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December 29, 2016

GK : World Heritage Sites in India

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There are 35 World Heritage Sites (WHS) in India that are recognised by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) as of 2016. These places are of cultural and natural importance as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, estab-lished in 1972. At the 7th Session, India's Agra Fort and Ajanta Caves was enlisted, in 1983, for the first time. The recent inclusion was that of three new sites - Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, Bihar, Capitol Building Complex - the Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chandi-garh and Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim in July, 2016. Of the 35 sites, 27 are cultural and 7 natural sites and 1 mixed. 

World Heritage Sites in India ( Name, Year-of-Award  and Locations)

Cultural (27)

  • Agra Fort (1983) - Uttar Pradesh
  • Ajanta Caves (1983) - Maharashtra
  • Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, (2016 - Bihar
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) - Madhya Pradesh
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004) - Gujarat 
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004) - Maharashtra
  • Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) - Goa
  • Elephanta Caves (1987) - Maharashtra
  • Ellora Caves (1983 - Maharashtra
  • Fatehpur Sikri (1986) - Uttar Pradesh
  • Great Living Chola Temples (1987) - Tamil Nadu
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) - Karnataka
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984) - Tamil Nadu
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987) - Karnataka
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013) - Rajasthan
  • Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993) - Delhi
  • Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) - Madhya Pradesh
  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002) - Bihar
  • Mountain Railways of India — Darjeeling, Nilgiri, Kalka-Shimla (1999) - West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
  • Qutb Minar and its Monuments, (1993) - Delhi
  • Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen's Stepwell) at Patan, (2014) - Gujarat 
  • Red Fort Complex (2007) - Delhi 
  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) - Madhya Pradesh 
  • Sun Temple, Konarak (1984) - Odisha
  • Taj Mahal (1983) - Uttar Pradesh
  • The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016) - Chandigarh 
  • The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010) - Rajasthan

Natural (7)

  • Great Himalayan National Park Conserva-tion Area (2014) - Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
  • Kaziranga National Park (1985) - Asom
  • Keoladeo National Park (1985) - Bharatpur,   Rajasthan
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985) - Asom
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988) - Uttarakhand
  • Sundarbans National Park (1987) - West Bengal
  • Western Ghats (2012) - Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala 

Mixed (1) 

  • Khangchendzonga National Park (2016) - Sikkim 
Shared by Sindhu Achutuni
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