statements

All doctors are graduates. 
All professors are graduates. 
All engineers are graduates.

Conclusions

I) Some professors can be doctors. 
II) Some engineers may be doctors.

2. Statements

Some cats are pens. 
Some pens are big. 
Some big are costly. 

Conclusions
I) No cat is costly. 
II) Some big are definitely not cats. 

3. Statements : Some Benches are magazines. All magazines are novels. Some novels are papers. 

Conclusions
I) All benches being magazines is a possibility. 
II) All papers being novels is a possibility. 

4. Statements

All cats are fans. 
All fans are guns. 
Some guns are hats. 

Conclusions

I) No fan is hat. 
II) Some fans are hats. 

5. Statements

All tables are rats. 
Some rats are chairs. 
Some chairs are desks. 

Conclusions
I) Some desks are not tables.
II) All desks are tables.

Directions (Q. No. 6 - 10) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements marked I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and 

Give answer
  • 1) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question. 
  • 2) If the data in statements I alone are not sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question. 
  • 3) If the data either in statement I or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question. 
  • 4) If the data even in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question. 
  • 5) If the data in both statements I and II together are needed to answer the question. 
6. Towards which direction is A from R ?

I) A is exactly to the south east of M.
II) R is exactly to the south of M. 

7. How many daughters does A have ? 

I) P and Q are the only daughters of B.
II) D is brother of P and son of A. 

8. Among P, Q, R, S and T sitting in a straight line facing north, who sits exactly in the middle of the line ?

I) P sits third to the left of S. T is second to the left of R and an immediate neighbour of S. 
II) P is second to the left of T who is second to the left of R.

9. Who amongst P, Q, R, S, T and U is the tallest ?

I) P is taller that S and T but shorter than R. Q is taller than R.
II) T is taller than S. P is not the tallest. 

10. Is C the grandmother of M ? 

I) C is the mother of D. D is the brother of M's father. 
II) M is son of N, who is daughter of C. 

Directions (Q. No. 11-15) : Read each statement carefully and answer the following questions : 

11. Which of the following expressions will be true if the expression D>= E > F, R >= B > T = D is definitely true ? 
  1. R >= D 
  2. B >= D 
  3. F > R
  4. T > F 5) R >= E 
12. which of the symbols should be placed in the blank space from left to right respectively to complete the expression in such a manner that T > B, C > T and D > F are definitely true ?
D <= T_X, D_B, C=X, F_B
  1. <, >, <
  2. >, >, <
  3. =, <, >
  4. =, <, <
  5. >, =, <
13. Which of the following symbols should replace the question mark (?) in the given expression to make the expression A > N and K >= N definitely true ? 
A ? K >= L ? M ? N < O
  1. <, >,=
  2. >,>=, =
  3. >,<=, >=
  4. >,=,<=
  5. None of these 
14. which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively from left to right to complete the given expression in such a manner that the expression B > W is definitely false and the expressions Z >= B and Y >= V are definitely true ? 
Z_Y_X>=W=V_B
  1. >+, >=, >=
  2. <=, <=, >=
  3. >, >=, >
  4. >=, =, <
  5. None of these
15. In which of the following expressions is "P>Q" not definitely true ?
  1. Q > C <= R < P
  2. Q <= R < S <= P
  3. P > S = T <= Q
  4. P > S = T >= Q
  5. None of these
Directions (Q. No. 16-20) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions. 
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement : 
Input : desk caring 32 18 today for 58 78 
Step I : 18 desk caring 32 today for 58 78 
Step II : 18 today desk caring 32 for 58 78 
Step III : 18 today 32 desk caring for 58 78 
Step IV : 18 today 32 for desk caring 58 78
Step V : 18 today 32 for 58 desk caring 78 
Step VI : 18 today 32 for 58 desk 78 caring 
And Step VI is the last step. 
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate Step for the given input. 
16. Input : year 24 far 32 17 12 wide goal 
Which of the following will be Step V of the above inpu t?
  1. 12 year 17 wide 24 goal 32 far 
  2. 12 year 24 wide fax 32 17 goal 
  3. 12 year 24 far 32 17 wide goal 
  4. There will be no such step
  5. one of these 
17. Step IV of an input : 13 honk 29 father 83 76 door eye. Which of the following will be Step VI ? 
  1. 13 honk 29 father 76 door 83 age 
  2. 13 honk 29 father 76 age 83 door
  3. 13 honk 29 father 76 83 door age 
  4.  13 honk 29 father 76 eye 83 door
  5. None of these 
18. Step III of an input : 17 water 32 85 73 tax break home. How many more steps will be required to complete the rearrangement ? 
  1. Five
  2. Four 
  3. Six 
  4. Two 
  5. Three 
19. Step III of an input : 37 xmas 42 61 53 violet green red. How many more steps will be required to complete the rearrangement ? 
  1. 4
  2. None of these 
20. Step II of an input : 28 sure 72 63 height over 42 lamp. Which of the following is definitely the input ? 
  1. height 28 sure 72 63 over 42 lamp 
  2. 72 63 28 sure height over 42 lamp 
  3. 63 28 sure 72 height over 42 lamp 
  4. Cannot be determined 
  5. None of these
Solutions :
1. As the given statements are affirmative both the positive possibilities follow. Ans: 5 
2. As the given statements are affirmative both the negative definite conclusions don't follow. Ans: 4 
3. As the given statements are affirmative both the positive possibilities follow. Ans: 5 
4. Both the conclusions form a complementary pair. So, either I or II follows. Ans: 3
5. Both the conclusions form a complementary pair. So, either I or II follows. Ans: 3 
6. The distance between A and M as well as between R and M is not given. Hence, we cannot find out the direction. Ans: 4

7. By combining both the statements, it can be concluded that A and B are married couple, and P and Q are the only daughters of A and B. Ans: 5 
8. Either statement I or statement II is sufficient to answer the question. Ans: 3     P Q T S R
9. Only statement I is sufficient. Q>R>P>S&T Ans: 1 
10. Only statement I is sufficient. C's gender is not known in the second statement. Ans: 1 
(11-15) Answers
11) 4;  
12) 1; 
13) 2;  
14) 1; 
15) 1. 
(16-20) : The illustration clearly shows that numbers and words are arranged alternatively in such a way that numbers in ascending order and words in reverse order. 

16. Input : year 24 far 32 17 12 wide goal 
Step I : 12 year 24 far 32 17 wide goal 
Step II : 12 year 17 24 far 32 wide goal 
Step III : 12 year 17 wide 24 far 32 goal 
Step IV : 12 year 17 wide 24 goal far 32 
Step V : 12 year 17 wide 24 goal 32 far
Ans : 1 
17. Step IV : 13 honk 29 father 83 76 door eye 
Step V : 13 honk 29 father 76 83 door eye 
Step VI : 13 honk 29 father 76 eye 83 door
Ans : 4 
18. Step III : 17 water 32 85 73 tax break home
Step IV : 17 water 32 tax 85 73 break home 
Step V : 17 water 32 tax 73 85 break home 
Step VI : 17 water 32 tax 73 home 85 break 

To complete the rearrangement there will be 3 more steps.  Ans: 5  

19. Step III : 37 xmas 42 61 53 violet green red 
Step IV : 37 xmas 42 violet 61 53 green red 
Step V : 37 xmas 42 violet 53 61 green red 
Step VI : 37 xmas 42 violet 53 red 61 green 

Hence to complete the rearrangement 3 more steps will be required. Ans: 1  

20. Previous steps cannot be deter-mined. Ans: 4  

Shared by Shravan Varma Gadiraju
 
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