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April 17, 2017

GK - Programmes and funds of UN

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Programmes and funds of UN

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)

  • UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund. However UNICEF retained its original acronym. 
  • It is headquartered in New York (USA). 
  • It aims to provide a better quality of life to children and mothers in developing countries through improved health services, nutrition, sanitation, water availability and education. 
  • UNICEF brings annual report titled "The State of the World's Children Report". 
  • UNICEF received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 "for the promotion of brotherhood among nations". 
  • UNICEF was established on 11 December 1946 by the United Nations to meet the emergency needs of children in post-war Europe and China. 
  • Its full name was the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. 
  • In 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. 

UN Development Programme (UNDP)

  • It was established in 1965 and its headquarters is in New York (USA)
  • It is the largest agency in the world for technical and pre-investment cooperation at the multilateral level.
  • UNDP brings out the Human Development Report every calendar year'
  • It helps developing countries in exploiting their human and natural resources by providing expert assistance and training local personnel. 

UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • It was established in 1972 and its headquarters are in Nairobi (Kenya). 
  • Its aim is to protect and conse-rve the natural environment. 
  • The World Meteorological Orga-nization and UNEP established the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988.
  • Present Head : Erik Solheim (Norway). 

UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

  • It came into existence in 1967 and its headquarters are in New York (USA)
  • Its aim is to build up capacity to respond to the needs in population and family planning and to deal with population problems, especially in developing countries. 
  • The State of the World's Popula-tion Report is published by UNFPA annually. 

United Nations Conference of Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

  • Established in 1964, UNCTAD promotes the development friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.
  • UNCTAD has progressively evolved into an authoritative knowledge based institution whose work aims to help shapecurrent policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually suppo-rtive in bringing about sustai-nable development. 
  • The organization works to fulfill this mandate by carrying out three key functions : 
    • It functions as a forum for intergovernmental deliberations, supported by discussions with experts and exchanges of experiences, aimed at consensus building. 
    • It undertakes research, policy analysis and data collection for the debates of government representatives and experts. 
    • It provides technical assistance tailored to the specific requirements of developing countries, with special attention to the needs of the least developed countries and of economies in transition. When appropriate, UNCTAD cooperates with other organizations and donor countries in the delivery of technical assistance. 
  • The Present Secretary General of UNCTAD is MukhisaKituyi (Kenya) who assumd office on 1st September 2013. 
  • The world investment Report has been published annually since 1991 by UNCTAD. 
  • Each year's Report covers the latest trends in foreign direct investment around the world and analyses in depth one selected topic related to foreign direct investment and development. 
  • Headquarters: - Geneva (Switzerland)
Shared by Shravan Varma Gadhiraju

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