Daily Current Affairs of 25th November 2016
International Current Affairs
- Today (25th November) is International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
- Aim of this Day : to raise awareness of the fact that women around the world are subject to rape, domestic violence and other forms of violence
- Theme of the year 2016 : “Orange the World - raise funds to end violence against women”
- The 6th India China Joint Training Exercise Hand-in-Hand 2016 was culminated after 13 days in Pune today.
- Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos is going to sign a new peace deal with FARC rebels ending 52 years of conflict, despite objections by people who rejected the original accord in October.
- India has been ranked 138th in the ICT Development Index 2016.
- Top 5 Countries in the List
National Current Affairs
- The Supreme Court today banned the sale of firecrackers in Delhi and NCR due to growing pollution in the region.
- It also ordered the pollution board to study harmful effects of materials used in firecrackers in three months.
- Note : Air pollution in Delhi had increased significantly after Diwali, with smog reducing visibility to less than 50 metres at certain places.
- The Pune Underwater Festival, considered the first of its kind in India, will be held in Pune on Sunday.
- The festival will feature an underwater playground, an underwater photo booth and an underwater obstacle course.
- The Council of School Certificate Examination that decides ICSE syllabus has prescribed books like Harry Potter, Tintin and Amar Chitra Katha to be included in class III-VIII syllabus in all schools from 2017-18 session.
- JRR Tolkien's 'The Hobbit', PG Wodehouse's works and autobiographies will also be included.
- Note : ICSE's school syllabus relied heavily on William Shakespeare's works till now.
- ICSE - Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
- Kerala's Sabarimala Temple board has issued an order to change the temple's name to 'Sabarimala Sree Ayyappaswamy Temple'.
- Note : In official records, the temple is listed as 'Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha Temple'.
- Andhra Pradesh government is going to distribute free mobile phones to allow economically-backward people to undertake digital transactions.
- Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu introduced the proposal during a review meeting with RBI officials and bankers today.
Business & Economic Affairs
- Haryana government is going to give ₹10,000 in cash to Group-C and D category government employees from part of their salary.
- This comes amid a cash crunch across the country post note ban, following which over 1,000 Group-C employees of the Home Ministry were given ₹10,000 each in cash as part of their salary.
- The Cabinet is considering to levy close to 60% income tax on unaccounted deposits in banks above a threshold post demonetisation.
- This is against earlier reports that suggested the penalty would be 200%.
- This follows banks reporting over ₹21,000 crore being deposited in zero-balance Jan Dhan accounts following demonetisation, which is apprehended to be laundered black money.
- The government is planning to impose a limit on people's domestic gold holdings.
- Gold premiums jumped to two-year high last week as jewellers increased purchases amid speculations that the government might restrict imports after withdrawing higher-denomination notes from circulation.
- Important Note : India is the world’s second-biggest purchaser of gold.
- Two variants of the new ₹500 notes have been mistakenly printed owing to the current rush, Reserve Bank of India spokesperson Alpana Killawala said today.
- However, people can freely accept both the notes in a transaction or return it to the RBI, she added.
- Mahatma Gandhi's shadow, alignment of national emblem and other features are slightly different in the two variants.
- The government today announced that old ₹1,000 notes will no longer be accepted for transactions under exempted categories including electricity and water bill payments.
- Only ₹500 notes will be accepted for these transactions.
- This comes after the government announced that banks will not exchange old ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes after midnight on November 24.
- The government also announced that old ₹500 notes can be used at petrol pumps, and to pay water and electricity bills until December 15.
- The government also allowed the use of old ₹500 notes to pay fees up to ₹2,000 in government schools and full fees in government colleges.
- It also banned the exchange of old notes at banks.
- The central bank of Nepal has banned the use and exchange of India's new ₹500 and ₹2,000 notes.
- The new notes are "illegal" and cannot be exchanged until the RBI issues a notification under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, the bank said.
- Note : Indian currency is widely accepted in Nepal, where people have been facing problems exchanging old notes.
- The Union Cabinet has approved introduction of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016 in the Parliament.
- The bill is a revamped version of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
- It seeks to repeal Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 as well the Coasting Vessels Act, 1838.
Awards & Honors
- Bengaluru-based Vishnu Raj Menon was today selected as 'Peter England Mr India' at the grand finale of the pageant at Playboy Club Mumbai.
- Tessa le Conge of the Netherlands was crowned Miss Asia Pacific International 2016, while the Philippines' Ganiel Krishnan placed second runner-up in a pageant held in Puerto Princesa, Palawan.
- Actor Manoj Bajpayee was named the Best Actor for his film 'Aligarh' at the 10th Asia Pacific Screen Awards held in Brisbane, Australia today.
- Nawazuddin Siddiqui won a special mention in the Best Actor category for the film 'Raman Raghav 2.0'.
- Miami has been named the world's most inspiring city, in a survey by travel company TravelBird.
- It has been followed by Bruges and San Francisco.
- TravelBird ranked a total of 85 cities, placing Jodhpur at 76th and Mumbai at 83rd place.
- The cities were ranked based on the number of performing arts companies, art schools, galleries and museums present there.
- Margaret Hamilton, the lead software engineer of the world's first successful manned lunar mission, Apollo 11, has been awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, US' highest civilian award.
- She headed the MIT department tasked with developing the guidance and navigation system software for the NASA project.
- Note : Hamilton is often credited with coining the term 'software engineering'.
Science & Techology Affairs
- Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry is going to spend ₹1,184 crore ($173 million) to build the fastest supercomputer in the world.
- The computer will be able to make 130 quadrillion calculations per second or 'petaflops'.
- Important Note : China's Sunway TaihuLight, which is capable of 93 petaflops, is considered to be the world's fastest supercomputer currently.
- China has successfully launched its fourth data satellite named Tianlian I-04.
- The satellite will join its three predecessors to achieve global network operation.
- The satellite was launched on board of Long March-3C carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southwest Sichuan province.
- The Union Government has appointed Yudhvir Singh Malik as the Chairman of National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
- He is going to replace Raghav Chandra who has been moved as secretary to the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
Sports Current Affairs
- PV Sindhu has surpassed Saina Nehwal for the first time in the Badminton World Federation rankings to become the highest-ranked Indian shuttler.
- Sindhu jumped two spots to be ranked 9th, while Saina dropped five places to the 11th spot, which is her lowest ranking in seven years.
- Former Liverpool and England captain Steven Gerrard today announced his retirement from professional football, ending his 19-year long career.
- Gerrard made 710 appearances for Liverpool, scoring 186 goals and winning eight major trophies.
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