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October 04, 2016

English Vocabulary from "The Hindu" - 4th October 2016

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Hai  Friends I'm Kani. Here I'm sharing English Vocabulary from Editorial section of The Hindu dated 4th October 2016. Happy reading :)

Note : Click on the titles to read the Editorials

Topic 1 : "In black and white"

  • In black and white - official, in writing or printing (of an agreement, contract, or statement)
  • Mop up something - to finish dealing with something (to completely remove it)
  • Amnesty - a situation in which a government agrees not to punish, or to no longer punish, people who have committed a particular crime
  • Undisclosed - not reported publicly (secret)
  • Slightly - not very much, only a little
  • Yielded - to produce something useful such as information or evidence
  • Dividend - a part of the profit
  • Evaders - people who avoid paying tax
  • Sluggishly - not performing or reacting as well as usual
  • Eventually - at the end of a process
  • Assessee - a person by whom any tax or any other sum of money is payable
  • Disclosed - to make something known publicly, or to show something that was hidden
  • Undeclared asset -  something such as money or property that you do not tell the tax authorities about
  • Stern - serious
  • Cartloads - the amount that you can carry in a cart (a large quantity of amount)
  • Haul - to take something, especially by force
  • Considerably - a lot (large or of noticeable importance)
  • Demystify - to make something that is difficult easy to understand, especially by explaining it clearly
  • Propagating - to spread ideas, beliefs etc to a lot of people
  • Potential - possible or likely in the future
  • Beneficiaries - someone who gets an advantage from a situation
  • Reassure - to comfort someone and stop them from worrying:
  • Persecuted - to treat someone extremely badly
  • Raked in - to earn a lot of money
  • Cushion - something, especially money, that is a protection against the possible effects of something bad
  • Fiscal deficit - a situation which occurs when a government's total expenditures exceed the revenue that it generates
  • Explicit - clear and exact
  • Stocktaking - the counting of all the goods, materials, etc. kept in a place
  • Vis-à-vis - compared to or relating to someone or something
  • Endeavour - an effort to do something, especially something new or difficult
  • Campaign - a series of actions intended to produce political or social change
  • Misleading - causing someone to believe something that is not true
  • Just the tip of the iceberg - a problem or difficult situation that shows that a much more serious problem exists
  • Crack down - to start dealing with someone or something much more strictly
  • Spruce up something - to improve the appearance of something by making it neater or by adding decorations
  • Data-mining - the process of searching a database using special software in order to find out information
  • Shallow - of little depth (very small in amount)
  • Revealed - to show something that was covered or hidden
  • Pursued - to try to achieve something
  • Haven - a safe or peaceful place
  • Come to light - to become known publicly
  • Akin - having some of the same qualities
  • Symptom - a sign of a larger problem
  • Thriving - very successful
  • Curb - to control or limit something that is harmful
  • Sop - something of little importance or value that is offered to stop complaints or unhappiness

Topic 2 : "The elusive peace in Colombia"

  • Elusive - difficult or impossible to achieve
  • Electorate - all the people who are allowed to vote in an election
  • Referendum - an occasion when everyone in a country can vote to make a decision about one particular subject
  • Guerrilla - a member of a military group that is not official and usually wants to change a political situation (Their main method is to make unexpected attacks in small groups.)
  • Set something in motion - to make a series of events or a process start happening
  • Disarming - making someone feel less angry or unfriendly because of the way you behave or talk to them
  • Accord - a formal agreement between countries or groups
  • Razor-thin - veru small
  • Rebel - someone who tries to remove a government or leader using force
  • Accuse - to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime
  • Massacre - the action of killing of a lot of people
  • Trading - the activity of buying and selling goods
  • Extortion - a crime in which someone gets money or information from someone else by using force or threats
  • Racket - a dishonest or illegal activity that makes money
  • Conflict - angry disagreement between people or groups
  • Claimed - if war, disease, or an accident claims someone’s life, they die as a result of it
  • Displaced - to force someone to leave their own country and live somewhere else
  • Dominant - more important, powerful, or successful than the other people or things of the same type
  • Criticism - the act of saying that something or someone is bad
  • Sacrificed - to give up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else
  • Tribunal - a special law court organized to judge a particular case
  • Sentence - a punishment given by a judge
  • Imperfection - a fault, or a bad quality
  • Terrible - causing or involving serious harm or damage
  • Atrocities - cruel and violent acts, often in a war
  • Well-documented - based on or supported with a lot of written evidence
  • Troops - soldiers, especially in large numbers
  • Backed - supported
  • Paramilitaries - a paramilitary group is organized like an army but is not official and often not legal.
  • Accuse - to say that someone has done something wrong or committed a crime
  • Countryside - the area outside towns and cities, with farms, fields, and trees
  • Predecessor - the person who had a job or official position before someone else
  • Conflict - angry disagreement between people or groups
  • Negotiation - the process of discussing something with someone in order to reach an agreement with them
  • Mediation - the process by which someone tries to end a disagreement by helping the two sides to talk about and agree on a solution
  • Tortuous - extremely complicated
  • Plausible - likely to be true
  • Diplomatic - to deal with people in a sensitive way that does not upset or offend them
  • Resumption - the start of something again after a temporary stop

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